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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Legal protections against HIV-related human rights violations: Experiences and lessons learned from national HIV laws in Asia and the Pacific

    This report is a direct follow-up to Global Commission on HIV and the Law: Risks, Rights and Health (July 2012) and the Asia-Pacific Regional Dialogue of the Global Commission on HIV and the Law convened in Bangkok in February 2011. This study identifies the laws that states of Asia and the Pacific have put in place to provide legal protections against HIV-related human rights violations and the lessons learned from implementation and enforcement. …

  2. The policy and legal framework protecting the rights of women and girls in Ethiopia and reducing their vulnerability to HIV/AIDS: an advocacy toolkit

    This document focuses on the protection of the rights of women and girls In Ethiopia, that may have a relevance to addressing the vulnerability of women and girls to HIV/AIDS. It provides key recommendations to fill the gaps in the policy and and legal framework as well as recommendations towards better enforcement of the existing laws protecting the rights of women and girls.

  3. Child consent in South African law: Implications for researchers, service providers and policy-makers

    Children under 18 are legal minors who, in South African law, are not fully capable of acting independently without assistance from parents/legal guardians. However, in recognition of the evolving capacity of children, there are exceptional circumstances where the law has granted minors the capacity to act independently. …

  4. Bali Global Youth Forum declaration

    The ICPD Global Youth Forum has produced a set of recommendations which outline the vision of young people around the world for their future. …

  5. Realising sexual and reproductive health rights in Kenya: a myth or reality? A report of the Public Inquiry into Violations of Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights in Kenya

    This report presents the findings of the Public Inquiry into violations of sexual and reproductive health rights (SRHR) in Kenya. The Inquiry was undertaken in fulfilment of one of the Kenya National Commission on Human Rights’ (KNCHR) primary mandates- to conduct investigations into any complaint on the violation of human rights in the country. The Inquiry was undertaken by the KNCHR following a complaint filed by two non-governmental organisations (NGOs) working on reproductive health issues in Kenya. …

  6. Making it work: Lessons learnt from three regional workshops to integrate human rights into national HIV strategic plans

    Human rights are legal guarantees: they apply to everyone. However, these may be perceived by stakeholders in the national HIV response as separate from HIV prevention, treatment, care and support. And yet without a human rights-based approach to HIV, it is unlikely that an HIV response will be effective. …

  7. Human Rights Protections for Sexual Minorities in Insular Southeast Asia: Issues and Implications for Effective HIV Prevention

    This desk review examines the human rights situation for sexual minorities in six countries in insular Southeast Asia, namely Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore and Timor-Leste. It considers domestic laws and practices, as well as the international human rights instruments and obligations that each country is signatory. It concludes with recommendations to improve the rights framework in the sub-region so that HIV prevention and health programmes can be more accessible and responsive to the needs of sexual minorities.

  8. Compendium Afghanistan: National and international commitments on the equal right of all children to quality education in inclusive and child-friendly settings

    This Compendium brings together in one document all the main conventions, declarations, and laws that support the right of all the children of Afghanistan. It is designed to help ensure that all children are able to realise their right to access quality education in schools that are both inclusive and child-friendly. Inclusive and child-friendly education is a developmental approach seeking to address the individual learning needs of all children, with special focus on those children who are vulnerable to marginalisation from and within the education system.

  9. Assessment: legal and regulatory framework affecting treatment and services for most-at-risk populations in Ghana

    In recognition of the importance of an enabling legal and policy environment that supports MARPs and their access to services, the Ghana AIDS Commission requested that the United States Agency for International Development - supported Health Policy Initiative conduct a qualitative assessment to develop an understanding of the current legal and policy framework for MARPs. An enabling environment reduces stigma and discrimination (S&D) against MARPs, protects their rights, and ensures that they have access to needed services. …

  10. Legislation contagion: the spread of problematic new HIV laws in Western Africa

    Ce numérode la Revue VIH/SIDA, Droit et politique évoque la question de la la législation mise en oeuvre en réponse au VIH et au SIDA. Les lois modèles peuvent être un élément utile à la lutte contre le VIH/sida, mais à condition d'être solidement ancrées dans les principes des droits humains. En 2004, l'organisme AWARE-HIV/AIDS a préparé une loi type sur le VIH, pour l'Afrique occidentale. Quelques pays de cette région ont déjà rédigé des lois nationales fondées sur cette loi type. Dans ce principal article de la revue, certaines des principales dispositions de cette loi type sont étudiées. …

  11. Enabling Effective Responses HIV in Pacific Island Countries: Options for Human Rights-Based Legislative

    This report presents options for human rights-based legislation for the prevention and management of HIV, for protecting those already infected and those particularly affected by or vulnerable to HIV, and ensuring that people living with HIV can continue to live useful and productive lives. …

  12. Human Rights and HIV/AIDS: Now More Than Ever. 10 reasons why human rights should occupy the global AIDS struggle

    Declaración que entrega diez razones por las que los Derechos Humanos deben ser el eje de las políticas de respuesta al VIH/sida, y como esta orientación no siempre es considerada. Incluye un listado de portales de internet.

  13. Mejorando la seguridad humana en el contexto del VIH/sida mediante la equidad de género: Fortalecimiento de los marcos legales y políticos que promuevan la equidad de género en Honduras

    La presente investigación tiene como objetivo fundamental revisar la legislación en materia de VIH/SIDA, que ha sido incorporada al ordenamiento jurídico de Honduras, y ver si la misma ha incorporado el enfoque de género. Se analizan cuerpos legales vigentes en ese país, tanto internacionales como nacionales. Se detallan las leyes específicas al respecto y se analiza la Ley Especial del VIH/SIDA, bajo la óptica de género y de la mujer en específico.

  14. 10 razones para oponerse a la penalización de la exposición al y la transmisión del VIH

    Documento que aboga por la despenalización de la exposición y transmisión del VIH a través de diez puntos: 1. La penalización de la transmisión del VIH sólo se justifica cuando una persona deliberadamente o maliciosamente transmita el VIH a otra persona con la intención de perjudicarla. En esos limitados casos, las leyes penales pueden y deben ser utilizadas, en vez de aprobarse leyes específicas de VIH. 2. La aplicación de leyes penales a la exposición al y la transmisión del VIH no reduce la propagación del VIH. 3. …

  15. Marco jurídico para la prevención del VIH/SIDA con jóvenes en Costa Rica: análisis de la legislación costarricense sobre juventud, VIH/SIDA y migración.

    Documento sobre el marco legal que garantiza los derechos de salud sexual y reproductiva y VIH/sida de los jóvenes en Costa Rica. Se analizan las regulaciones legales sobre juventud, VIH/sida y migración. En base a este análisis se detectan problemas como la ausencia de una política de género, o una perspectiva de derechos humanos en la legislación, además de la situación de precariedad de la población migrante en ese país.

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