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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. No one left behind: understanding key populations, achieving triple zeros by 2030

    This book focuses on 6 key populations, i.e. sex workers, people who inject drugs, men who have sex with men, transgender individuals, beach boys and prisoners. It describes reasons why these key populations are at higher risk of acquiring HIV infections, the current situation of Sri Lankan laws and how discrimination and social stigma prevent these particular key population groups approaching health care services. …

  2. Situational analysis of young people at high risk of HIV exposure in Thailand: Synthesis report

    The main goals of this project are to review the situation of young key affected populations (YKAP) HIV risk behaviours in Thailand, review the present policy and programmatic response for YKAP, identify gaps and promising practices for YKAP, and determine strategic future policy and programming interventions for YKAP. …

  3. Scan of law and policies affecting human rights, discrimination and access to HIV and health services by key populations in Pakistan

    The Scan of Laws and Policies Affecting Human Rights, Discrimination and Access to HIV and Health Services by Key Populations in Pakistan identifies the current status of legislation, policies, institutional frameworks in Pakistan that safeguard the universal human rights of the key affected populations with regard to the HIV prevention, care and treatment. …

  4. Population size estimation of key populations (Sierra Leone)

    This population size estimation (PSE) was undertaken in order to inform HIV prevention programming for key populations in the fight against HIV in Sierra Leone. This PSE focused on female sex workers (FSWs), men who have sex with men (MSM) and people who inject drugs (PWID) because these groups are typically the first and hardest affected by HIV, and addressing their needs to prevent HIV can prevent or diminish the effect of HIV/AIDS on the general population. …

  5. The Nepal HIV Investment Plan 2014-2016

    The investment plan for Nepal 2014-2016 emphasises the importance of focusing on Key Affected Populations (KAP), then goes one step further to disaggregate relevant KAP into sub-populations, guided by infection risk dynamics and context. The first priorities identified for prevention are: female sex workers who inject drugs on a regular basis (FSW WID); other people who inject drugs; street-based female sex workers ( FSW); transgender sex workers (TG SW) and male sex workers (MSW). …

  6. Blueprint for the provision of comprehensive care to gay men and other men who have sex with men (MSM) in Latin America and the Caribbean

    The tools discussed were intended to be designed for, and implemented primarily in health care settings. However, caution was urged during the consultation meeting that those activities should not be disconnected from other strategies, social services, and outreach programs, but rather an integral part of them; and the Regional Consultation focused mainly on gay and other MSM as the points of reference for MSM communities. …

  7. Exploratory study of the social contexts, practices and risks of men who sell sex in Southern and Eastern Africa

    The aim of the research presented in this report was to explore the social contexts, life experiences, vulnerabilities and sexual risks experienced by men who sell sex in Southern and Eastern Africa, with a focus on five countries; Kenya, Namibia, South Africa, Uganda and Zimbabwe (an in particular with research activities in the Kenya and Namibia). …

  8. CEPEHRG and Maritime, Ghana: Engaging new partners and new technologies to prevent HIV among men who have sex with men

    Many African MSM are surprised to discover that the sex they have with other men puts them at risk for acquiring the virus. The media and most prevention programming in the region consistently describe HIV vulnerability in terms of heterosexual risk, and many African MSM do not realize that they too are vulnerable. The few programs that do target this population face significant challenges in reaching MSM with the information and services they need. …

  9. Universal access from vulnerability to resilience: the Latin American and Caribbean strategic framework for strengthening national responses to HIV for gay men, other MSM and trans people

    This Regional Strategic Framework focuses on three core issues that are of utmost importance for the realization of the MDG 6 in Latin America and the Caribbean: evidence, human rights and capacity. Effective responses to HIV epidemics require robust and reliable information about who is affected by HIV and about what works in prevention and care. Effective responses also require attention to stigma and discrimination, which continue to undermine commitments and responses from both affected populations and community leaders. …

  10. Legal Environments, Human Rights and HIV Responses among Men who have Sex with Men and transgender People in Asia and the Pacific: An Agenda for Action

    The Asia Pacific region is truly at a critical moment in its response to HIV. One of the biggest and most immediate challenges is confronting the rapidly rising rates of infection among men who have sex with men and transgender people. This in a region already mired in long-running challenges from legal and social barriers that inhibit effective programming and resource allocation, and from deep-rooted stigma in health care settings. Urgent action is required. …

  11. VIH-SIDA en América Latina desde la perspectiva social

    Estudio sobre la respuesta al VIH en diez países de América Latina: Argentina, Colombia, Chile, Ecuador, El Salvador, Honduras, México, Nicaragua, Perú y República Dominicana. Se analiza la situación desde el punto de vista de políticas públicas, de salud y respeto a los derechos de las personas afectadas y/o grupos vulnerables. Se destacan avances y problemas, además de la actuación de la sociedad civil. El texto aporta los resultados del análisis de estudios realizados entre abril y agosto del 2008. Los ámbitos de la respuesta analizados corresponden a: 1. …

  12. VIH-SIDA en Uruguay: epidemia concentrada en sectores de mayor vulnerabilidad

    Nota publicada en el sitio web del Programa Prioritario de ITS y SIDA sobre la situación del VIH/SIDA en Uruguay. En un estudio realizado y publicado en diciembre de 2008, se reveló una baja prevalencia nacional, concentrada en los grupos más vulnerables. Se alcanzó una "meseta", es decir un control de la epidemia en la población general. Dos uruguayos por día eran notificados de la enfermedad, actualmente, la cifra descendió a uno, lo que demuestra que las acciones preventivas están dando sus frutos.

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