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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Prevalence of HIV and other infections and risk behaviour among injecting drug users in Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia in 2007: Study report

    The current report provides results from a cross-sectional bio-behavioural study on HIV and related infections and risk behaviours among current IDUs in the capital cities of the three Baltic countries. The first section of the report provides basic information on the three Baltic countries in general, and injecting drug use, HIV and other infections’ epidemiological situations, health care and harm reduction services in more detail. …

  2. Uso de drogas y VIH: Documento de trabajo con orientaciones para la intervención y la investigación

    La mayor parte de la información sobre prevalencia de infecciones transmitidas por sangre o sexualmente en usuarios de drogas de la Argentina es en la población de usuarios de drogas inyectables, aunque también existen estudios que dan cuenta de diversas infecciones entre usuarios de drogas no inyectables. Existe interacción entre consumidores de drogas por diferentes vías por lo que es necesario no limitar el trabajo preventivo a las personas que se inyectan drogas. …

  3. HIV prevention among vulnerable populations: the Pathfinder International approach

    This publication provides a background in the risks faced by populations especially vulnerable to HIV and AIDS. The document outlines strategies effective in prevention of HIV and AIDS among sex workers, men who have sex with other men, and injecting drug users. Programs described include peer education, comprehensive health services and quality of treatment, provider referral networks, and in-service training and sensitization.

  4. Experiences from the field: HIV prevention among most at risk adolescents in Central and Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States

    In recent years, UNICEF has worked together with national and local authorities and civil society partners in a number of countries in Eastern Europe and Central Asia to develop and implement HIV prevention programmes intended to reduce risks and vul¬nerabilities among most-at-risk adolescents (MARA.) This docu¬ment presents programming experiences from seven countries: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH), Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia and Ukraine. …

  5. The global HIV epidemics among people who inject drugs

    This publication addresses research questions related to an increase in the levels of access and utilization for four key interventions that have the potential to significantly reduce HIV infections among People Who Inject Drugs (PWID) and their sexual and injecting partners, and hence morbidity and mortality in low and middle-income countries (LMIC). These interventions are drawn from nine consensus interventions that comprise a 'comprehensive package' for PWID. …

  6. Harm reduction strategy for IDU (injecting drug use) and HIV/AIDS prevention in Afghanistan

    To goal of this strategy is to reduce drug-related health and social harms among individuals, families and communities in Afghanistan. The specific objectives are: To reduce the vulnerability of problem drug users and their families to HIV infection; To reduce the vulnerability of problem drug users and their families to Hepatitis B, C and syphilis; To reduce the risk of the spread of HIV and other blood borne diseases to the general population; To provide services to IDUs that will reduce the risk of HIV transmission.

  7. Understanding the focus on young people from key affected populations in concentrated and low prevalence HIV epidemics

    This course has been developed to provide guidance around youth-specific HIV programming and support staff working across the Asia Pacific region to meet the specific needs and rights of young people from key affected populations. …

  8. The global state of harm reduction: towards an integrated response

    The Global State of Harm Reduction 2012 presents the major developments in harm reduction policy adoption and programme implementation that have occurred since 2010. …

  9. Evaluation of the epidemiological impact of harm reduction programs on HIV in Vietnam

    This impact assessment study aims to examine coverage of harm reduction interventions in Vietnam among injecting drug users and female sex workers from 2004-2009 and to understand the HIV transmission dynamics in Vietnam and to estimate the extent to which harm reduction interventions among core groups have contributed towards epidemiological trends and reduced HIV transmission in Vietnam during the 2004-2009 strategy.

  10. The perspectives of injection drug users regarding safer injecting education delivered through a supervised injecting facility

    Unsafe injection practices can lead to HIV and HCV transmission as well as other bacterial and viral infections. Vancouver established North America's first supervised injection facility (SIF) to address such harms among injecting drug users (IDU). This study looks at their experiences receiving safer injecting education within the SIF. Through semi-structured, qualitative interviews, the experiences of 50 IDU were collected. Their testimonies indicate that gaps in knowledge exist among local IDU, often leading to unsafe injecting. …

  11. Drug Use Survey 2010 Sarpoza Prison, Kandahar, Afghanistan: Assessment of drug use levels and associated high risk behaviours amongst the prison population of Sarpoza Prison, Kandahar

    This evaluation aims to assess the levels of drug use and associated high-risk behaviours in the prison population of Sarpoza Prison, Kandahar, in order to inform the subsequent planning and provision of prison-based and community-based (prison aftercare) treatment and harm reduction service delivery.

  12. Manual para la Prevención del VIH/SIDA en Usuarios de Drogas Inyectadas

    El presente Manual es una propuesta para subsanar esta carencia de personal capacitado que se vincule con ambas problemáticas, y forma parte de la estrategia de intervención educativa que desarrolla el Centro Nacional para la Prevención y Control del VIH/SIDA (CENSIDA) hacia UDI, identificado como grupo vulnerable para contraer el VIH/SIDA, conjuntando la información que se ha generado de la investigación nacional e internacional con metodología cuantitativa y cualitativa, y la experiencia de varios años de trabajo de campo en la rehabilitación de usuarios de drogas inyectadas del Programa Com …

  13. Reducción de daños con jóvenes de barrios pobres

    Este trabajo refleja la experiencia llevada a cabo durante el año 2002 por la Asociación Civil Intercambios, con población adolescente de la zona del partido de Avellaneda donde se desarrolla un programa de reducción de daños desde 1999. Tuvo como objetivo desarrollar actividades de prevención y capacitación acerca del VIH y otras infecciones de transmisión sexual, así como de prevención de los problemas asociados con el uso de drogas. A partir del trabajo inicial de recolección de información se realizaron 66 talleres preventivos, y 5 actividades comunitarias de prevención. …

  14. Sitios de cobertura alta: prevención del VIH entre consumidores de drogas intravenosas en países en transición y en desarrollo: estudios de caso

    El ONUSIDA encargó el presente informe para investigar programas y sitios en países en desarrollo y en transición considerados por las autoridades internacionales "sitios de cobertura alta", esto es, donde más del 50% de los consumidores de drogas intravenosas había sido contactado por una o más intervenciones para la prevención del VIH. Se estudiaron siete sitios en total, a saber: Soligorsk (Belarús); Paskov (Federación de Rusia); Sumy (Ucrania); Dhaka (Bangladesh); Rajshahi (Bangladesh); Región Administrativa Especial de Hong Kong (China), y Salvador (Brasil). …

  15. Desde los márgenes: sistematización de experiencias de prevención del VIH/Sida con usuarios de drogas

    Sistematización de experiencias de intervención de trabajo de prevención de VIH en usuarios de drogas en Argentina. Las características de este grupo, el trabajo a través del sistema de reducción de daños y los espacios amigables.

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