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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Survive, thrive, transform: global strategy for women’s, children’s and adolescents’ health (2016–2030). 2018 monitoring report: current status and strategic priorities

    The report sets out the status of women’s, children’s and adolescents’ health, and on health systems and social and environmental determinants. Regional dashboards on 16 key indicators highlight where progress is being made or lagging. There is progress overall, but not at the level required to achieve the 2030 goals. There are some areas where progress has stalled or is reversing, namely neonatal mortality, gender inequalities and health in humanitarian settings. …

  2. #WhatWomenWant: a transformative framework for women, girls and gender equality in the context of HIV and sexual and reproductive health and rights

    The report is based on six months of consultations with adolescent girls and young women around the world. It calls for sustained investment in women-led partnerships and civil society in order to advance gender equality and meet the ambitious targets set in the Sustainable Development Goals.

  3. Gender-responsive HIV programming for women and girls

    This guidance note is intended to guide countries on how to include a gender perspective and promote equality and human rights for women and girls in their national HIV responses, drawing upon the latest technical developments, guidelines and investment approaches. The inclusion of a gender perspective for women and girls into national HIV responses is important because they continue to be profoundly affected by HIV. As such, addressing their needs is a prerequisite to effectively responding to the epidemic. …

  4. Integrating gender and gender-based violence into HIV programs

    The vision of the Mozambique President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) Gender-Based Violence Initiative (GBVI) is to reduce incidence of gender-based violence (GBV) and to create a social and institutional environment that protects women and girls and offers services of protection and help to survivors. A joint U.S. Government, Government of Mozambique, and civil society team led and developed the GBVI plan, which was informed by a wide stakeholder consultation held in August 2010. …

  5. UNAIDS gender assessment tool: Towards a gender-transformative HIV response

    The Gender assessment tool for national HIV responses is intended to assist countries assess their HIV epidemic, context and response from a gender perspective, helping them to make their HIV responses gender transformative and (as such) more effective. The Tool is specifically designed to support the development or review of national strategic plans (NSP) and to inform submissions to both country investment cases and the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (GFATM).

  6. Women and girls and HIV/AIDS in Ethiopia

    This document is an assessment of the policy and legal framework protecting the rights of women and girls in Ethiopia and reducing their vulnerability to HIV/AIDS UNFPA has commissioned this study as part of its HIV/AIDS and gender development program. The overall objectives of the study were to: 1. identify gaps in the existing policies and legal frameworks, and offer concrete recommendations to fill the gaps; 2. document the existing policies and legal frameworks, together with references to international instruments; 3. …

  7. Are women at the centre? A critical review of the new NSP response to women's sexual and reproductive rights

    One of the recognised challenges of the national AIDS response has been the lack of adequate programmes and interventions aimed at protecting and advancing women’s sexual and reproductive rights and health needs in the context of HIV. The new National Strategic Plan on HIV, STIs and TB, 2012 – 2016 (NSP) was launched on 01 December 2011, making it thus crucial to review the new policy document designed to strategically guide the national response to HIV for the next five years. …

  8. What's the budget? Where's the staff? Moving from policy to practice: an update on institutional responses to the intersection between violence against women and girls and HIV

    In 2007, the Women Won't Wait Campaign started to monitor policies, programming and funding priorities of key multilateral and bilateral agencies to assess their response to the twin, intersecting crises of HIV and violence against women and girls. We also asked whether these efforts were gender transformative and advanced women's human rights or whether they adopted an instrumentalist approach to gender equality. What's the budget? …

  9. Framework for women, girls and gender equality in national strategic plans on HIV and AIDS in southern and eastern Africa

    The Women, Girls, and Gender Equality NSP Framework identifies key priorities and sample interventions for addressing women, girls, and gender equality in the development of the next generation of NSPs, and is also intended to serve as an assessment tool for on-going reviews of NSPs. The Framework consolidates the evidence-base, including good practice, around women and girls in the context of HIV in southern and eastern Africa and has been collaboratively developed by experts from civil society, academic research centres, and the United Nations.

  10. Intimate partner violence, relationship power inequity, and incidence of HIV infection in young women in South Africa: a cohort study

    Cross-sectional studies have shown that intimate partner violence and gender inequity in relationships are associated with increased prevalence of HIV in women. Yet temporal sequence and causality have been questioned, and few HIV prevention programmes address these issues. The article assessed whether intimate partner violence and relationship power inequity increase risk of incident HIV infection in South African women. …

  11. Políticas e Diretrizes de Prevenção das DST/AIDS entre Mulheres

    Como parte de suas atribuições, a Coordenação Nacional de DST e Aids (CNDST/AIDS) vem definindo diretrizes nacionais no âmbito da implantação e aprimoramento de políticas e estratégias relacionadas à assistência e prevenção da epidemia pelo HIV no país.Entendendo que em todas as suas atividades os princípios de sustentabilidade, descentralização e integração devem ser contemplados, a CN-DST/Aids aplica esforços no sentido de garantir neste processo a participação de atores diretamente ligados às ações implementadas junto aos diferentes segmentos da população, como as organizações nãogovernamen …

  12. Reducing adolescent girls' vulnerability to HIV infection: examining microfinance and sustainable livelihood approaches. A literature and program review

    Increasing women's access to income and productive resources is one of the five priority gender strategies of the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (Emergency Plan) (PL 108-25). Part 1 of this literature and program review focuses on youth-centered programs to prevent HIV infection among vulnerable female adolescents - including microfinance (MF) and sustainable livelihood programs. Part 2 analyzes the relationship between microfinance and HIV prevention in the general population, with a focus on women and the oldest adolescents in the target group. …

  13. ADITHI : a journey of 15 years for the women by the women and of the women

    The goal of ADITHI (Agriculture, Animal husbandry, Dairy, Industries, Tree Plantation, Handicrafts, Handlooms, Horticulture, Home-Based Workers, Integration of women in the key economic sectors) are empowerment and advancement of resoourceless women and girl children through awareness generation programmes, leadership development, livelihood and income generation programmes in key economic sectors by forming self-sustainable groups. The report recounts the experiences of ADITHI in the past fifteen years.

  14. A practical approach to gender-based violence: a programme guide for health care providers and managers

    The programme guide contains practical steps needed to integrate measures on gender-based violence into reproductive health facilitites. It is also meant to help readers to understand the connections between reproductive and sexual health and violence. The guide was prepared for health care providers and managers but can also be used as a reference guide for advocacy purposes.

  15. Mainstreaming gender into the Kenya National Strategic Plan 2000-2005

    The gender analysis and mainstreaming strategies contained in this document are centrally informed by two National AIDS Control Council commissioned field studies carried out in October 2001 and May 2002. The findings of the field studies illustrate how the different attributes and roles societies assign to males and females profoundly affect their ability to protect themselves against HIV/AIDS and cope with its impact. …

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