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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Water, sanitation and hygiene standards for schools in low-cost settings

    Adequate provision of water supply, sanitation, hygiene and waste management in schools has a number of positive effects and contributes to a reduced burden of disease among children, staff and their families. Such interventions also provide opportunities for greater gender equity in access to education, and create educational opportunities to promote safe environments at home and in communities. This document provides guidance on water, sanitation and hygiene required in schools. …

  2. Assessment of knowledge and practice of menstrual hygiene among high school girls in Western Ethiopia

    Background: The issue of menstrual hygiene is inadequately acknowledged and has not received proper attention. Use of sanitary pads and washing the genital area are essential practices to keep the menstrual hygiene. Unhygienic menstrual practices can affect the health of the girls and there is an increased vulnerability to reproductive tract infections and pelvic inflammatory diseases and other complications. Therefore, the objective of this study was to assess the knowledge and practice of menstrual hygiene among high school girls at Nekemte town, Oromia region, Western Ethiopia. …

  3. The role of schools in supporting HIV-affected children in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review

    Aim: To establish an overview of school-based interventions carried out to support the health and well-being of vulnerable children in Zimbabwe and similar socio-economic contexts in sub-Saharan Africa. Methods: A literature search was carried out in Web of Knowledge using combinations of the following search terms: support, intervention, school, child, Zimbabwe, sub-Saharan Africa, health, well-being, inclusion and enrolment. A total of 12 articles were identified as relevant to the research question and included in this review. …

  4. Training of trainers manual on school health

    This manual is made up of 7 modules: Module 1 Comprehensive School Health Programme; Module 2 Nutrition and Healthy Lifestyle; Module 3 Mental Health and Psychosocial Well-being; Module 4 Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights; Module 5 WASH - Water, Sanitation and Hygiene; Module 6 Learners with Diverse Needs; Module 7 Violence Against Children. Every module is further divided into units dealing with s specific topic. The purpose of this structure is to help organise the content in a logical manner and make it easier to access information on a particular topic

  5. Programa nacional de saude escolar 2005-2010

    Objectivos: Geral: Contribuir para o desenvolvimento das crianças do Pré-Escolar e do Ensino Básico concorrendo para a melhoria do nível de saúde e de educação através de promoção da saúde e prevenção das doenças bem como de aprendizagem de qualidade. Específicos: 1. Alargar a educação em matéria de saúde ao Pré-escolar, contribuindo para o aumento do acesso no Pré-escolar e para a equidade nesse subsistema. 2. Consolidar e institucionalizar a educação em matéria de saúde no Ensino Básico. 3. Assegurar a integração curricular dos conteúdos de educação em matéria de saúde. 4. …

  6. Length of secondary schooling and risk of HIV infection in Botswana: evidence from a natural experiment

    Background An estimated 2.1 million individuals are newly infected with HIV every year. Cross-sectional and longitudinal studies have reported conflicting evidence for the association between education and HIV risk, and no randomised trial has identified a causal effect for education on HIV incidence. We aimed to use a policy reform in secondary schooling in Botswana to identify the causal effect of length of schooling on new HIV infection. …

  7. School health minimum package

    A comprehensive, holistic approach encourages each school to look at its whole school community and develop an environment and culture that promote healthy ways of living. A Comprehensive School Health framework combines four main elements: Health Education, Health and Support Services, Social Support and the Physical Environment. It involves the active participation of all members of the school community in creating action plans that make their school a healthier place. …

  8. School health and nutrition: Teacher's guide

    This guide for promoting SHN is intended to: Provide information on the SHN Programme and how to establish a Health Promoting School; Provide basic information and procedures on the drugs for treatment of intestinal worms, bilharzia and micronutrient supplements like Vitamin A and Iron; Provide the knowledge and skills in the use of the bilharzia questionnaire, tablet pole, SHN card, monitoring tool, treatment forms, drug request and retirement forms: Provide basic information on school community partnership and how to develop action plans to promote SHN; Assist teachers in treating at least 7 …

  9. Integrated school health policy

    The general objective of this school health policy is to guide the provision of a comprehensive, integrated school health programme which is provided as part of the primary health care (PHC) package within the Care and Support for Teaching and Learning (CSTL) framework. …

  10. National school health policy

    The goals of the National School Health Policy are to: i. Enhance the quality of health in the school community; ii. Create an enabling environment for inter-sectoral partnership in the promotion of child friendly school environment, for teaching and learning and health development. The objectives of the National School Health Policy are to: i. Provide the necessary legal framework for mobilization of support for the implementation of the School Health Programme; ii. …

  11. School health and nutrition guidelines. Together for healthy productive schools

    These School Health and Nutrition (SHN) Guidelines put the Strategy into action. They are derived from the SHN strategy, guiding principles and the four components of the FRESH (Focusing Resources on School Health and Nutrition) approach namely: policies and standards, essential SHN services, productive school environment that is safe and sanitary, and skills based education. The objectives of the Guidelines are to help partners to: 1. Improve coordination, monitoring and evaluation; 2. Maximize resource use in a transparent manner and reduce duplication; 3. …

  12. Guidelines for the implementation of the health promoting schools initiative (HPSI)

    The purpose of this document is to provide guidelines that should be used by persons who are responsible for developing and implementing strategic school health programs. This information will facilitate the development of the Health Promoting School Initiative (HPSI) and identification of appropriate activities at national, regional/provincial, district, sub district, community and school levels.

  13. National school health policy and implementation guidelines

    This document contains:- A description of the policy development process; - The rationale and context for the policy; - An outline of the main health needs of school-aged children; - The vision, mission, principles and main objectives; - A package of school health service activities; - A framework for monitoring and evaluation; - Implementation guidelines.

  14. Do South African learners stigmatize HIV/AIDS infected peers?

    The results of this Brief point to an increased significance of strengthening educational programmes and policies in the schooling sector as South Africa strives to reduce not only the prevalence of HIV and AIDS but also to develop positive learner attitudes among children of school going age. …

  15. Young people's understanding of HIV: a qualitative study among school students in Mankweng, South Africa

    This article describes young people's interpretation of HIV, AIDS and sexually transmitted illness in a rural South African community in Mankweng, Limpopo Province. Method: The study was based on 19 focus group discussions with adolescents aged 12-14 years. Results: Our participants had limited knowledge about HIV from a biomedical perspective. Their understanding and interpretations of HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases were largely informed by traditional and religious belief systems that explain how and why people contract an illness via sexual intercourse. …

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