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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Situation assessment of the HIV response among young people in Zambia

    The main objective of this situational assessment is to compile and synthesize existing recent information on HIV and young people together with the current AIDS response for young people in Zambia, including programmes, policies, and key partners, and to document gaps and challenges in the response. In this document young people refers to individuals aged 10 to 24 years. It analyzes existing strategic information on HIV and young people and identifies gaps in the evidence and in the current HIV response.

  2. Schools as Centres of Care and Support (SCCS): Responding to the Needs of Orphans and Other Vulnerable Children in Rural Areas

    Southern Africa's rural and impoverished communities are some of the hardest hit by the HIV and AIDS pandemic. Large numbers of vulnerable children in these AIDS-affected communities struggle to access resources and services they desperately need and are entitled to. Despite this, most children still attend school, making schools an obvious avenue through which to address the multiplicity of needs of vulnerable children. The case study presented here describes an innovative and effective programme built on the principles of a multi-sectoral approach to HIV and AIDS. …

  3. Coordination for vulnerable children: Alliance Zambia's efforts to strengthen government and community OVC systems

    Alliance Zambia's experience implementing a programme to strengthen community support systems for orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) has highlighted coordination within government, and partnership between government and civil society, as essential building blocks for effective OVC support.

  4. Orphans and vulnerable children and national development instruments: lessons learnt for successful integration

    The paper examines the degree to which orphans and other vulnerable children is addressed in national development instruments in eastern and southern Africa, assuming that integration brings tangible benefits for orphans and vulnerable children. …

  5. Progress in the national response to orphans and other vulnerable children in sub-Saharan Africa. The OVC policy and planning effort index (OPPEI) 2007 round

    This report presents the results of the analysis of the orphans and other vulnerable children (OVC) Policy and Planning Effort Index (OPPEI) in sub-Saharan Africa and reviews progress made in effort since 2004. The OVC Policy and Planning Effort Index (OPPEI) was developed by UNICEF, USAID and the Futures Group to measure the response by countries in Sub-Saharan Africa to the crisis facing orphans and other vulnerable children (OVC) as a result of the HIV and AIDS epidemic. …

  6. National plans of action for orphans and vulnerable children in sub-Saharan Africa. Where are the youngest children?

    In 2005, an estimated 48 million children aged 0-18 years, that is to say 12 percent of all children in sub-Saharan Africa, were orphans, and that number is expected to rise to 53 million by 2010. One quarter of all orphans are orphaned because of AIDS, and about 2.6 million children are currently infected with HIV. In response to the general awareness of the increasing number of these children, a global initiative to develop national plans of action (NPAs) for these orphans and vulnerable children (OVCs), or children affected by HIV and AIDS, has been launched. …

  7. Expanding social protection for vulnerable children and families: learning from an institutional perspective

    Social protection, including social transfers and social services for the most vulnerable and marginalized, is gaining momentum as a development priority. This paper aims to explore two specific issues: What efforts are underway to strengthen institutions to deliver child sensitive social protection and what are the practical lessons from prior and ongoing efforts? What is the best way to build institutions to expand comprehensive social protection that benefits children, including social transfers and services? …

  8. SCOPE OVC Project

    This a review of the SCOPE OVC Project in Zambia. The main objective of the project has been to strengthen community led initiatives and establish community based and led reponses to OVCs. This is inrecognition of the fact that community led initiatives are likley to have long lasting impact within communities. …

  9. Orphan Programming in Zambia: Developing a Strategy for Very Young Children in Zambia

    This report documents an assessment of UNICEF Programming in Zambia for Children and Children Affected by HIV/AIDS. This was in response to the publication of Children on the Brink which represented a "wake up call" for the international development community on several levels. Following this report, UNICEF Headquarters' management team decided to evaluate and intensify its programming efforts in this area. …

  10. Extract from: Regional analysis report, 1999 UNICEF Eastern and Southern Africa Regional Office: 11 February 2000.

    This report is derived from the initiatives and key results identified by UNICEF with regards to support for orphans in the southern African region. UNICEF has been designated lead agency among the UNAIDS co-sponsors for programmes in support of orphans. An effort to conduct national-level rapid assessments of the orphan problem in 13 countries in the region was completed in 1999. UNICEF and other partners sponsored a much more complete study of the problem in Zambia in 1999, resulting in a report that should be widely read for its analysis of the many facets of this crisis.

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