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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. HIV Prevention Education and HIV-Related Policies in Secondary Schools -- Selected Sites, United States, 2006

    People engaging in risky behavior are at risk for contracting HIV infection. Health education programs in schools can reduce the prevalence of such behaviors among students. School policies on HIV can also protect the rights of HIV-infected students and staff and reduce the odds of transmission to others. This report analyzed School Health Profiles from 2006 across 36 states and 13 urban school districts in the U.S. …

  2. Reducing HIV Infection in Young Women in Southern Africa: The Key to Altering Epidemic Trajectories in a Generalized, Hyperendemic Setting

    This paper gives an overview of the HIV prevention battle in Southern Africa and supports the development of more balanced and innovative HIV prevention portfolio that adresses the real, immediate, and substantial risk facing young women from sub-Saharan African countries.

  3. Accelerating the response of the education sector to HIV and AIDS in the Caribbean region: the Port-of-Spain documents

    In June 2006 the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) and the government of Trinidad and Tobago hosted a high-level meeting of Ministers of Education and National AIDS Authorities from throughout the Caribbean Region, under the auspices of the CARICOM Council on Human and Social Development (COHSOD). This meeting in Port-of-Spain,Trinidad, was the 10th Special Meeting of COHSOD, and was entitled "Accelerating the Response of the Education Sector to HIV and AIDS in the Caribbean". …

  4. A Multi-level Model of Sexual Behavior among Young people in Nyanza, Kenya

    Using data collected from 3645 sexually active grade 6 and 7 students from 160 schools and applying hierarchical linear models, this study estimates the impact of individual, school and community level variables on condom use among sexually experienced young people in Nyanza, Kenya. Based on the findings, the document recommends that AIDS prevention interventions take account not only of individual-level factors, but also school and community influences on the sexual behaviours of youth.

  5. Rapid desk review of HIV/AIDS policies, strategies and programs of the international federation of Red-Cross and Red-Crescent societies

    Red-Cross commissioned a team to undertake a rapid desk review of the efforts and results of the Federation at various levels in the past 12 years in order to summarize the lessons to be learnt that would inform future action in the implementation of the resolve to scale up. Recommendations from the review would thus make future activities more effective and efficient. The review team feels unable to be prescriptive about future direction on the basis of information that was available for desk review. …

  6. Combining Community Approaches and Government Policy to Prevent HIV Infection in the Dominican Republic

    A recent Horizons study conducted jointly with two Dominican NGO - Centro de Orientación e Investigación Integral (COIN) and Centro de Promoción e Solidaridad Humana (CEPROSH) - and the National Program for the Control of STDs and AIDS (DIGECITSS) assessed the impact of two environmental-structural models in reducing HIV-related risk among female sex workers in the Dominican Republic and compared their cost-effectiveness. …

  7. Strengthening linkages for sexual and reproductive health, HIV and AIDS: progress, barriers and opportunities

    Strengthening linkages for sexual and reproductive health, HIV and AIDS: progress, barriers and opportunities is a report produced by the Health Resource Centre on behalf of the the British Government's Department for International Development in 2006. This review explores the policy, financing and institutional factors that enable or constrain the integration of sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) programmes, with policy and programmes for HIV prevention, and AIDS treatment and care. …

  8. Supporting the educational needs of HIV-positive learners in Tanzania

    As part of a two-country study (with Namibia), TAMASHA was contracted by UNESCO to carry out research into the needs of children in school living with HIV and the extent to which their rights and needs were being fulfilled. This research was carried out by interviewing national policy-makers and officials, as well as district officials in Njombe District. Children living with HIV and others affected by AIDS were also interviewed, together with their parents, guardians and teachers, and organizations working with them in Dar-es-Salaam and Njombe District in Iringa Region. …

  9. A handbook on best practices regarding HIV and AIDS for people with disabilities: services, policy advocacy, programming

    The goal of this handbook is to highlight some of the best practices around the world in HIV/AIDS services, programmes and policies for people with disabilities. This handbook is primarily aimed at organizations involved in or intending to be involved in programming and advocacy to influence or to develop policy and programmes in HIV/AIDS service delivery for Persons with Disabilities (PWDs). This includes both mainstream HIV/AIDS organizations, and those working primarily with/for people with disabilities. …

