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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Punitive laws, key population size estimates, and Global AIDS Response Progress Reports: an ecological study of 154 countries

    UN global plans on HIV/AIDS have committed to reducing the number of countries with punitive laws criminalizing key populations. This study explores whether punitive laws are associated with countries’ performance on targets set in the global plans. As a result, it states that a significantly larger proportion of countries that criminalize same-sex sexual behaviour reported implausibly low size estimates or no size estimates for MSM. …

  2. No one left behind: understanding key populations, achieving triple zeros by 2030

    This book focuses on 6 key populations, i.e. sex workers, people who inject drugs, men who have sex with men, transgender individuals, beach boys and prisoners. It describes reasons why these key populations are at higher risk of acquiring HIV infections, the current situation of Sri Lankan laws and how discrimination and social stigma prevent these particular key population groups approaching health care services. …

  3. National HIV programme situation and gap analysis

    This draft programme gap analysis is based on a consultative process undertaken by an international consultant "Jamie Uhrig" providing technical support to the National AIDS Programme of the Ministry of Health in Egypt in March 2015. The terms of reference for the international consultant include describing “current policies and programmes, including thematic areas, related to the national HIV response in Egypt and identifying programmatic gaps”. …

  4. Development of a nationally coordinated evaluation plan for the Ghana National Strategy for Key Populations

    Objective: Just as HIV prevention programs need to be tailored to the local epidemic, so should evaluations be country-owned and country-led to ensure use of those results in decision making and policy. The objective of this paper is to describe the process undertaken in Ghana to develop a national evaluation plan for the Ghana national strategy for key populations. Methods: This was a participatory process that involved meetings between the Ghana AIDS Commission (GAC), other partners in Ghana working to prevent HIV among key populations, and MEASURE Evaluation. …

  5. Scan of law and policies affecting human rights, discrimination and access to HIV and health services by key populations in Pakistan

    The Scan of Laws and Policies Affecting Human Rights, Discrimination and Access to HIV and Health Services by Key Populations in Pakistan identifies the current status of legislation, policies, institutional frameworks in Pakistan that safeguard the universal human rights of the key affected populations with regard to the HIV prevention, care and treatment. …

  6. Policy analysis and advocacy decision model for services for key populations in Kenya

    From 2010–2012, the global Health Policy Project (funded by the United States Agency for International Development), in partnership with African Men for Sexual Health and Rights (AMSHeR), developed Policy Analysis and Advocacy Decision Model for HIV-Related Services: Males Who Have Sex with Males, Transgender People, and Sex Workers (Beardsley K., 2013), hereafter referred to as the Decision Model. …

  7. South Asia regional advocacy framework and resource guide: HIV, human rights and sexual orientation and gender identity

    This South Asia Regional Advocacy Framework and Resource Guide was developed to assist organizations in South Asia to work together on advocacy priorities for removing the legal and policy barriers that prevent MSM and transgender people from enjoying the right to the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health, particularly in relation to access to HIV prevention, treatment and care. …

  8. In or Out? Asia-Pacific review of young key populations in national AIDS strategic plans

    To better understand how countries are tackling the HIV epidemic among young key populations, a number of agencies agreed to partner to investigate how these groups were being addressed in national AIDS strategic plans in the Asia-Pacific region. This report is the outcome of this effort, and aims to inform country-based reviews and progress reports of current NSPs, and the development of future plans with greater attention to these populations. …

  9. The Nepal HIV Investment Plan 2014-2016

    The investment plan for Nepal 2014-2016 emphasises the importance of focusing on Key Affected Populations (KAP), then goes one step further to disaggregate relevant KAP into sub-populations, guided by infection risk dynamics and context. The first priorities identified for prevention are: female sex workers who inject drugs on a regular basis (FSW WID); other people who inject drugs; street-based female sex workers ( FSW); transgender sex workers (TG SW) and male sex workers (MSW). …

  10. Innovative uses of communication technology for HIV programming for MSM and TG populations

    This paper is a summary report of a two-day technical consultation whose goal was to provide a forum for key stakeholders in HIV research, programming, implementation, and evaluation to take stock of important developments in the field and develop strategies to improve communication technology for enhanced HIV services. During the meeting, which was co-sponsored by the U.S. …

  11. National strategic plan for most at risk populations 2011-2015

    The Ghana Most At Risk Population strategy 2011-2015 has been developed to provide a framework for the implementation of a comprehensive package of services designed specifically to reach four MARP subgroups, Female Sex Workers (FSW), Men who have Sex with Men (MSM), Injecting Drug Users (PWID) and Prisoners. The goal of the strategy is to reach 80% of all identified MARP by 2015 with a comprehensive package of HIV prevention, protection, treatment, care and support service that is evidence based, accessible and acceptable to the specific groups. …

  12. Toward Universal Access: Examples of municipal HIV programming for men who have sex with men and transgender people is six Asian cities

    This report analyzes current city-level responses in Manila, Bangkok, Jakarta, Yangon, Ho Chi Minh City and Chengdu to highlight innovate responses and underlines that city-based responses will have a critical impact on tackling HIV among MSM and transgender persons. The study also confirms that progress continues to be hampered by the existence of restrictive legal environment and policies, selective enforcement practices and the lack of local coordination between health, law enforcement officials and community based organizations. …

  13. Addressing the Needs of young Men who have Sex with Men

    Groups of men who have sex with men (MSM) are not uniform throughout the Southeast Asian region. As the groups vary, their need of health coverage, social acceptance and information varies. This Brief claims that design of policies, programs and advocacies must be tailored to the local context. There are several factors to take into consideration; age, urban/rural, social context and laws that criminalize certain behaviors. One of the major issues is how to approach young MSM who, in several countries, are in desperate need of treatment and counseling. …

  14. Acceso a la Prevención y Servicios de Diagnostico ITS/VIH en población Hombres que tienen Sexo con Hombres (HSH), Santa Cruz, 2006

    Estudio transversal sobre acceso a los servicios de salud por parte de hombres que tienen sexo con hombres en Santa Cruz, Bolivia. Se detallan las características de este grupo, la metodología empleada por el estudio y sus principales resultados: creencias y mitos sobre VIH/ITS, percepción de discriminación y grado de satisfacción respecto a la atención en los centros de salud.

  15. Desafíos y Lecciones Aprendidas: Prevención de las ITS, el VIH y el SIDA entre hombres gay y otros hombres que tienen sexo con hombres en América Latina y el Caribe latino

    La materia prima de este manual son los resultados del taller regional Desafíos en el Trabajo de Prevención para Hombres Gay y otros Hombres que tienen Sexo con Hombres, que se realizó en la Ciudad de Guatemala a finales de 2003; y el esfuerzo, creatividad, experiencia y voluntad de los 35 participantes, provenientes de 15 países de América Latina. Este documento sistematiza las experiencias allí compartidas. …

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