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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Foundation for the future: meeting the psychosocial needs of children living with HIV in Africa

    This technical brief describes promising practices in critical services related to the psychological and social well-being of perinatally-infected children (aged 0 to 12 years) in Africa. These include the identification, testing, and counseling of children so that they are linked to appropriate support as early as possible, as well as the provision of ongoing PSS to help children and their families manage disclosure, stigma, and grief and bereavement processes. …

  2. Nigeria research situation analysis on orphans and other vulnerable children: country brief

    Addressing the needs of orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) and mitigating negative outcomes of the growing OVC population worldwide is a high priority for national governments and international stakeholders across the globe who recognize this as an issue with social, economic, and human rights dimensions. …

  3. Effects of Programs Supporting Orphans and Vulnerable Children: Key Findings, Emerging Issues, and Future Directions from Evaluations of Four Projects in Kenya and Tanzania

    This report provides a summary of key findings from evaluations of four programs, two in Kenya and two in Tanzania, supporting orphans and other vulnerable children (OVC). The overall aim of these evaluations was to ascertain the extent to which program interventions are effective in improving the well-being of OVC and their families, and the interventions' cost-effectiveness in achieving key outcomes. This report focuses on the overarching outcomes, emerging issues, and lessons learned from these evaluation studies of OVC programs. …

  4. Promoting and protecting the health of orphans and vulnerable children in Monkey Bay, Malawi

    Malawi has had a rising population of orphans and vulnerable children who are reported to lack care, food, educational opportunities and adult role models. Some of the coping strategies used by these children, such as early school dropout and child labour, combined with poor adult support, make them susceptible to risk of early onset of sex and to sexual and reproductive health problems, including HIV infection. …

  5. A Case Study: integrated AIDS program Thika, Kenya

    The global HIV and AIDS epidemic has affected sub-Saharan Africa more than any other region in the world. AIDS deaths in sub-Saharan Africa account for 72% of AIDS deaths worldwide. …

  6. The Impact of HIV/AIDS on Orphans and Programme and Policy Responses

    As policymakers assess the growing weight of the orphans and children affected by the AIDS burden, there are key policy challenges apparent. This chapter will outline these challenges and attempt to offer some solutions, although the complexity of the debate makes such an analysis difficult.

  7. The Impact of HIV/AIDS on Children: Lights and Shadows in the "Successful Case" of Uganda

    This chapter analyses the socio-economic impact of HIV/AIDS on children in Uganda, with specific focus on their health, education and social welfare, and on the current and future policy/programme responses in the field of prevention, treatment and mitigation.

  8. The Current and Future Impact of the HIV/AIDS Epidemic on South Africa's Children

    This chapter has three aims. One, to investigate the impacts of the HIV/AIDS epidemic upon the children of South Africa with a focus on health, welfare and education implications. Two, to examine the responses of families, communities, civil society and governments to the crisis confronting the children. Three, to critique those responses and offer alternatives, which may assist in improving the impacts on children.

  9. Taking Better Care? Review of a decade of work with orphans and vulnerable children in Rakai, Uganda

    This study was carried out between March and September 2003. It aims to inform policymakers at national and international levels about models of community-based care for children who have lost one or both parents (orphans) and vulnerable children - in particular, models which are sustainable and capable of delivering long-term benefits for children. …

  10. Republic of Malawi national policy on orphans and other vulnerable children

    The Government of Malawi is deeply concerned about the situation of orphans in the country. The HIV/AIDS pandemic is tragically claiming a lot of lives. More people in the productive age group (15 to 49 years) are becoming ill and dying leaving behind the elderly and the young to fend for themselves. Family structures are being disrupted and the continuing high levels of HIV infections mean that the HIV/AIDS pandemic will continue to exert more social and economic pressures on children, families and communities in Malawi. In the past the orphan problem posed no major challenges to society. …

  11. Predicting the social consequences of orphanhood in South Africa

    This paper examines and questions the predictions found in the academic and policy literature of social breakdown in Southern Africa in the wake of anticipated high rates of orphanhood caused by the AIDS epidemic. Analysis of the logic underlying these predictions reveals four causal relationships necessary to fulfil such dramatic and apocalyptic predictions:1. High AIDS mortality rates will produce high numbers of orphans.2. These orphans will become children who do not live in appropriate social environments to equip them for adult citizenship.3. …

  12. Orphan programming in Mozambique: Combining Opportunities for Development with Prevention and Care. Report of an assessment of programming in Mozambique for families and children affected by HIV/AIDS

    The purpose of this national assessment of children and families affected by HIV/AIDS is threefold: to reveiw Mozambiques's overall programming and policy for orphans and other children made vulnerable by the AIDS epidemic, to identify opportunities for development of community-based responses in a multi-sectorial planning context, and to work with UNICEF staff and others to mainstream programming across sectors.

  13. One in Two: Children are the key to Africa's future

    Children make up half the population of many African countries, and the proportion is growing.Yet, when it comes to decisions about Africa's problems and its future, they are rarely central to the debate. The role of protecting the poorest and most vulnerable children is left to the poorest government ministries.The poorest families are forced to pay for - or go without - healthcare for their children. …

  14. HIV/AIDS, Lagging Policy Response and Impact on Children: the case of Côte d'Ivoire

    The broad objective of this study is to determine the impact of HIV/AIDS on the child's well-being with a view to identifying the appropriate methods for mitigating these effects and finding objective arguments for making a case for urgent action.These objectives will be met by collecting secondary data though a review of existing documents on the subject on one part and by collecting primary data by a series of field interviews on the other hand. …

  15. Challenging dominant policy paradigms of care for children orphaned by AIDS: dynamic patterns of care in Kwazulu-Natal, Republic of South Africa

    Although caring for children orphaned by AIDS is increasingly acknowledged as a priority area for HIV/AIDS and development programs, there is limited knowledge on caregivers. Rapidly growing numbers of children orphaned by AIDS warrants increased attention from researchers, policy makers, and program planners. This paper explores dominant theoretical and policy paradigms of care for children orphaned by AIDS. …

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