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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Women’s sexual and reproductive health and rights in Europe

    Despite considerable progress, women in Europe continue to face widespread denials and infringements of their sexual and reproductive health and rights. Laws, policies and practices still curtail and undermine women’s sexual and reproductive health, autonomy, dignity, and decision-making and pervasive gender inequality continues to have profound effects on their sexual and reproductive health and rights. Moreover, in recent years, resurgent threats to these rights have emerged jeopardising longstanding commitments to gender equality and women’s rights. …

  2. Policy outcome and challenges of sexual and reproductive health and rights in Ghana: what is the role of parliament?

    While considerable progress has been made in the development of policies, legislations and outcome, significant gaps in ensuring universal access to reproductive health and rights still remain. The inconsistency in the Children's Act which stipulates the marriage age at 18 and the Criminal Code which also specifies the legal age of consent regarding sex at age 16 may be a reflection of the increasing numbers of early pregnancies, infant and child mortalities, and high prevalence of HIV among girls and women among others. …

  3. Sexual and reproductive health rights and information and communications technologies: A policy review and case study from South Africa

    This report examines the linkages between policies on, and implementation of, sexual and reproductive health rights (SRHR) and ICT in rural and peri-urban spaces in South Africa. South Africa is renowned for its legal provisions addressing SRHR yet also experiences barriers to adolescent sexual health. SRHR programming is politically complex and often ambivalent; as a result less contentious aspects which emphasise maternal health get prioritised. …

  4. The need for quality sexual and reproductive health education to address barriers to girls’ educational outcomes in South Africa

    South Africa has made significant strides in enrolling girls in school, particularly at the basic education level, with high gender parity indexes (GPI) at the primary school level. However, the high attrition rate at the secondary level and the poor quality of educational experiences and learning opportunities, for girls in particular, remain areas of concern. …

  5. Assessment of the Policy Environment for the Integration of Reproductive Health and HIV&AIDS Services in Ghana

    The objectives of this assessment are to: Identify and assess current policies on reproductive health (RH) and HIV&AIDS services that support integration; Assess key stakeholders' current understanding of “integration of RH and HIV&AIDS services.” This includes their understanding of who is (are) the target population(s) in need of services, the kinds of services needed, and service delivery strategies for best meeting those needs; Identify operational challenges to providing integrated RH and HIV&AIDS services; Identify examples of integrated RH and HIV&AIDS services, if possible, and assess  …

  6. Using research to influence sexual and reproductive health practice and implementation in Sub-Saharan Africa: a case-study analysis

    Research institutions and donor organizations are giving growing attention to how research evidence is communicated to influence policy. In the area of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and HIV there is less weight given to understanding how evidence is successfully translated into practice. Policy issues in SRH can be controversial, influenced by political factors and shaped by context such as religion, ethnicity, gender and sexuality. …

  7. Equality impact assessment for national sexual health policy

    This document sets out the current inequalities in sexual health, the national policies that are already in place to reduce and eliminate these inequalities, and an action plan to improve national sexual health policy by continuing to narrow them.

  8. Integrating HIV and sexual and reproductive health: a Pacific specific mapping

    Over the past decade, Pacific Island countries have seen a rapid increase in HIV related activities that have largely been disconnected from broader sexual and reproductive health (SRH) activities. International research indicates that the synergies between HIV and SRH can be better used to improve health outcomes. However, despite a number of high level calls for greater linkages and integration, as well as the creation of avenues for this to occur, very little linkage and integration has yet been achieved at either policy or service levels in the Pacific region. …

  9. Time for a national sexual and reproductive health strategy for Australia: background paper

    This background paper argues for a comprehensive and evidence-based national sexual and reproductive health strategy to improve the health of all in our community, both women and men. In part one we begin with a descriptive snapshot of the sexual and reproductive health of Australians today and of the problems we face. We also give a brief overview of the Australian sexual and reproductive health policy context - past and current. …

  10. Policy and institutional frameworks: mainstreaming adolescent reproductive health (ARH) and gender in HIV/AIDS programs: examples from Ethiopia and Uganda

    This document is divided into six parts (Part I-VI). Part I covers (a) the study background including objectives, methodologies and activities; and (b) an overview of the HIV situation among young people and adolescents in the Africa region. Part II and III present key findings from Ethiopia and Uganda, including a review of policies and the institutional environment in both countries in regards to gender, youth, ARH and HIV/AIDS. Part IV includes key findings of six country assessments of youth issues in the Multi-Sector Programs on HIV/AIDS of the World Bank. …

  11. Estado de la vinculación de la salud sexual y reproductiva, VIH y Sida e ITS en Chile

    Documento que analiza la legislación y políticas públicas de salud sexual y reproductiva en Chile. Este análisis lo relaciona luego con el VIH/sida y las ITS, y resalta la importancia de las políticas en el control de éstas. También analiza el accionar de organizaciones de la sociedad civil al respecto.

  12. Turning research into practice: suggested actions from case-studies of sexual and reproductive health research

    This document is the outcome of two meetings. The first meeting reviewed case-studies and other evidence related to research utilization from the standpoint of researchers and donors, while the second meeting reviewed additional materials from the standpoint of policy-makers and sexual and reproductive health programme managers. …

  13. La educación de la salud sexual de los adolescentes en Canadá y Chile: una mirada desde las políticas públicas

    Artículo que da cuenta de algunos rasgos predominantes que se pueden identificar en las visiones y contenidos principales de las políticas públicas de Canadá y Chile en el área de la educación sobre salud sexual, teniendo como referencia los respectivos curriculum escolares de 1° a 4° medio (en el caso canadiense, los correspondientes a los grados 9 a 12), que aportan sustentabilidad normativa a los comportamientos favorecidos por el sistema educativo vigente en ambos países. …

  14. Cultural programming: reproductive health challenges and strategies in East and South-East Asia

    This report is focused on illustrating the interface between culture, gender and reproductive health issues addressed by UNFPA. It draws attention to challenges and opportunities in terms of both issues and strategies that have implications for programming interventions.

  15. Adolescents data on reproductive health issues in the I. R. of Iran

    The paper presents the results of a baseline survey conducted to assess the knowledge and awareness of reproductive health matters among the students of the junior and high schools. The survey was conducted by the Statistical Centre of Iran with the collaboration of UNFPA-Iran in the selected project areas. Survey information will facilitate the monitoring and evaluation of the current programme of the Ministry of Education and help formulate the future plan of action.

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