  10. Case study of the education response to HIV and AIDS in Papua New Guinea

    This report was commissioned by the Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID) on behalf of the National Department of Education (NDoE). Its main purpose is to provide an analysis of the education sector's contribution to the HIV and AIDS response in PNG. Specifically, this case study seeks to inform the Government of PNG and its partners of successful interventions, critical factors of success, and emerging challenges. In doing so, the study aims at bringing to the forefront perceptions and concerns of key stakeholders and highlighting examples of best practice from PNG. …

  11. Supporting the educational needs of HIV-positive learners in Namibia

    As part of a two-country study (with Tanzania), RAISON was contracted by UNESCO to carry out research into the needs of children in school living with HIV and the extent to which their rights and needs were being fulfilled. Information for this study was derived from 76 respondents in Namibia who contributed to interviews and group discussions in February and March 2008. The research was designed to address the following questions: What barriers face HIV-positive learners in accessing education and staying at school? …

  12. Report on the Study Visit between Botswana and Zambia on the Mainstreaming of HIV and AIDS in the TEVET Institutions

    This study which represents the first activity of an initiative under the small grants from UNESCO-UNEVOC has provided a platform for Botswana and Zambia to share experiences in mainstreaming HIV and AIDS into the TVET sector. The purpose of the study was to document the experiences, lessons learnt and challenges faced in mainstreaming HIV and AIDS in TVET in Botswana and Zambia. …

  13. University of Kwazulu-Natal HIV/AIDS Policy

    South Africa is facing one of the most serious challenges since the demise of apartheid, in the form of HIV/AIDS. The University of KwaZulu Natal (UKZN) is situated in one of the Provinces most affected by this pandemic where the high prevalence of HIV/AIDS is placing a huge demand on all sectors of service delivery, economic development, teaching and learning.

  14. Rapid Assessment Tool for Sexual and Reproductive Health and HIV Linkages. A Generic Guide

    Guía para la evaluación de servicios de salud sexual y reproductiva y su relación con el VIH. Este instrumento genérico cubre un amplio rango de temas relacionados a los vínculos, tales como politícas públicas, sistemas y servicios. El diseño de este instrumento tiene la finalidad de proporcionar una guía para evaluar vínculos que pueden adaptarse como necesarios a contextos regionales o nacionales sobre la base de ciertos factores. Se incentiva a los países a que revisen las preguntas, verifiquen el ámbito de la evaluación y la modifiquen de acuerdo al contexto local. El objetivo de este instrumento adaptable consiste en evaluar los vínculos bidireccionales entre el VIH y la SSR en el ámbito de políticas públicas, de sistemas y de prestación de servicios. Asimismo, tiene el propósito de identificar brechas y contribuir fundamentalmente al desarrollo de planes de acción orientados a países específicos para forjar y fortalecer dichos vínculos. Este instrumento se centra principalmente en el sector de la salud y puede adaptarse para cubrir otros sectores (educación, servicio social, y trabajo). Este instrumento puede utilizarse como una actividad independiente o integrarse a una revisión más amplia de la respuesta nacional. Se centra en preguntas que pueden responderse por medio de revisiones de gabinete y de entrevistas individuales o grupales (Secciones de Políticas Públicas y Sistemas), y de entrevistas individuales a diversos usuarios y proveedores de servicios (Sección de Prestación de servicios). Estos enfoques pueden complementarse con una variedad de otras metodologías de investigación, entre las que se incluyen: observaciones de los servicios, grupos focales de discusión entre encargados de la formulación de políticas públicas, proveedores de servicios y usuarios, recopilación de información de expedientes clínicos y encuestas realizadas por medio del del método "usuario simulado".

  15. Reducing the burden of HIV & AIDS care on women and girls. VSO policy brief

    This policy brief builds on VSO's earlier work, Gendering AIDS: women, men, empowerment, mobilisation, and highlights the crisis in delivering equitable health care for people living with HIV & AIDS, and the overwhelming burden it places on women and girls. It identifies changes that VSO is advocating for and provides recommendations to key stakeholders for policy and programme change.

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