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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Scan of law and policies affecting human rights, discrimination and access to HIV and health services by key populations in Pakistan

    The Scan of Laws and Policies Affecting Human Rights, Discrimination and Access to HIV and Health Services by Key Populations in Pakistan identifies the current status of legislation, policies, institutional frameworks in Pakistan that safeguard the universal human rights of the key affected populations with regard to the HIV prevention, care and treatment. …

  2. Malaysia national strategic plan on HIV and AIDS 2011-2015

    The goals of the Malaysian NSP 2011 - 2015, are: 1. To prevent and reduce the risk and spread of HIV infection; 2. Improve the quality of life of People Living with HIV; 3. Reduce the social and economic impact resulting from HIV and AIDS on the individual, family and society. The specific objectives of the NSP2011-2015 are: 1. To further reduce by 50% the number of new HIV infections by scaling up, improving upon and initiating new and current targeted and evidence based comprehensive prevention interventions; 2. …

  3. National HIV legal review report: Review of Myanmar’s legal framework and its effect on access to health and HIV services for people living with HIV and key affected populations

    This report presents the key findings and recommendations of the review of Myanmar's legal framework and its effect on access to health and HIV prevention and treatment services for people living with HIV and key affected populations.The review was conducted through a partnership of UNAIDS, UNDP and Pyoe Pin in the period August - December 2013, in consultation with the National AIDS Programme. …

  4. In or Out? Asia-Pacific review of young key populations in national AIDS strategic plans

    To better understand how countries are tackling the HIV epidemic among young key populations, a number of agencies agreed to partner to investigate how these groups were being addressed in national AIDS strategic plans in the Asia-Pacific region. This report is the outcome of this effort, and aims to inform country-based reviews and progress reports of current NSPs, and the development of future plans with greater attention to these populations. …

  5. Peer education training manual. For the training of peer educators and peer education advisers in secondary schools

    Peer education is a powerful strategy to promote positive behaviour change and improve the life skills of young people. This peer education program builds upon the concepts and life skills first introduced in the Upper Primary Personal Development syllabus. It reinforces and deepens the learning outcomes in Lower Secondary Personal Development. …

  6. A brief report on the World AIDS Day in Afghanistan 2nd Dec, 2012

    The World AIDS Day (WAD) has been observed each year since 1988 worldwide. Every year, on the first of December, World AIDS Day comes as an opportunity to look back at our commitments, achievements and shortfalls in HIV prevention, treatment and care. It is an opportunity for awareness-raising and advocacy to gain the commitment of the leadership and policy- makers in response to HIV and AIDS and to draw the attention of the general population and the key affected populations and vulnerable groups to adhere to safety precautions and prevent HIV and AIDS. …

  7. Fifth AIDS medium-term plan national monitoring and evaluation plan 2011-2016, Philippines

    The National M&E System on HIV and AIDS has four major objectives: To create an enabling environment for monitoring and evaluation; To generate accurate, timely, and relevant HIV data; To intensify HIV research and evaluation; To increase HIV response data demand and information use.

  8. The Nepal HIV Investment Plan 2014-2016

    The investment plan for Nepal 2014-2016 emphasises the importance of focusing on Key Affected Populations (KAP), then goes one step further to disaggregate relevant KAP into sub-populations, guided by infection risk dynamics and context. The first priorities identified for prevention are: female sex workers who inject drugs on a regular basis (FSW WID); other people who inject drugs; street-based female sex workers ( FSW); transgender sex workers (TG SW) and male sex workers (MSW). …

  9. National HIV strategic plan Sri Lanka 2013-2017

    The National Strategic Plan (NSP) 2013-2017 is designed to guide Sri Lanka’s response to HIV/ AIDS and STI control in the next five years and has been formulated with broad stakeholder involvement, drawing on the existing strengths and successes and the lessons learned in the last decade. It considers the policy and legal environment, the available scientific evidence, international best practices, and the estimated needs for prevention and treatment and current coverage rates and is informed, as best as possible, by resources that would be available. …

  10. Effective laws to end HIV and AIDS: Next steps for parliaments

    With the global AIDS response becoming increasingly hampered by the criminalization of key populations, this study aims to encourage and assist parliamentary scrutiny of legislation that impedes effective HIV interventions. It highlights the various processes in selected parliaments that led to the adoption of laws with a positive impact on the AIDS response. Although such outcomes were not always easy to achieve, they were mainly the result of inspired leadership by parliamentarians able to overcome the moral obstacles that had stifled socially sensitive issues in political debate.

  11. Harm reduction strategy for IDU (injecting drug use) and HIV/AIDS prevention in Afghanistan

    To goal of this strategy is to reduce drug-related health and social harms among individuals, families and communities in Afghanistan. The specific objectives are: To reduce the vulnerability of problem drug users and their families to HIV infection; To reduce the vulnerability of problem drug users and their families to Hepatitis B, C and syphilis; To reduce the risk of the spread of HIV and other blood borne diseases to the general population; To provide services to IDUs that will reduce the risk of HIV transmission.

  12. National strategic framework on HIV/AIDS for Afghanistan - II 2011-2015

    The NSF-II is elaborated in continuity of the Afghanistan National HIV/AIDS Strategic Framework-I goal to achieve universal access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support for at-risk and vulnerable populations and people living with HIV. …

  13. 5th AIDS Medium Term Plan (2011- 2016): the Philippine Strategic Plan on HIV and AIDS

    The Philippines has maintained a low prevalence rate in HIV and AIDS. With the current spike in the number of reported cases, however, the country may not be able to keep it at the present level. There is growing evidence that the next Country Response to HIV and AIDS must catch up with, if not overtake, the spread of the epidemic at its present rate. …

  14. 3rd national strategic plan for HIV and AIDS response 2011-2015

    Bangladesh responded early and decisively to the potential threat of HIV. In the period since the adoption of the first national strategy in 1985, services have been established and scaled up, particularly for Most At Risk Populations (MARPs). Most female sex workers and People Who Inject Drugs (PWID)) are in contact with services. Among developing countries, Bangladesh (based on recent population size estimations) has achieved among the highest level of needle/syringe distribution per PWID among developing countries in the world. …

  15. Knowledge, attitudes and practices concerning HIV/AIDS among Iranian at-risk sub-populations

    This study in 2003 looked at knowledge, attitudes and behaviours concerning HIV among 3 high-risk groups (201 cross-border truck drivers, 50 female sex workers and 754 youths) in 4 cities in the Islamic Republic of Iran. The level of knowledge about HIV was low on average, especially among individuals with high-risk behaviours. Truck drivers and female sex workers had higher knowledge about sexually transmitted infections than youths but their knowledge came primarily from personal experience rather than public awareness programmes. …

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