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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Gaps in global monitoring and evaluation of adolescent and youth reproductive health

    Adolescents and youth are a key population for reproductive health (RH) interventions, because young people suffer disproportionately from negative RH outcomes, including acquisition of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections; unintended, unwanted, or mistimed pregnancy; unsafe abortion; and gender-based violence. Effective monitoring and evaluation (M&E) of RH interventions designed for adolescents and youth is essential to determine their success and impact and show where improvement is needed. …

  2. Regional report: sexual and reproductive health laws and policies in selected Arab countries

    This report is an attempt to provide a bird’s eye view on the situation of legislative tools and frameworks in selected Arab countries with regard to key issues related to reproductive health. Legislative environment is an enabling factor that creates supportive space and mechanisms to effect systemic, societal and individual change. This regional analysis is a starting point that should be built on to develop in depth analyses on the national levels to identify gaps and propose bridging and corrective measures.

  3. Youth participation in HIV and sexual and reproductive health decision-making, policies, programmes: perspectives from the field

    The purpose of this article was to present the current state of evidence and experience of youth participation approaches in HIV and sexual and reproductive health decision-making, policies and programmes. By combining a literature review of evaluation evidence with in-depth interviews and a global survey targeting young people with the experience of participation, this study opens a new window into the support needs for meaningful youth participation globally. …

  4. Policy outcome and challenges of sexual and reproductive health and rights in Ghana: what is the role of parliament?

    While considerable progress has been made in the development of policies, legislations and outcome, significant gaps in ensuring universal access to reproductive health and rights still remain. The inconsistency in the Children's Act which stipulates the marriage age at 18 and the Criminal Code which also specifies the legal age of consent regarding sex at age 16 may be a reflection of the increasing numbers of early pregnancies, infant and child mortalities, and high prevalence of HIV among girls and women among others. …

  5. Beyond barriers: Recommendations for adolescent sexual and reproductive health policies and programs in Belize, Guatemala, and Honduras

    Beyond Barriers explores the adolescent sexual and reproductive health context in three Central American countries: Belize, Guatemala, and Honduras. The publication provides case studies of our work in each country, synthesizes the latest research regarding the barriers to providing young people with sexual and reproductive health information and services, and makes recommendations for addressing the barriers. …

  6. Ensuring youth’s right to participation and promotion of youth leadership in the development of sexual and reproductive health policies and programs

    The purpose of this article was to reflect on the concepts of adolescence and youth, summarize models and frameworks developed to conceptualize youth participation, and assess research that has attempted to evaluate the implementation and impact of youth participation in the field of sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR).The authors searched and critically reviewed relevant published reports and “gray literature” from the period 2000–2013. …

  7. Youth participation in HIV and sexual and reproductive health decision-making, policies, programmes: perspectives from the field

    The purpose of this article was to present the current state of evidence and experience of youth participation approaches in HIV and sexual and reproductive health decision-making, policies and programmes. By combining a literature review of evaluation evidence with in-depth interviews and a global survey targeting young people with the experience of participation, this study opens a new window into the support needs for meaningful youth participation globally. …

  8. Increasing investments in the sexual and reproductive health and wellbeing of adolescents and young people in Ghana

    Young people in every society constitute both the current and potential human capital of a nation’s development. In order to ensure that young people have a fulfilling sexual and reproductive life, appropriate investments must be made in their health and socio-economic well-being.

  9. Learners’ perspectives on the provision of condoms in South African public schools

    A stubborn health challenge for learners in South African public schools concerns sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR). In 2015, the Department of Basic Education (DBE) proposed the provision of condoms and SRHR-services to learners in schools. This study aimed to contribute to the finalisation and implementation of DBE’s policy by exploring learners’ perspectives on the provision of condoms and SRHR-services in schools. …

  10. Adolescent friendly health corners (AFHCS) in selected government health facilities in Bangladesh: an early qualitative assessment. Research report

    With high rates of early marriage, especially among girls, a significant proportion of adolescents in Bangladesh need sexual and reproductive health services (SRH), including contraceptive information and services. Married women, including married adolescents, currently have access to these services through public sector. Unmarried adolescents do not have access to SRH information and services through public sector facilities. …

  11. Adolescent sexual and reproductive health: scoping the impact of programming in low- and middle-income countries

    Adolescence (10-19 years old) is a critical period in life, during which people undergo extensive biological, psychological and social changes. During this time, sexual and reproductive health can pose serious challenges for adolescents and programming needs to be effective in addressing this important health area. This scoping paper assesses the state of evidence around adolescent sexual and reproductive health (ASRH), exploring the supply of and demand for evidence on the impact of ASRH programming in low- and middle-income countries. …

  12. The demographic dividend in Africa relies on investments in the reproductive health and rights of adolescents and youth: policy brief

    A demographic dividend can occur during a window of opportunity created by reductions in child mortality and a demographic shift to fewer dependent people relative to working-age individuals. The full realization of the sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) of adolescents and youth (ages 10 to 24) can facilitate gains in their health, well-being, and educational attainment. …

  13. Vanuatu: sexual and reproductive health rights needs assessment

    The purpose of this SRHR Needs Assessment was to review progress on Vanuatu’s ICPD and MDG commitments to achieving universal access to reproductive health (MDG Target 5B), with particular focus on ensuring Vanuatu citizens’ SRHR are prioritised and maintained through all aspects of service planning and delivery. Areas of focus included access to family planning information and services, and to a range of appropriate commodities to meet the needs of all groups within communities. …

  14. Kiribati: sexual and reproductive health rights needs assessment

    The purpose of this needs assessment is to establish the level to which the SRP rights and needs of the population of Kiribati have been met and to assess what needs have not been met. This report provides an overview of the existing available sexual and reproductive health services in Kiribati, identifies the gaps, issues and challenges that exist and provides recommendations to improve rights based sexual and reproductive health services in Kiribati. The SRHR Needs Assessment included a comprehensive literature review and in-country qualitative and quantitative data collection. …

  15. Kingdom of Tonga: sexual and reproductive health rights needs assessment

    The purpose of this needs assessment is to establish the level to which the SRP rights and needs of the population of Tonga have been met and to assess what needs have not been met. This report provides an overview of the existing available sexual and reproductive health services in Tonga, identifies the gaps, issues and challenges that exist and provides recommendations to improve rights based sexual and reproductive health services in Tonga.

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