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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Out of the box: Queer youth in South Africa today: case study

    This Atlantic-commissioned case study provides a snapshot of what life is like for young lesbian, gay, bi-sexual, transgendered and intersex people (LGBTIs) in South Africa today – 17 years after the Constitution outlawed discrimination based on sexual orientation. It explores if democracy has brought greater tolerance and celebration of diversity for today’s young LGBTIs. …

  2. Transphobia in Ireland. Research report

    This report is a comprehensive review of Irish literature, policy and documentation on the handling of transphobia and transphobic incidents in an Irish context. It assesses what methods have been used to document and deal with such incidents at government and non-governmental levels, if any. The review looks to European models of policy and best practice and contextualises them within the Irish social, cultural and economic situation. …

  3. Gender violence: transgender experiences with violence and discrimination

    There is a pervasive pattern of discrimination and prejudice against transgendered people within society. Both economic discrimination and experiencing violence could be the result of a larger social climate that severely sanctions people for not conforming to society's norms concerning gender; as such, both would be strongly associated with each other. Questionnaires were distributed to people either through events or through volunteers, and made available upon the World Wide Web. A sample of 402 cases was collected over the span of 12 months (April 1996 - April 1997). …

  4. Reducing HIV stigma and discrimination: a critical part of national AIDS programmes

    Despite the pervasiveness of HIV-related stigma and discrimination in national HIV epidemics and their harmful impact in terms of public health and human rights, they remain seriously neglected issues in most national responses to HIV. National AIDS programmes - together with key partners - can take concrete steps to address these critical obstacles and help pave the way towards universal access to prevention, treatment, care and support. …

  5. Siyam'kela: Measuring HIV/AIDS-related stigma, A literature review

    Stigma has been identified as a complex, diverse and deeply rooted phenomenon that is dynamic in different cultural settings. As a collective social process rather than a mere reflection of an individual's subjective behaviour, it operates by producing and reproducing social structures of power, hierarchy, class and exclusion and by transforming difference (class, race, ethnicity, health status, sexual orientation and gender) into inequality. This document is a literature review about stigma in every sense of the word.

  6. Epidemic of Inequality. Women's Rights and HIV/AIDS in Botswana and Swaziland. An Evidence-Based Report on the Effects of Gender Inequity, Stigma and Discrimination

    Deeply entrenched gender inequities perpetuate the AIDS pandemic in Botswana and Swaziland, the two countries with the highest HIV prevalence in the world. The legal systems in both countries grant women lesser status than men, restricting property, inheritance and other rights. Social, economic and cultural practices create, enforce and perpetuate legalized gender inequalities and discrimination in all aspects of women's lives. …

  7. Homofobia de Estado. Un informe mundial sobre las leyes que prohíben la actividad sexual con consentimiento entre personas adultas

    Informe mundial sobre leyes que prohíben la actividad sexual con consentimiento entre personas adultas, ordenado por países, citando textualmente las leyes correspondientes. …

  8. Protocole pour l'identification de la discrimination à l'égard des personnes vivant avec le VIH

    The scope of this protocol encompasses the legal definition of discrimination as well as the identification and elimination of arbitrary discrimination -as defined by a range of important international instruments. Designed to assist National AIDS Programmes and others in detecting arbitrary discrimination, the protocol also serves as an effective human rights tool and a means of enforcing measures against such discrimination. Sources of arbitrary discrimination, and the criteria for assessing their existence, are outlined together with a detailed inductive methodology. The protocol also includes questionnaires for the assessment of arbitrary discrimination and for direct witness/key informant interviews, as well as checklists and orientation programmes for investigators.

  9. HIV/AIDS related stigma and discrimination: A conceptual framework and agenda for action

    Internationally, there has been a recent resurgence of interest in HIV and AIDS-related stigma and discrimination, triggered at least in part by growing recognition that negative social responses to the epidemic remain pervasive even in seriously affected communities. Yet, rarely are existing notions of stigma and discrimination interrogated for their conceptual adequacy and their usefulness in leading to the design of effective programmes and interventions. …

  10. HIV/AIDS/STDs education for prevention

    The contents of this book are drawn from contributions to the Global Conference on School Health and HIV/AIDS Prevention. Its objectives are to strengthen the awareness of teachers and education personnel on the importance of developing school health and HIV/AIDS prevention curricula, to show the specific roles of schools in promoting health, especially in relation to HIV prevention and HIV related discrimination and to develop school health especially AIDS issues.

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