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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Application of the information, motivation and behavioural skills model for targeting HIV risk behaviour amongst adolescent learners in South Africa

    This paper discusses the application of an information, motivation and behavioural skills (IMB) model in a school-based programme for the reduction of HIV risk behaviour among 259 Grade 11 learners in two high schools in Alexandra township, Johannesburg. School 1 was the Experimental group, while School 2 was the Control group. After a baseline study (Time 1) at both schools, a 3-week intervention programme was conducted at School 1. A post-test (Time 2) was conducted at both schools. The intervention was repeated at School 2, followed by another post-test (Time 3) at both schools. …

  2. Teacher training and HIV/AIDS prevention in West Africa: regression discontinuity design evidence from the Cameroon

    The authors assess the impact on teenage childbearing as well as student knowledge, attitudes, and behavior of a typical HIV/AIDS teacher training program in the Cameroon. Applying a regression discontinuity design identification strategy based on the key administrative criterion that determined program deployment, they find that 15–17 year old girls in teacher training schools are between 7 and 10 percentage points less likely to have started childbearing, an objective proxy for the incidence of unprotected sex. …

  3. A surprising prevention success: Why did the HIV epidemic decline in Zimbabwe?

    There is growing recognition that primary prevention, including behavior change, must be central in the fight against HIV/AIDS. The earlier successes in Thailand and Uganda may not be fully relevant to the severely affected countries of southern Africa. We conducted an extensive multi-disciplinary synthesis of the available data on the causes of the remarkable HIV decline that has occurred in Zimbabwe (29% estimated adult prevalence in 1997 to 16% in 2007), in the context of severe social, political, and economic disruption. …

  4. My Story My Life

    This book is designed to help in-school students learn about the health risks involved in pre-marital sex and to improve their life skills. The material is presented in story form, in hopes that young people will identify with the characters. The topics and concepts of this booklet were drawn from studies conducted with youth in Kogi and Cross River states of Nigeria. The issues highlighted revolve around young people's ability to abstain or delay pre-marital sex in order to reduce their risk of HIV infection. …

  5. Impact of school-based HIV prevention program in post-conflict Liberia

    This paper presents findings of a feasibility study to adapt and evaluate the impact of an evidence-based HIV prevention intervention on sexual risk behaviors of in-school 6th grade youth in post-conflict Liberia (n = 812). The study used an attention-matched, group randomized controlled trial. Four matched pairs of elementary/middle schools in Monrovia, Liberia, were randomly assigned to either an adapted eight-module HIV prevention or a general health curriculum. Three- and nine-month impacts of the intervention on sexual risk behaviors and on mediating variables are presented. …

  6. Fear appeals in HIV-prevention messages: young people's perceptions in northern Tanzania

    The aims of the study were to elicit the perceptions of young people in Tanzania on the role of fear appeals in HIV-prevention messages and to identify important contextual factors that may influence young people's perceptions of HIV-prevention posters. A total of 10 focus groups were conducted to investigate the role of fear appeals using the extended parallel process model (EPPM) as a guide. …

  7. Reproductive health for refugees by refugees in Guinea IV: Peer education and HIV knowledge, attitudes, and reported practices

    Peer education has long been used to promote HIV awareness and reduce risk. However, little has been written about its use in refugee settings. This study aimed to assess whether refugee peer education could improve HIV knowledge, attitudes and practices among Guinean refugees. The study also assessed whether gender, age or formal education were more strongly associated to improved HIV outcomes than peer education. Data was collected through a cross-sectional survey of 889 men and women in 23 camps throughout the Forest Region, Guinea. …

  8. Reproductive Health/HIV and AIDS in Kenya

    Since the year 2000, the German Development Service (DED) has increased its engagement to combat HIV and AIDS through supporting a multisectoral approach in the hardest hit countries in sub-Sahara Africa. 90% of the Kenyan population lack financial resources and local access to adequate Reproductive Health services. This report gives an overview of this situation and analyzes the impact of HIV and AIDS on the public and private sector.áá

  9. Les questions posées le plus souvents par les adolescents sur VIH/SIDA et la nouvelle génération et leurs réponses. Vol. 5.

