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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Adolescent friendly health corners (AFHCS) in selected government health facilities in Bangladesh: an early qualitative assessment. Research report

    With high rates of early marriage, especially among girls, a significant proportion of adolescents in Bangladesh need sexual and reproductive health services (SRH), including contraceptive information and services. Married women, including married adolescents, currently have access to these services through public sector. Unmarried adolescents do not have access to SRH information and services through public sector facilities. …

  2. Knowledge map of the multisectoral HIV and AIDS response programme in Namibia

    To mark the completion of the long-standing collaboration between GIZ and Namibia through the multisectoral HIV and AIDS programme, a decision was made to document the vast knowledge and many tools it developed in an accessible manner allowing for future use and potential scale-up of successful approaches. While the programme was launched in 2008, this document focuses on the second phase, thefive-year programme, from 2011- 2016. …

  3. A voucher for health: enabling young people in Uganda to access quality sexual and reproductive health services

    Young people in Uganda have significant unmet sexual and reproductive health (SRH) needs. This is particularly the case for young people from key populations. The prevalence of HIV among sex workers of all ages is between 35% and 37%, five times higher than the general population. Sex workers also face other serious sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) issues, including high rates of unintended pregnancies and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). The situation for young lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex people is also difficult. …

  4. Health promotion for sexual and reproductive health and HIV: strategic action plan, 2016 to 2019

    This strategic action plan sets out Public Health England’s (PHE) approach to improving the public’s sexual and reproductive health and reversing the HIV epidemic. PHE will use its expertise to enhance data and surveillance; to build on the evidence base for commissioning effective interventions; and to lead and support local, regional and national partners in the implementation of evidence-based public health interventions across the system.

  5. Hidden from health: structural stigma, sexual orientation concealment, and HIV across 38 countries in the European MSM Internet Survey

    Objective: Substantial country-level variation exists in prejudiced attitudes towards male homosexuality and in the extent to which countries promote the unequal treatment of MSM through discriminatory laws. The impact and underlying mechanisms of country-level stigma on odds of diagnosed HIV, sexual opportunities, and experience of HIV-prevention services, needs and behaviours have rarely been examined, however. Design: Data come from the European MSM Internet Survey (EMIS), which was administered between June and August 2010 across 38 European countries (N = 174 209). …

  6. Assessment of knowledge, attitude and practice towards VCT, among Jimma teachers training college students, Jimma town Oromia region, Southwestern Ethiopia, 2014

    HIV/AIDS is a disease of the human immune system caused by infection with human immune deficiency virus (HIV).According to Ministry of Health, in Ethiopia the highest prevalence of HIV is seen in the age group 15-24 years. VCT is internationally acknowledged as essential strategic for HIV prevention and also entry point to AIDS care.Voluntary counseling and testing is vitally important and one of the national strategy to control HIV/AIDS epidemics especially among young adults. …

  7. E-discussion - Young people and HIV

    E-discussion questions included: 1.What do you see as the challenges for young people in accessing services such as HIV testing and how can we overcome this? 2.Given that CAFOD’s HIV prevention approach is to give ‘full and accurate information on all forms on the effectiveness and limitations of all means of reducing the risks of HIV infection’ – what challenges does this lead to when working with young people? What HIV prevention work have you or partners done with young people? 3.Where is the best place for young people to access information on HIV and AIDS? …

  8. Mixed method evaluation of a passive mHealth sexual information texting service in Uganda

    The authors evaluate the impact of a health information intervention implemented through mobile phones, using a clustered randomized control trial augmented by qualitative interviews. The intervention aimed to improve sexual health knowledge and shift individuals towards safer sexual behavior by providing reliable information about sexual health. The novel technology designed by Google and Grameen Technology Center provided automated searches of an advice database on topics requested by users via SMS. It was offered by MTN Uganda at no cost to users.

  9. Vital signs: HIV infection, testing, and risk behaviors among youths — United States

    Background: In 2009, 6.7% of the estimated 1.1 million persons living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in the United States were youths (defined in this report as persons aged 13–24 years); more than half of youths with HIV (59.5%) were unaware of their infection. Methods: CDC used National HIV Surveillance System data to estimate, among youths, prevalence rates of diagnosed HIV infection in 2009 and the number of new infections (incidence) in 2010. …

  10. Assessing young unmarried men's access to reproductive health information and services in rural India

    The authors conducted a cross-sectional study using both qualitative and quantitative methods. Participants included 38 unmarried rural men in four focus-group discussions and a representative sample of 316 similarly profiled men, ages 17-22 years. Information was collected via survey on the men's socioeconomic characteristics; awareness, knowledge, and perceptions of family planning; attitudes toward future contraceptive use; intra-family communication; knowledge about STIs/HIV/AIDS; and access and use of condoms. …

  11. Outcomes of three different models for sex education and citizenship programs concerning knowledge, attitudes, and behavior of Brazilian adolescents

    This cross-sectional study describes three approaches to sex education in schools in three locations-- Rio de Janeiro, Belo Horizonte, and Salvador, all in Brazil. It compares knowledge, attitudes and practices related to sexuality, citizenship and gender among adolescents in schools with such programs, compared to controls in schools without them. Results show that the program in Salvador improved knowledge on sexuality and reproductive physiology, attitudes towards citizenship, and use of modern contraceptives compared to controls. …

  12. Responding to HIV and AIDS. A practitioner's guide to mainstreaming in development projects

    This guide is intended for managers and field staff of development projects supported by Misereor. It also addresses other development agencies and a wider public interested in HIV/AIDS mainstreaming. The guide provides comprehensive information on HIV/AIDS mainstreaming and shows how to translate the mainstreaming approach into practice. Many of the examples and explanations refer to Africa; nevertheless the guide is designed to be used also in Asian and Latin American countries. The guide is structured as follows: Chapter 1: Responding to HIV and AIDS. …

  13. Plan Strategique National de Lutte contre le VIH/SIDA 2006-2010

    Selon les données de l'EDS-III (Enquête Démographique et Sanitaire), le Cameroun est toujours en fin 2004 en contexte d'épidémie généralisée avec une prévalence moyenne de 5,5% dont 6,8% pour les femmes et 4,1% chez les hommes. Le groupe de jeunes de 15 à 24 ans est toujours considéré comme un groupe très vulnérable ; d'autres groupes ayant des comportements à hauts risques sont identifiés : il s'agit des hommes en tenue, les professionnelles de sexe et les camionneurs et les populations riveraines du Pipeline Tchad-Cameroun. …

  14. Manual clínico de alimentação e nutrição na assistência a adultos infectados pelo HIV

    O presente documento, elaborado pelo Programa Nacional de DST e Aids e Coordenação Geral de Alimentação e Nutrição do Ministério da Saúde, contou com a colaboração de profissionais da área de Nutrição e HIV/Aids de serviços e redes de apoio do país. O objetivo é trazer informação aos profissionais de saúde do Sistema Único de Saúde, envolvidos no aconselhamento e tratamento das pessoas vivendo com HIV e aids (PVHA). O objetivo deste material é servir de base na avaliação e aconselhamento nutricional. …

  15. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices survey: Baseline evaluation in Aragatsotn, Armavir, and Ararat Marzes

    The Primary Healthcare Reform Project is a five-year program funded by USAID. The project is designed to strengthen the Ministry of Health's capacity to introduce key reforms, which will increase access to high-quality primary health care services. Main activities of the project include renovating and equipping health facilities; training primary health care (PHC) providers; introducing open enrollment, a system whereby patients choose their PHC provider; supporting quality improvement; rationalizing healthcare financing; and providing public health education. …

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