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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Experiences from the field: HIV prevention among most at risk adolescents in Central and Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States

    In recent years, UNICEF has worked together with national and local authorities and civil society partners in a number of countries in Eastern Europe and Central Asia to develop and implement HIV prevention programmes intended to reduce risks and vul¬nerabilities among most-at-risk adolescents (MARA.) This docu¬ment presents programming experiences from seven countries: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH), Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia and Ukraine. …

  2. Young People Most at Risk for HIV/AIDS

    Attention paid to adults most at risk for HIV/AIDS - people who sell sex, those who inject drugs, and men who have sex with men (MSM) - is growing. Unfortunately, the particular needs of young people (ages 10 to 24) in these groups have drawn little focus. Young people who are most at risk for infection with HIV are among society’s most marginalized groups. In most cultures, the prevailing reaction to behavior linked to high risk of HIV infection is to try to prevent and punish it. Programs that aim to reduce harm provoke opposition, because they seem to tolerate or enable illegal behavior. …

  3. The Impact of a Comprehensive Microfinance Intervention on Depression Levels of AIDS-Orphaned Children in Uganda

    The relationship between poverty and mental health functioning is well documented. Poverty affects not only families’ ability to physically care for children, but also families’ stability, functioning, and psychosocial well-being. In this article, we examine the impact of a comprehensive microfinance intervention, intended to reduce the risk of poverty, on depression among adolescent youth who have lost either one or both parents to AIDS.A child who has been affected by AIDS is more likely to have increased levels of anxiety, depression, and reduced self-esteem. …

  4. Psychosocial care and support for young children and infants in the time of HIV and Aids: A resource for programming

    This publication is offered as a resource for programme staff in organisations that work with babies and young children, or their parents or caregivers, in the context of HIV and Aids, poverty and conflict. It is not intended for direct presentation to grassroots community workers, parents or caregivers.It can be used to develop programmes, training or action sheets for local needs. The material contained in this publication can be used as a set of principles or guidelines.

  5. Sexual and Reproductive Health of Young People: Expanding the Research and Program Agenda

    This paper's focuses on areas of relatively poorly addressed or understood aspects of young people's sexual and reproductive health. The authors propose to argue for the need to supplement our knowledge and programmatic interventions with regard to three specific issues related to young people's lives that need attention: (a) an overlooked sub-population of married adolescent girls; (b) an overlooked behavior of sex without consent; (c) programmatic interventions that work (or do not) in enhancing young people's health and development.

  6. Malawi National HIV/AIDS Action Framework (2005-2009)

    The National HIV/AIDS Action Framework (NAF) for Malawi was developed to cover the period 2005-2009 and it is based on the findings of the End of Term (ETR) review of the National Strategic Framework (NSF) for HIV/AIDS that guided the response from 2000-2004. This NAF was carried out using a highly participatory and nationwide consultative approach under eight pillars. …

  7. Monitoring HIV/AIDS Programs: A Facilitator's Training Guide

    Ce guide a été élaboré par Family Health International et l'agence des États-Unis pour le développement international. Ce guide contribue au suivi des programmes de prévention des services de santé fournis dans le cadre de la lutte contre le VIH et sida. Il peut être utile à de nombreuses personnes travaillant dans la lutte contre le VIH et sida, en particulier pour ceux qui travaillent sur le suivi et l'évaluation des programmes et l'élaboration et la mise en ouvre des plans d'action. Ce guide se divise en trois chapitres: 1) Chapitre1 : Vue d'ensemble de suivi et d'évaluation; 2) Chapitre 2: Suivi et évaluation des programmes de conseil et de dépistage volontaire; 3) Chapitre3 : Suivi et évaluation des programmes de soins cliniques. L'élaboration de ce manuel est faite pour être adapté aux programmes VIH et sida en Egypte. Il fournit également des conseils pour ceux qui s'intéressent à l'amélioration de la qualité des services présentés dans le domaine de VIH et sida notamment le développement et la sélection d'indicateurs appropriés permettant de mesurer les résultats des programmes ainsi que l'analyse et l'interprétation des données et la manière dont ces résultats doivent être utilisés pour prendre les bonnes décisions.

  8. Crianças órfãs e vulneráveis no contexto do HIV/SIDA em Moçambique

    Este documento foi concebido pela UNICEF Moçambique e trata do problema das crianças órfãs e vulneráveis ao HIV/SIDA. O SIDA está a tornar-se rapidamente na maior causa de mortalidade infantil. Em 2006, estima-se que existam 99,000 crianças com menos de 15 anos de idade que vivem com HIV/SIDA, e aproximadamente 80 por cento destas têm menos de cinco anos. A pandemia do SIDA continua a contribuir para o aumento de crianças órfãs e vulneráveis. Estima-se que há para cima de 1,6 milhoes de órfaos em Moçambique e que mais de 20 por cento destes sao resultado do SIDA. …

  9. Government's decree N° 108/2007/ND-CP of June 26, 2007, detailing the implementation of a number of articles of the law on HIV/AIDS prevention and control

    This Decree provides in detail the implementation of Clause 2, Article 21, Clause 2 of Article 23, Clause 3 of Article 28, Clause 4 of Article 39, and Clause 5 of Article 41 of the Law on HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control, regarding: Implementation of harm reduction intervention measures in the prevention of HIV transmission; Management, distribution and use of HIV drugs; Care for abandoned HIV-infected children, HIV-infected persons who have nobody to rely on or have no working capacity; and the setting up of non-public establishments for caring for HIV-infected persons; Integration of HIV/AIDS …

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