    Le Programme Santé et Lutte contre le Sida de la GTZ a élaboré avec des adolescents un ensemble de 5 livrets abordant l'adolescence, les relations hommes-femmes, les rapports sexuels, les relations saines, le VIH et sida et la nouvelle génération. Il s'agit d'une adaptation aux besoins et aux réalités de la Guinée d'une précédente collection de livrets produite pour la Tanzanie. Ce cinquième livret est consacré aux questions liées aux VIH/SIDA et à la nouvelle génération (les modes de transmission, les moyens de se protéger, la vie lorsqu'on a contracté le virus.). …

  10. A Escola na Prevenção das DST/VIH/SIDA - Manual de Apoio ao Professor

    Este manual constituí em grande parte uma tradução de outro manual de Républica Centro-Africana " La pévention du SIDA en milieu scolaire ". Foi elaborado pelo Ministério da Educação de Angola e tem como objectivo de servir de documento de referência e de instrumento de trabalho às equipas pedagógicas e aos professores na realização das suas actividades, e de favorecer os próprios alunos na aquisição de conhecimentos, e sobretudo de competências necessárias para análise, compreensão e resolução correcta, de forma individual ou colectiva, dos problemas das DST/HIV/SIDA, no meio escolar. …

  11. HIV/SIDA Cuidados básicos

    Esta revista, elaborada pela N'Weti, é parte de um projecto regional de comunicação para a saúde que inclui alguns países do sul da Africa como o Botswana, o Lesotho e o Moçambique. É destinada aos jovens e responde a todo o tipo de perguntas relacionadas com os meios de transmissão do vírus, a utilização do preservativo, o tratamento anti-retroviral (TARV), as várias fases do HIV, como viver com o vírus, as mulheres seropositivas e a gravidez, os bebés e o HIV. As fotografias e as imagens ajudam a responder a todo o tipo de interrogações que os jovens podem ter acerca do HIV/SIDA. …

  12. HIV/SIDA Saiba mais... viva mais

    Esta revista foi elaborada pela N'Weti, uma ONG moçambicana apoiada pela Soul City Institute. É destinada as crianças e aos jovens e responde a todo o tipo de perguntas relacionadas com o HIV/SIDA. Os meios de transmissao do vírus, a utilizaçao do preservativo, o tratamento anti-retroviral (TARV), as várias fases do HIV, como viver com o vírus, as mulheres seropositivas e a gravidez, os bebés e o HIV. As fotografias e as imagens ajudam a responder a todo o tipo de interrogaçoes que os jovens podem ter acerca do HIV/SIDA. …

  13. Bué Fixe! Yba Guay, cantor, Entrevista Exclusiva

    Bué Fixe é uma revista feita por jovens e para jovens que fala sobre o vírus VIH/SIDA. Apoiada pelo UNICEF e ONGs como Cidadaos do Mundo e Linha Africana, a revista de dez páginas é impressa em Sao Tomé e Príncipe. A Bué Fixe é distribuída gratuitamente em escolas, centros culturais e associaçoes juvenis, havendo a ideia de as próximas ediçoes serem enviados a regioes como Caué e Lembá. Além do VIH/SIDA, a revista Bué Fixe contém artigos sobre artistas de música, desportistas mas também sobre o funcionamento da internet e de programas como o msn massenger. …

  14. Bué Fixe! Gorreti Pina, Estilista Santomense: "Prevenir, prevenir, prevenir porque a sida não se vê"

    Bué Fixe é uma revista feita por jovens e para jovens que fala sobre o vírus VIH/SIDA. Apoiada pelo UNICEF e ONGs como Cidadaos do Mundo e Linha Africana, a revista de dez páginas é impressa em Sao Tomé e Príncipe. A Bué Fixe é distribuída gratuitamente em escolas, centros culturais e associaçoes juvenis, havendo a ideia de as próximas ediçoes serem enviados a regioes como Caué e Lembá. Além do VIH/SIDA, a revista Bué Fixe contém artigos sobre artistas de música, desportistas mas também sobre o funcionamento da internet e de programas como o msn massenger. …

  15. Bué Fixe! Gapa, Músico Santomense: "Antes de fazeres sexo pensa em ti e na tua companheira usando o preservativo!"

    Bué Fixe é uma revista feita por jovens e para jovens que fala sobre o vírus VIH/SIDA. Apoiada pelo UNICEF e ONGs como Cidadaos do Mundo e Linha Africana, a revista de dez páginas é impressa em Sao Tomé e Príncipe. A Bué Fixe é distribuída gratuitamente em escolas, centros culturais e associaçoes juvenis, havendo a ideia de as próximas ediçoes serem enviados a regioes como Caué e Lembá. Além do VIH/SIDA, a revista Bué Fixe contém artigos sobre artistas de música, desportistas mas também sobre o funcionamento da internet e de programas como o msn massenger. …

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