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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. National implementation guidelines for HIV and STI programming among young key populations

    These guidelines aim to inform the design and implementation of interventions with young key populations (YKP), 15-24 years, specifically young women who sell sex, young men who have sex with men, and young people who inject drugs. The guidelines aim to accelerate the HIV response to end new HIV infections among young key populations. …

  2. Empowering each other: young people who sell sex in Ethiopia

    Sex workers are amongst those most affected by HIV and sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) issues in Ethiopia. Stigma and discrimination towards sex workers affects their ability to access SRHR information, education and services. In 2014, the Link Up project in Ethiopia implemented a model of peer education and outreach to empower young people who sell sex (aged 15 – 24 years) and increase their access to HIV and SRHR services. The Link Up project seeks to improve the sexual and reproductive health and rights of young people most affected by HIV. …

  3. Plan stratégique national de lutte contre le SIDA 2014-2017

    Le Plan Stratégique National de Lutte contre le Sida (PSN 2014-2017 fait suite à la revue du PSN 2012-2016. Il vise à doter le pays d’un outil de gestion de la réponse nationale mais aussi de mobilisation des ressources pour la financer. Il présente la situation de départ fondée sur l’analyse épidémiologique et sociale de l’épidémie ainsi que les résultats de la riposte antérieure.

  4. National strategic plan for HIV prevention, care and treatment for sex workers: Leveraging a public health and human rights approach for HIV and sex work programming in South Africa

    The key priorities to improve South Africa’s response to the HIV and STI epidemics among sex workers are: Scaling-up of a comprehensive prevention package to achieve significantly increased coverage, particularly of ‘hidden’ sex workers; Improving the quality of HIV, STIs and TB prevention services; Building the technical skills and organizational capacity of Community-Based Organisations (CBOs) and the National Sex Worker Network; Strengthening the involvement of sex workers in the HIV and AIDS response through community development and mobilization; Strengthening the partnership between Gove …

  5. HIV prevention among vulnerable populations: the Pathfinder International approach

    This publication provides a background in the risks faced by populations especially vulnerable to HIV and AIDS. The document outlines strategies effective in prevention of HIV and AIDS among sex workers, men who have sex with other men, and injecting drug users. Programs described include peer education, comprehensive health services and quality of treatment, provider referral networks, and in-service training and sensitization.

  6. Silenced and forgotten: HIV and AIDS agenda setting paper for women living with HIV, sex workers and LGBT individuals in southern African and Indian Ocean states

    The impact of the HIV and AIDS epidemic is felt hardest by the individuals who are infected or affected by the disease, and in particular by individuals who are especially vulnerable to HIV infection due to stigma and discrimination, poverty, a lack of access to education, health and other services that promote HIV awareness. However, the impact of HIV and AIDS goes beyond the individual or household level – it affects nations as a whole. …

  7. Priority interventions to reduce HIV transmission in sex work settings in sub-Saharan Africa and delivery of these services

    Introduction: Virtually no African country provides HIV prevention services in sex work settings with an adequate scale and intensity. Uncertainty remains about the optimal set of interventions and mode of delivery. Methods: We systematically reviewed studies reporting interventions for reducing HIV transmission among female sex workers in sub-Saharan Africa between January 2000 and July 2011. Medline (PubMed) and non-indexed journals were searched for studies with quantitative study outcomes. Results: We located 26 studies, including seven randomized trials. …

  8. Preventing HIV among sex workers in sub-Saharan Africa: a literature review

    The main focus of this report is to review the risk factors for HIV among sex workers in sub-Saharan Africa, and the interventions that have been successfully implemented in this region. The report suggests components of a health sector response necessary for accelerating prevention of HIV and other STIs among sex workers and their clients. The report, its findings and recommendations are based on a review of the available published evidence. Information is presented in three major sections. …

  9. Documenting human rights Violations of sex workers in Kenya: a study conducted in Nairobi, Kisumu, Busia, Nanyuki, Mombasa and Malindi

    This study investigates the human rights violations experienced by women sex workers in Kenya. This research found that these women have no way to claim their individual human rights under the current operating laws and policy framework. They are unable to keep themselves safe as they seek to support themselves and their families because they are relentlessly subject to police harassment, arrest and abuse. Furthermore, because sex work is viewed as an 'immoral activity' rather than as a form of labour, many in society believe that sex workers deserve to be punished for what they do. …

  10. Plan strategique national de lutte contre le VIH, le SIDA et les IST: 2011-2015

    Au terme de la mise en oeuvre du PSN 2006-2010, afin de réduire les insuffisances relevées et améliorer la réponse nationale, le Gouverment camerounais a décidé d'élaborer un nouveau Plan Stratégique National de Lutte contre le VIH, le Sida et les IST pour la période 2011-2015. Ce Plan dit de 3ème génération a pour but de réduire la morbidité et la mortalité liées au VIH et les autres IST et d'atténuer l'impact socio-économique sur le développement du pays. De façon spécifique, les objectifs stratégiques pour la période 2011-2015 sont les suivants : 1. …

  11. Regional assessment on HIV-prevention needs of migrants and mobile populations in southern Africa

    Southern Africa continues to bear a disproportionate share of the global burden of HIV: 35% of HIV infections and 38% of AIDS-related deaths in 2007 occurred in this sub-region. Southern Africa also experiences high levels of population movement, voluntary or forced, and comprises a diversity of people, including contract labor migrants, irregular migrants, families of migrants, refugees, trafficked persons and mobile workers such as truck drivers and mine workers. Furthermore, migrants have loved ones back home, who may face their own vulnerabilities, as the family breadwinner is away. …

  12. Best practices in HIV and AIDS

    The five year National HIV & AIDS Strategic Plan (NSP)-(2007/08 - 2011/12) sets priorities for three thematic service areas: Prevention; Care and Treatment; and Social Support. Coordination of partners' contributions to the national response to HIV&AIDS epidemic is through 12 Self Coordinating Entities (SCEs) of which the International Non-Governmental Organizations (INGO) is part. The goal for the INGO-SCE is to facilitate a well co-coordinated response to HIV&AIDS and improve national capacity to address the pandemic effectively in and outside Uganda. …

  13. HIV/AIDS across ECOWAS countries: the Prevalence, impact and response

    This paper provides an overview of some of the most pressing concerns countries within ECOWAS and their partners will face over the next five to ten years as the rate of adult HIV/AIDS infection climbs to critical levels. Currently only four out of the 15 ECOWAS countries fall under this designation, but time is short and the spread of HIV/AIDS is quickly reaching higher proportions within the subregion, transferring the full impact of the epidemic from micro to macro level. …

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