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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Situational analysis on SRH/HIV integration in Zambia

    To contribute to the achievement of RH and HIV integration, SAfAIDS and Youth Vision Zambia in partnership with Population Action International commissioned a 15 days rapid situation analysis to establish the current national baseline of existing national policies, HIV and RH integration programmes and opportunities for advocacy for increased integration. …

  2. The response of higher education institutions in Africa to the HIV and AIDS epidemic: synthesis of four sub-regional surveys in sub-Saharan Africa

    The Association of African Universities (AAU) runs an HIV and AIDS Programme dubbed 'African Universities Responding to HIV and AIDS' which aims at ensuring that the higher education community in Africa uses all available means to prevent the spread, mitigate the impact and manage the HIV and AIDS epidemic. …

  3. The Implementation of HIV/AIDS workplace programme in the Ministry of Education in Zambia

    The aim of this research is to establish the factors influencing the implementation of the Ministry of Education HIV/AIDS workplace programme in Zambia in order to provide guidelines to make it sustainable. This study is important to identify why the implementation of the workplace Programme has been difficult. This research was based on document analysis, direct observations and the use of semi structured interviews with key staff involved with the implementation of the workplace programme. …

  4. Adolescent sexual and reproductive health in Malawi: a synthesis of research evidence

    The primary goal of this report is to summarize what is known about adolescent sexual and reproductive health in Malawi and to identify knowledge and program gaps requiring further research and program action. …

  5. Using research to influence sexual and reproductive health practice and implementation in Sub-Saharan Africa: a case-study analysis

    Research institutions and donor organizations are giving growing attention to how research evidence is communicated to influence policy. In the area of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and HIV there is less weight given to understanding how evidence is successfully translated into practice. Policy issues in SRH can be controversial, influenced by political factors and shaped by context such as religion, ethnicity, gender and sexuality. …

  6. Social outcome expectations regarding delayed sexual debut among adolescents in Mankweng, South Africa

    Aims: To describe outcome expectations related to delayed sexual transition, to examine the dimensionality and internal consistency of such expectations, and to examine variations in social outcome expectations across subgroups defined by demographic variables, indicators of socioeconomic status and predictors related to school and educational ambitions. Methods: Data stem from a survey among school students (grades 8-12) in Mankweng, Limpopo, South Africa (n=5,697). …

  7. Regional assessment on HIV-prevention needs of migrants and mobile populations in southern Africa

    Southern Africa continues to bear a disproportionate share of the global burden of HIV: 35% of HIV infections and 38% of AIDS-related deaths in 2007 occurred in this sub-region. Southern Africa also experiences high levels of population movement, voluntary or forced, and comprises a diversity of people, including contract labor migrants, irregular migrants, families of migrants, refugees, trafficked persons and mobile workers such as truck drivers and mine workers. Furthermore, migrants have loved ones back home, who may face their own vulnerabilities, as the family breadwinner is away. …

  8. A Multi-level Model of Sexual Behavior among Young people in Nyanza, Kenya

    Using data collected from 3645 sexually active grade 6 and 7 students from 160 schools and applying hierarchical linear models, this study estimates the impact of individual, school and community level variables on condom use among sexually experienced young people in Nyanza, Kenya. Based on the findings, the document recommends that AIDS prevention interventions take account not only of individual-level factors, but also school and community influences on the sexual behaviours of youth.

  9. Leveraging Opportunities to Integrate Reproductive Health Services Into HIV and AIDS Programming. Integrated HIV and AIDS Response in Manica Province, Mozambique: Project Lessons Learned and Models of Promising Practice

    Oxfam GB, in partnership with the Ministry of Health in Mozambique and with support from the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, launched a two-year project in August 2007 that aimed to increase access to and the quality of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and HIV and AIDS services, and to reduce the vulnerabilities associated with sexual and reproductive ill-health and HIV and AIDS, in Machaze and Mossurize Districts of Manica Province, Mozambique. …

  10. Intimate partner violence, relationship power inequity, and incidence of HIV infection in young women in South Africa: a cohort study

    Cross-sectional studies have shown that intimate partner violence and gender inequity in relationships are associated with increased prevalence of HIV in women. Yet temporal sequence and causality have been questioned, and few HIV prevention programmes address these issues. The article assessed whether intimate partner violence and relationship power inequity increase risk of incident HIV infection in South African women. …

  11. National poverty reduction strategies and HIV/AIDS governance in Malawi: a preliminary study of shared health governance

    The public health and development communities understand clearly the need to integrate anti-poverty efforts with HIV/AIDS programs. This article reports findings about the impact of the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) process on Malawi's National HIV/AIDS Strategic Framework (NSF). How does the PRSP process support NSF accountability, participation, access to information, funding, resource planning and allocation, monitoring, and evaluation? …

  12. Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health Behaviour in Dodowa, Ghana

    This report presents findings from a study of sexual and reproductive health status of inschool and out-of-school adolescents in Dodowa, Ghana, carried out in 2001. The research aim was to help design a program to address adolescents' unmet needs and promote safer behaviours. The research design used both qualitative and quantitative methods, including focus group discussions, PLA techniques and surveys. Students of Junior and Senior Secondary Schools, out-of-school adolescents, teachers, parents and community opinion leaders were included in the study.

  13. Supporting the educational needs of HIV-positive learners in Tanzania

    As part of a two-country study (with Namibia), TAMASHA was contracted by UNESCO to carry out research into the needs of children in school living with HIV and the extent to which their rights and needs were being fulfilled. This research was carried out by interviewing national policy-makers and officials, as well as district officials in Njombe District. Children living with HIV and others affected by AIDS were also interviewed, together with their parents, guardians and teachers, and organizations working with them in Dar-es-Salaam and Njombe District in Iringa Region. …

  14. Coordination for vulnerable children: Alliance Zambia's efforts to strengthen government and community OVC systems

    Alliance Zambia's experience implementing a programme to strengthen community support systems for orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) has highlighted coordination within government, and partnership between government and civil society, as essential building blocks for effective OVC support.

  15. Highly vulnerable children: 2008 country profile for Uganda

    This country profile for Uganda provides a snapshot of the range of agencies and programs working toward responding to emergency and long-term needs and improving the lives of highly vulnerable children. It is hoped that the Ministry of Gender, Labor, and Social Development; U.S. …

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