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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Highly vulnerable children: 2008 country profile for Uganda

    This country profile for Uganda provides a snapshot of the range of agencies and programs working toward responding to emergency and long-term needs and improving the lives of highly vulnerable children. It is hoped that the Ministry of Gender, Labor, and Social Development; U.S. …

  2. Supporting the educational needs of HIV-positive learners in Namibia

    As part of a two-country study (with Tanzania), RAISON was contracted by UNESCO to carry out research into the needs of children in school living with HIV and the extent to which their rights and needs were being fulfilled. Information for this study was derived from 76 respondents in Namibia who contributed to interviews and group discussions in February and March 2008. The research was designed to address the following questions: What barriers face HIV-positive learners in accessing education and staying at school? …

  3. Systems for Managing HIV and AIDS in Schools in Diverse Contexts

    South Africa is currently experiencing one of the most severe AIDS epidemics in the world with more than five million (or an estimated 11%) of the population living with HIV. For each person living with HIV, the impact is felt not only by the infected person, but it also impacts the lives of their families, friends and wider communities, significantly multiplying the effect. The aim of this project is to support schools to best manage the health and social needs of vulnerable children and educators infected and affected by HIV and AIDS. …

  4. AIDS and the accumulation and utilization of human capital in Africa

    Education is among the most prominent of the great challenges of development. This paper outlines the likely effects of the AIDS pandemic in Africa on the continent's ability to produce education and use it effectively for growth and poverty reduction. Four channels are explored. First, a supply effect: The deaths of millions of adults, and among them hundreds of thousands of teachers, will bring an increase in Africa's already relatively high fiscal burden of teacher salaries or the need to reduce the educational requirements of teachers. …

  5. Zambia HIV/AIDS Service Provision Assessment Survey 2005

    The 2005 Zambia HIV/AIDS Service Provision Assessment (ZHSPA) survey was designed to collect baseline information on the availability and quality of HIV/AIDS and related services in the formal health sector in Zambia. The survey collected information on the preparedness of health facilities to provide high-quality preventive services as well as care and support to people living with HIV/AIDS. …

  6. Balancing acts: AIDS review 2008

    Balancing acts looks at the ways in which public health and human rights have often been pulled into tension in dealing with HIV and AIDS and other related health issues. As the HIV and AIDS epidemics have unfolded in South Africa and the epidemic has become a generalised one, increasing tensions have developed between what is called the public health approach and the human rights approach. …

  7. Pioneers, partners, providers: the dynamics of civil society and AIDS funding in Southern Africa

    This report from the Open society initiative for Southern Africa and the Centre for AIDS Development Research and Evaluation examines the AIDS funding environment through a civil society lens. It presents and discusses findings from a six-country study access to AIDS funding by civil society organisations (CSOs) in southern Africa. The study draws upon data from 439 CSO conducting AIDS response activities as well as community case studies and interviews with a selection of donor institutions in Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Swaziland and Zambia. It focuses on the period 2001 to 2005.

  8. Accelerating the education sector response to HIV and AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa. A rapid situation analysis of 34 Countries

    In recent years, the education sector in low-income countries has come to play an increasingly important role in the health of the school-aged child. The sector has a key role in providing young people, especially girls, a chance to a productive and AIDS-free life, through the social vaccine of education. …

  9. The politics of HIV/AIDS in Uganda

    This paper traces Uganda's experience of HIV/AIDS, and the reaction of the government, civil society and communities of Uganda to the epidemic. The motives underlying the decision in 1986 of the National Resistance Movement (NRM) government to admit there was an HIV/AIDS epidemic in the country are examined. While the HIV prevalence rate was documented to have started dropping as of 1993, it was not until 2000 that President Yoweri Museveni began using the HIV/AIDS epidemic as a success story. …

  10. Protecting the next generation in Malawi. New evidence on adolescent sexual and reproductive health needs

    This report presents key findings from a new body of research that describes the sexual and reproductive health needs of Malawi's youth. The information was gathered from young Malawians themselves through focus group discussions, in-depth interviews and a nationally representative survey on sex, relationships, marriage, HIV/AIDS and pregnancy among young women and men aged 12-19. This report discusses in detail some of the challenges in and opportunities for improving the sexual and reproductive health of adolescents in Malawi. …

  11. Protecting the next generation in Ghana. New evidence on adolescent sexual and reproductive health needs

    This report presents key findings from a new body ofresearch that highlights the unmet sexual and reproductive health needs of 12-19-year-olds in Ghana. The results point to specific areas in which interventions for improving adolescent sexual and reproductive health might be targeted, and suggest that increased and sustained investment in sexual and reproductive health care for adolescents may provide enormous returns. …

  12. OVC Programmes in South Africa funded by the U.S. president's emergency plan for AIDS relief. Summary report for 32 case studies

    Despite the magnitude and dire consequences of the growing number of orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) in South Africa, and elsewhere in sub-Saharan Africa, there is insufficient documentation of the strategies deployed to improve the well-being of these children. In an attempt to fill these knowledge gaps, the U.S. President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (emergency plan)/South Africa commissioned Khulisa Management Services to research and write 32 case studies of emergency plan-funded OVC programmes in South Africa. …

  13. National plans of action for orphans and vulnerable children in sub-Saharan Africa. Where are the youngest children?

    In 2005, an estimated 48 million children aged 0-18 years, that is to say 12 percent of all children in sub-Saharan Africa, were orphans, and that number is expected to rise to 53 million by 2010. One quarter of all orphans are orphaned because of AIDS, and about 2.6 million children are currently infected with HIV. In response to the general awareness of the increasing number of these children, a global initiative to develop national plans of action (NPAs) for these orphans and vulnerable children (OVCs), or children affected by HIV and AIDS, has been launched. …

  14. Promoting adolescent sexual and reproductive health in East and Southern Africa

    In Africa, as in many parts of the world, adolescent reproductive health is a controversial issue for policy makers and programme planners. Adolescents are particularly vulnerable to HIV and AIDS and to a host of other problems such as sexually transmitted infection, unwanted pregnancy, unsafe abortions, sexual abuse, female genital mutilation and unsafe circumcision. Yet many countries don't have adolescent health policies and much remains to be done to ensure that adolescents can access appropriate sexual and reproductive health services. …

  15. Sexual and reproductive health of young people: experiences from Technical Cooperation Projects

    The document comprises a selection of 43 project examples representing 41 GTZ projects that are concerned with SRH of young people. Information for each project covers background information, project approach, results and experiences as well as outlook on future plans of the project.

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