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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Youth Policy Toolkit

    This website toolkit has over 100 full-text policies on youth reproductive health (YRH) spanning the globe. In addition, it contains policymaking resources (definitions, guiding principles, fact sheets, case studies, expert interviews, key publications, tools) and helpful links. It provides varied information depending on the person accessing it (YRH advocate, young person, policymaker, donor, program manager). …

  2. Social outcome expectations regarding delayed sexual debut among adolescents in Mankweng, South Africa

    Aims: To describe outcome expectations related to delayed sexual transition, to examine the dimensionality and internal consistency of such expectations, and to examine variations in social outcome expectations across subgroups defined by demographic variables, indicators of socioeconomic status and predictors related to school and educational ambitions. Methods: Data stem from a survey among school students (grades 8-12) in Mankweng, Limpopo, South Africa (n=5,697). …

  3. Kenya national HIV and AIDS communication strategy for youth, 2007

    This Communication Strategy provides a broad framework that will guide communication on youth and HIV and AIDS in Kenya for the next three years. It intends to address needs and gaps in communication programming identified in the areas of knowledge, skills and self-efficacy, capacity, coordination, policy support and utilisation of services. These issues were identified through a situation analysis conducted at the beginning of developing this strategy, and from consultations with stakeholders implementing HIV and AIDS programmes among the youth.

  4. HIV and AIDS strategic plan 2006/2007 - 2009/2010: Empower Kenyans to participate in the fight against HIV and AIDS

    This strategic plan will be implemented through all the Ministry's departments and affiliated parastatals and will seek to: (i) identify challenges that face in the Ministry in its war against HIV/AIDS; (ii) identify the Ministry's comparative advantages and exploit them in regard to HIV/AIDS; (iii) promte information sharing and management to enhance decision making; (iv) mainstream HIV/AIDS into core functions and activities of the Ministry; (v) address issues and challenges contained in the Public Sector Workplace Policy on HIV and AIDS in regard to this Ministry; (vi) mobilize the required …

  5. National reproductive health and HIV and AIDS integration strategy

    The integration of reproductive health (RH) and HIV and AIDS involves restructuring and reorienting health systems to ensure the delivery of HIV and AIDS services within the same sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services or delivery of SRH services within HIV and AIDS services, during the same hours. This strategy aims to provide a coherent framework to ensure improved coordination and collaboration among key agencies and organisations offering integrated RH and HIV and AIDS services. …

  6. Reproductive health policy

    The objectives of this reproductive health policy are: 1. To enhance reproductive health information and service provision so that all individuals and couples will be able to achieve their reproductive intentions while upholding their reproductive rights; 2. To strengthen the concept of integrated reproductive health through advocacy and IEC so as to ensure sustainability of integrated reproductive health programmes. …

  7. Framework for women, girls and gender equality in national strategic plans on HIV and AIDS in southern and eastern Africa

    The Women, Girls, and Gender Equality NSP Framework identifies key priorities and sample interventions for addressing women, girls, and gender equality in the development of the next generation of NSPs, and is also intended to serve as an assessment tool for on-going reviews of NSPs. The Framework consolidates the evidence-base, including good practice, around women and girls in the context of HIV in southern and eastern Africa and has been collaboratively developed by experts from civil society, academic research centres, and the United Nations.

  8. Regional assessment on HIV-prevention needs of migrants and mobile populations in southern Africa

    Southern Africa continues to bear a disproportionate share of the global burden of HIV: 35% of HIV infections and 38% of AIDS-related deaths in 2007 occurred in this sub-region. Southern Africa also experiences high levels of population movement, voluntary or forced, and comprises a diversity of people, including contract labor migrants, irregular migrants, families of migrants, refugees, trafficked persons and mobile workers such as truck drivers and mine workers. Furthermore, migrants have loved ones back home, who may face their own vulnerabilities, as the family breadwinner is away. …

  9. Reducing HIV Infection in Young Women in Southern Africa: The Key to Altering Epidemic Trajectories in a Generalized, Hyperendemic Setting

    This paper gives an overview of the HIV prevention battle in Southern Africa and supports the development of more balanced and innovative HIV prevention portfolio that adresses the real, immediate, and substantial risk facing young women from sub-Saharan African countries.

  10. A Multi-level Model of Sexual Behavior among Young people in Nyanza, Kenya

    Using data collected from 3645 sexually active grade 6 and 7 students from 160 schools and applying hierarchical linear models, this study estimates the impact of individual, school and community level variables on condom use among sexually experienced young people in Nyanza, Kenya. Based on the findings, the document recommends that AIDS prevention interventions take account not only of individual-level factors, but also school and community influences on the sexual behaviours of youth.

  11. Gender audit on Tanzania national response to HIV and AIDS: report

    This Gender Audit Report presents findings on the gender dimensions within the national response to HIV/AIDS in Tanzania. It was centred on the existing documents on policies, guidelines, advocacy and monitoring tools that are used in guiding the strategies for multisectoral national response. …

  12. Leveraging Opportunities to Integrate Reproductive Health Services Into HIV and AIDS Programming. Integrated HIV and AIDS Response in Manica Province, Mozambique: Project Lessons Learned and Models of Promising Practice

    Oxfam GB, in partnership with the Ministry of Health in Mozambique and with support from the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, launched a two-year project in August 2007 that aimed to increase access to and the quality of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and HIV and AIDS services, and to reduce the vulnerabilities associated with sexual and reproductive ill-health and HIV and AIDS, in Machaze and Mossurize Districts of Manica Province, Mozambique. …

  13. Intimate partner violence, relationship power inequity, and incidence of HIV infection in young women in South Africa: a cohort study

    Cross-sectional studies have shown that intimate partner violence and gender inequity in relationships are associated with increased prevalence of HIV in women. Yet temporal sequence and causality have been questioned, and few HIV prevention programmes address these issues. The article assessed whether intimate partner violence and relationship power inequity increase risk of incident HIV infection in South African women. …

  14. Standard Service Delivery Guidelines for Orphans and Vulnerable Children's Care and Support Programs

    The goal of OVC services in an effort to improve the general wellbeing of OVC. The objectives of the OVC Standard Service Delivery Guidelines include: To provide key OVC stakeholders with Standard Service Delivery Guidelines and an 1. implementation guide; To harmonize OVC service delivery thereby increasing access to and quality of care and 2. support; and to contribute to an OVC data management system for OVC issues. The OVC Standard Service Delivery Guidelines document has three parts. The first part deals with the background, guiding principles, and implementation at different levels. …

  15. Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health Behaviour in Dodowa, Ghana

    This report presents findings from a study of sexual and reproductive health status of inschool and out-of-school adolescents in Dodowa, Ghana, carried out in 2001. The research aim was to help design a program to address adolescents' unmet needs and promote safer behaviours. The research design used both qualitative and quantitative methods, including focus group discussions, PLA techniques and surveys. Students of Junior and Senior Secondary Schools, out-of-school adolescents, teachers, parents and community opinion leaders were included in the study.

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