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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Rotinas de Assistência Domiciliar Terapêutica (ADT) em HIV/AIDS

    A Assistência Domiciliar Terapêutica em Aids (ADT), implantada em 1995 no Brasil, constitui-se em uma modalidade assistencial com o objetivo de prestar atendimento multidisciplinar diferenciado, em nível domiciliar, às pessoas que vivem com HIV/AIDS. Contando com uma equipe formada por médico, enfermeira, assistente social e psicólogo, visa proporcionar ao paciente e sua família uma assistência integral, uma melhor qualidade de vida e uma redução no índice de demanda e ocupação dos leitos hospitalares. …

  2. Cuba's HIV/AIDS strategy: an integrated rights-based approach

    This paper discusses the Cuban approach to HIV, which like the nation's public health system, is founded on the principal that health is a human right. In practice, this translates into a continuum of care through universal access to primary, secondary, and tertiary health services, government commitment to equalizing and improving social determinants, and scientific research and development aimed at advancing population health. Constitutional rights, including job and housing guarantees and anti-discrimination laws, also play a role. …

  3. Ley planificación familiar: Un derecho humano. Exijamos que se cumpla

    Ley de Acceso Universal y Equitativo de Servicios de Planificación Familiar de 2006 y su Integración en el Programa Nacional de Salud Reproductiva de la República de Guatemala. Se entrega el texto de la ley acompañado de ilustraciones. Si incluye también el texto del Reglamento de dicha ley, promulgado en 2009.

  4. Addressing the Needs of young Men who have Sex with Men

    Groups of men who have sex with men (MSM) are not uniform throughout the Southeast Asian region. As the groups vary, their need of health coverage, social acceptance and information varies. This Brief claims that design of policies, programs and advocacies must be tailored to the local context. There are several factors to take into consideration; age, urban/rural, social context and laws that criminalize certain behaviors. One of the major issues is how to approach young MSM who, in several countries, are in desperate need of treatment and counseling. …

  5. Implementation of regional and international HIV prevention, trreatment, care and support conventions and declarations in Swaziland and Zambia

    Southern Africa HIV and AIDS Information Dissemination Service (SAfAIDS), with support from the Open Society Initiative for Southern Africa (OSISA), commissioned country studies in Zambia and the Kingdom of Swaziland in 2008. The aim of the study was to examine the extent to which these countries were implementing HIV and AIDS prevention, treatment, care and support (impact mitigation) strategies and services, in line with major international commitments and declarations to which they are signatories. …

  6. Demography of HIV/AIDS in China

    The challenge to determining the true impact of HIV within the general population in China has been the lack of a reliable, comprehensive surveillance and reporting system, coupled with the lack of an effective referral chain within the Chinese healthcare system. However, over the past few years, more information has become available about specific, at-risk populations. The nature of China's HIV epidemic complicates assessments about its future. …

  7. The Law on Prevention and Control Of HIV/AIDS

    This Law was passed on June 29, 2006, by the XIth National Assembly of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, the 9th session. Law No. 64/2006/QH11. Pursuant to the 1992 Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, which was amended and supplemented under December 25, 2001 Resolution No. 51/2001/QH10 of the XIth National Assembly at its 10th session; This Law provides for HIV/AIDS prevention and control.

  8. National Strategic Plan 2007-2011: Mid Term Review 2010

    The aim of the mid-term review was to: assess the implementation of the NSP through a forward looking review that will document achievements, lessons learnt, gaps, constraints, challenges and opportunities at provincial, sectoral and national levels in relation to the four priority areas of the NSP, and make recommendations for strengthening and improving the HIV response. …

  9. International, African and country legal obligations on women's equality in relation to sexual and reproductive health including HIV and AIDS

    The lack of universal access to women's reproductive health services has contributed to the collective failure to be on target to achieve the MDGs by 2015. This is part and parcel of the failure to secure Universal Access by 2010 and is a major factor in the high burden of HIV and AIDS on the African continent. …

  10. Nepal National Advocacy Plan on HIV and AIDS 2008-2011

    This advocacy plan provides comprehensive guidelines to the concerned advocacy group/s to concentrate their efforts to ensure change. It explains the major issue that need to be addressed by the advocates as the specific target area on which advocacy needs to be continued. This Advocacy Plan has been developed to strongly support the implementation of the National Action Plan on AIDS 2008-2011 and thereby accelerate an expanded response on HIV and AIDS in Nepal. …

  11. Legislation contagion: the spread of problematic new HIV laws in Western Africa

    Ce numérode la Revue VIH/SIDA, Droit et politique évoque la question de la la législation mise en oeuvre en réponse au VIH et au SIDA. Les lois modèles peuvent être un élément utile à la lutte contre le VIH/sida, mais à condition d'être solidement ancrées dans les principes des droits humains. En 2004, l'organisme AWARE-HIV/AIDS a préparé une loi type sur le VIH, pour l'Afrique occidentale. Quelques pays de cette région ont déjà rédigé des lois nationales fondées sur cette loi type. Dans ce principal article de la revue, certaines des principales dispositions de cette loi type sont étudiées. …

  12. On the Right Track: Vietnam Adopts Rights-based Policies for HIV Prevention, Treatment and Care

    Due in part to U.S. assistance on the policy front, the Vietnamese National Assembly enacted a more progressive, health- and rights-oriented national law regarding HIV/AIDS in mid-2006. Significantly, the new law officially endorses an array of specific HIV prevention activities for groups with high-risk behaviors. Ultimately, the policy environment in which donors and NGOs operate appears to be improving dramatically and holds promise for managing the epidemic as long as there is improved coordination among all actors.

  13. Enabling Effective Responses HIV in Pacific Island Countries: Options for Human Rights-Based Legislative

    This report presents options for human rights-based legislation for the prevention and management of HIV, for protecting those already infected and those particularly affected by or vulnerable to HIV, and ensuring that people living with HIV can continue to live useful and productive lives. …

  14. Human Rights and HIV/AIDS: Now More Than Ever. 10 reasons why human rights should occupy the global AIDS struggle

    Declaración que entrega diez razones por las que los Derechos Humanos deben ser el eje de las políticas de respuesta al VIH/sida, y como esta orientación no siempre es considerada. Incluye un listado de portales de internet.

  15. 10 razones para oponerse a la penalización de la exposición al y la transmisión del VIH

    Documento que aboga por la despenalización de la exposición y transmisión del VIH a través de diez puntos: 1. La penalización de la transmisión del VIH sólo se justifica cuando una persona deliberadamente o maliciosamente transmita el VIH a otra persona con la intención de perjudicarla. En esos limitados casos, las leyes penales pueden y deben ser utilizadas, en vez de aprobarse leyes específicas de VIH. 2. La aplicación de leyes penales a la exposición al y la transmisión del VIH no reduce la propagación del VIH. 3. …

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