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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Uso de drogas y VIH: Documento de trabajo con orientaciones para la intervención y la investigación

    La mayor parte de la información sobre prevalencia de infecciones transmitidas por sangre o sexualmente en usuarios de drogas de la Argentina es en la población de usuarios de drogas inyectables, aunque también existen estudios que dan cuenta de diversas infecciones entre usuarios de drogas no inyectables. Existe interacción entre consumidores de drogas por diferentes vías por lo que es necesario no limitar el trabajo preventivo a las personas que se inyectan drogas. …

  2. Understanding the focus on young people from key affected populations in concentrated and low prevalence HIV epidemics

    This course has been developed to provide guidance around youth-specific HIV programming and support staff working across the Asia Pacific region to meet the specific needs and rights of young people from key affected populations. …

  3. Paying to prevent HIV infection in young women?

    Between a quarter and a third of young women in sub-Saharan Africa are infected with HIV by the time they reach their early 20s. Structural factors such as poor education, poverty, and gender and power inequalities are important determinants of young women’s vulnerability to HIV infection. In The Lancet, Sarah Baird and colleagues report the results of a randomised controlled trial done with adolescent girls in rural Malawi, examining the effects of a cash transfer programme on risk of HIV infection. …

  4. The Impact of a Comprehensive Microfinance Intervention on Depression Levels of AIDS-Orphaned Children in Uganda

    The relationship between poverty and mental health functioning is well documented. Poverty affects not only families’ ability to physically care for children, but also families’ stability, functioning, and psychosocial well-being. In this article, we examine the impact of a comprehensive microfinance intervention, intended to reduce the risk of poverty, on depression among adolescent youth who have lost either one or both parents to AIDS.A child who has been affected by AIDS is more likely to have increased levels of anxiety, depression, and reduced self-esteem. …

  5. Addressing sexual violence and HIV risk among married adolescent girls in rural Nyanza, Kenya

    HIV infection is much higher among adolescent girls in sub-Saharan Africa than among boys. In settings such as Nyanza Province, Kenya, rates of HIV infection are extremely high, and evidence is increasing in some settings that girls who are married are much more likely to be infected with HIV, compared with their unmarried sexually active counterparts. This brief describes a program addressing the problem of sexual violence and the risk of HIV transmission within marriage in Kenya's Nyanza Province. …

  6. Le VIH a 30 ans, des nouvelles du futur

    Remaides est une revue trimestrielle destinée aux personnes vivant avec le VIH et leurs proches. Elle apporte une information claire et précise sur les traitements au VIH et les hépatites comme sur toutes les difficultés auxquelles chacun peut se retrouver confronté dans sa vie quotidienne. A travers les témoignages de ses lecteurs, Remaides est attaché à rendre visible la réalité intime de l'épidémie et à enrichir chacun de l'expérience des autres. Ce numéro propose un dossier spécialement consacré aux IST, aux traitements et aux différentes techniques de dépistage.

  7. Sexual, reproductive health needs and rights of young people with perinatally acquired HIV in Uganda

    The number of young people with perinatally acquired HIV is growing significantly. With antiretroviral drugs, children who get infected at birth with HIV have an opportunity to graduate into adolescence and adulthood. This achievement notwithstanding, new challenges have emerged in their care and support needs, the most dynamic being their sexual and reproductive health needs and rights (SRHR). …

  8. PMTCT (Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission) Trainers Manual

    The Fiji, Vanuatu, Kiribati and Solomon Islands PMTCT Training Package is based largely on the 2007 update of the PMTCT Generic Training Package (GTP) that was developed under the direction of the World Health Organization and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for adaptation by countries and regions across the globe. This PMTCT Training Package is expected to play a key role in accelerating the scale up of PMTCT services in the Pacific region through training of healthcare workers to implement appropriate, quality services for PMTCT.

  9. HIV in Prisons: Situation and Needs Assessment Toolkit

    This toolkit aims to provide information and guidance, primarily, to national governments. It is written with low and middle-income countries in mind, but it will also be a useful resource for high-income countries. Its focus is on HIV, but it recognizes that other diseases linked to HIV, in particular hepatitis and tuberculosis, also represent serious problems in prisons. The toolkit is divided into two sections. The first section provides a description of the characteristics of HIV in prisons, prisoners' unique requirements and principles of assessments. …

  10. Migration and HIV/AIDS in Thailand: Triangulation of Biological, Behavioral and Programmatic Response Data in Selected Provinces

    Thailand has been a hub for migration in the Greater Mekong Sub-Region, particularly for labor migrants from the three neighboring countries namely Myanmar, Cambodia, and Lao PDR. It is estimated that over two million migrants are living and working in Thailand, in addition to some 150,000 displaced persons and asylum seekers who seek refuge in nine temporary shelters along the border. …

  11. Sexual and Reproductive Health of Women and Adolescent Girls Living with HIV guidance for health managers, health workers, and activists

    Saúde Sexual e Saúde Reprodutiva das Mulheres Adultas, Adolescentes e Jovens Vivendo com HIV e Aids subsídios para gestores, profissionais de saúde e ativistas é um documento elaborada pela organização internacional EngenderHealth eoO Fundo de População das Nações Unidas (UNFPA) em 2008. …

  12. Real life - health promotion for people living with HIV in Thailand

    'Real life' is a series of five modules on health promotion for people living with HIV in Thailand. Each module in the series includes participatory exercises for engaging people living with HIV in discussion, focusing on different themes relating to their health and wellbeing and their sexual and reproductive health needs.

  13. Joint reviews of national AIDS responses: a guidance paper

    This Paper sets out the rationale for Joint Reviews. It underlines the principles that should govern these reviews, outlines their scope and objectives, and the links to other HIV-related review processes. Specifically, it offers broad guidance for planning, implementing, and following up on joint reviews that can be adapted and tailored to different contexts. …

  14. La protection contre le sida

    Ce manuel représente un guide pratique contenant des informations utiles destinées essentiellement aux élèves de l'école primaire et secondaire dans les pays arabes et musulmans, ainsi que pour le lecteur non spécialisé. Il est élaboré conjointement par l'Organisation islamique pour l'éducation, la science et la culture (ISESCO), en collaboration avec le bureau régional de la Méditerranée orientale de l'OMS et l'Organisation islamique des sciences médicales. …

  15. Les questions posées le plus souvents par les adolescents sur VIH/SIDA et la nouvelle génération et leurs réponses. Vol. 5.

    Le Programme Santé et Lutte contre le Sida de la GTZ a élaboré avec des adolescents un ensemble de 5 livrets abordant l'adolescence, les relations hommes-femmes, les rapports sexuels, les relations saines, le VIH et sida et la nouvelle génération. Il s'agit d'une adaptation aux besoins et aux réalités de la Guinée d'une précédente collection de livrets produite pour la Tanzanie. Ce cinquième livret est consacré aux questions liées aux VIH/SIDA et à la nouvelle génération (les modes de transmission, les moyens de se protéger, la vie lorsqu'on a contracté le virus.). …

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