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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Building the assets to thrive: Addressing the HIV-related vulnerabilities of adolescent girls in Ethiopia

    Reaching vulnerable adolescent girls with information and connecting them to services are not straightforward tasks. Poor girls in Ethiopia have few opportunities to access public institutions such as youth or community centers, health services, financial institutions, and schools. They may not know that they have a right to these services, and service delivery staff might not welcome them. …

  2. Preventing HIV among sex workers in sub-Saharan Africa: a literature review

    The main focus of this report is to review the risk factors for HIV among sex workers in sub-Saharan Africa, and the interventions that have been successfully implemented in this region. The report suggests components of a health sector response necessary for accelerating prevention of HIV and other STIs among sex workers and their clients. The report, its findings and recommendations are based on a review of the available published evidence. Information is presented in three major sections. …

  3. Blueprint for the provision of comprehensive care to gay men and other men who have sex with men (MSM) in Latin America and the Caribbean

    The tools discussed were intended to be designed for, and implemented primarily in health care settings. However, caution was urged during the consultation meeting that those activities should not be disconnected from other strategies, social services, and outreach programs, but rather an integral part of them; and the Regional Consultation focused mainly on gay and other MSM as the points of reference for MSM communities. …

  4. Outcomes of three different models for sex education and citizenship programs concerning knowledge, attitudes, and behavior of Brazilian adolescents

    This cross-sectional study describes three approaches to sex education in schools in three locations-- Rio de Janeiro, Belo Horizonte, and Salvador, all in Brazil. It compares knowledge, attitudes and practices related to sexuality, citizenship and gender among adolescents in schools with such programs, compared to controls in schools without them. Results show that the program in Salvador improved knowledge on sexuality and reproductive physiology, attitudes towards citizenship, and use of modern contraceptives compared to controls. …

  5. Linking sexual and reproductive health and gender programs and services with prevention of HIV/STI

    This document, targeted at health sector decision makers and sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and HIV/STI program and service managers, is the fruit of a series of intensive expert consultations organized by PAHO over the course of several months, with the participation of other United Nations agencies. This process has been geared to developing a work approach that not only increases the coverage of these programs and services but makes them more accessible to the segments of the population that need them the most. …

  6. Developing policies on the sexual and reproductive health and rights of young people in Europe

    This companion publication summarizes the guidelines and recommendations contained in the main Policy Guide "Guide for Developing Policies on Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights of Young People in Europe". Launched during IPPF European Network's final SAFE conference in Brussels, this policy guide provides a series of broad recommendations intended to guide policymakers and programmers in creating a more youth-friendly SRHR policy environment for young people.

  7. Respect and responsibility: strategy and action plan for improving sexual health

    Scotland-wide indicators published by NHS Quality Improvement Scotland show that teenagers in the most deprived areas are three times more likely to become pregnant than their counterparts in the most affluent parts of the country. Promoting positive sexual health is thus a key public health challenge for the Scottish Executive. Sexual health is not just the absence of disease but includes an intricate range of ethical, moral, cultural and social issues. …

  8. Science and success in developing countries: holistic programs that work to prevent teen pregnancy, HIV and sexually transmitted infections

    This 34-page paper represents a compilation of ten programmes that demonstrate their effectiveness in reducing behavioural risks for pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV, among youth in developing countries. The report describes these youth as facing significant threats to their health and well-being as a reault of HIV/AIDS, high rates of STIs, and unintended pregnancies that may result in maternal morbidity and/or mortality. …

  9. Sexually transmitted infections among adolescents: the need for adequate health services

    Produced by the World Health Organization, this paper reviews literature documenting the provision of services for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) to adolescents worldwide. Findings show that only a minority of adolescents have access to acceptable and affordable STI services. Projects emphasising general reproductive health, sexual health counselling or family planning are much more common than those that include STI care as a key objective.

  10. Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore Cluster Country Consultation on Migrant Workers' HIV Vulnerability Reduction: Pre-departure, Post-arrival and Returnee Reintegration, 15-17 April 2002, Makati City, Philippines

    HIV/AIDS touches all sectors of society. It is an issue that requires appropriate responses at national, regional and global levels. Migrant workers are valuable resources that stimulate economic prosperity and contribute to the socio-economic development of Asia. …

  11. Health seeking behaviour and the control of sexually transmitted disease

    What people do when they have symptoms or suspicion of a sexually transmitted disease (STD) has major implications for transmission and, consequently, for disease control. Delays in seeking and obtaining diagnosis and treatment can allow for continued transmission and the greater probability of adverse sequelae. An understanding of health seeking behaviour is therefore important if STD control programmes are to be effective. However, taboos and stigma related to sex and STD in most cultures mean that gaining a true picture is difficult and requires considerable cultural sensitivity. …

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