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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. How effective is comprehensive sexuality education in preventing HIV?

    This brief discusses the effectiveness of comprehensive sexuality education (CSE) in preventing HIV, and lists key findings and recommendations. It concludes that CSE is effective in decreasing HIV risk factors in adolescents and young people, and improving sexual and reproductive health (SRH) in general, including creating demand for SRH services. …

  2. HIV and young people who inject drugs. Technical brief

    This technical brief is one in a series addressing four young key populations. It is intended for policy-makers, donors, service-planners, service-providers and community-led organizations. This brief aims to catalyse and inform discussions about how best to provide health services, programmes and support for young people who inject drugs. …

  3. Assessment of knowledge, attitude and practice towards VCT, among Jimma teachers training college students, Jimma town Oromia region, Southwestern Ethiopia, 2014

    HIV/AIDS is a disease of the human immune system caused by infection with human immune deficiency virus (HIV).According to Ministry of Health, in Ethiopia the highest prevalence of HIV is seen in the age group 15-24 years. VCT is internationally acknowledged as essential strategic for HIV prevention and also entry point to AIDS care.Voluntary counseling and testing is vitally important and one of the national strategy to control HIV/AIDS epidemics especially among young adults. …

  4. Assessment of the Policy Environment for the Integration of Reproductive Health and HIV&AIDS Services in Ghana

    The objectives of this assessment are to: Identify and assess current policies on reproductive health (RH) and HIV&AIDS services that support integration; Assess key stakeholders' current understanding of “integration of RH and HIV&AIDS services.” This includes their understanding of who is (are) the target population(s) in need of services, the kinds of services needed, and service delivery strategies for best meeting those needs; Identify operational challenges to providing integrated RH and HIV&AIDS services; Identify examples of integrated RH and HIV&AIDS services, if possible, and assess  …

  5. Antiretroviral drug access and behavior change

    Access to antiretroviral (ARV) drugs in Sub-Saharan Africa has rapidly expanded - from fewer than 10,000 people treated in 2000 to more than 8 million in 2011. To measure the impact of this expansion, it is necessary to identify the behavioral response of individuals to drug access. This paper combines geocoded information about the timing of introduction of ARVs in all Kenyan health facilities with two waves of geocoded population surveys to estimate the impact of proximity to an ARV provider on risky sexual behavior. …

  6. Linkage to Care for HIV-Positive Adolescents: A Multisite Study of the Adolescent Medicine Trials Units of the Adolescent Trials Network

    This journal article is a study of adolescent linkage to HIV care in the United States. The study seeks to understand the issues with linkage to care among adolescents. The study shows that multiple models exist for linkage to care and that it is important to have formal and informal community relationships for linkage to care to work among adolescents. The barriers that linkage to care for adolescents face is structural rather than due to adolescent characteristics. For instance, stigmatisation is a big issue which can be addressed through community and education. …

  7. Expanding access to comprehensive reproductive health and HIV information and services for married adolescent girls in Nyanza Province

    Nyanza Province has been a focus of heightened attention in Kenya since the advent of the country’s HIV epidemic. …

  8. Scaling up and sustaining community-based care for preschool and schoolage children - successes and challenges in Malawi

    Community-based organizations (CBOs) are an important model for the care of orphans and other vulnerable children whose life and development are threatened by human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) and poverty. However, data are lacking on the challenges and solutions enabling successful expansion of these programs to the national level. This article presents some of the experiences encountered by Malawi in the expansion of their network of CBOs. …

  9. Treatment Access for Positive MSM in the Asia Pacific

    In collaboration with various community-based organizations, APN+ conducted a peer-led mixed method research project in six Asian countries to document the range of services available for MSM and transgender people living with HIV and to identify barriers to access and use of these services. Findings from peer-led Focus group discussions are analyzed and remain the main thrust of this report. …

  10. Research dossier: HIV prevention for girls and young women in Kenya

    This Research Dossier supports the Report Card on HIV Prevention for Girls and Young Women in Kenya produced by the United Nations Global Coalition on Women and AIDS (GCWA). It documents the detailed research coordinated for the GCWA by the International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF), with the support of the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), United Nations Program on AIDS (UNAIDS) and Young Positives. The Report Card provides an "at a glance" summary of the current status of HIV prevention strategies and services for girls and young women in Kenya. …

  11. A process evaluation of the scale up of a youth-friendly health services initiative in northern Tanzania

    The authors conducted a process evaluation of the 10-fold scale-up of an evaluated youth-friendly services intervention in Mwanza Region, Tanzania, in order to identify key facilitating and inhibitory factors from both user and provider perspectives. The intervention was scaled up in two training rounds lasting 6 and 10 months. …

  12. WARMI II - Construyendo Puentes entre la Comunidad y los Servicios de Salud con Enfoque de Género e Interculturalidad

    Para contribuir a reducir la mortalidad materna de dos municipios rurales en Bolivia, Save the Children y Project Concern International implementaron una estrategia principalmente educativa en Salud Sexual y Reproductiva (SSyR) llamada Warmi II y donde Organizaciones Comunitarias de Mujeres recibieron fondos para ejecutar sus proyectos. …

  13. Strengthening linkages for sexual and reproductive health, HIV and AIDS: progress, barriers and opportunities

    Strengthening linkages for sexual and reproductive health, HIV and AIDS: progress, barriers and opportunities is a report produced by the Health Resource Centre on behalf of the the British Government's Department for International Development in 2006. This review explores the policy, financing and institutional factors that enable or constrain the integration of sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) programmes, with policy and programmes for HIV prevention, and AIDS treatment and care. …

  14. Balance político normativo sobre el acceso de las y los adolescentes a los servicios de salud sexual, salud reproductiva y prevención del VIH-Sida

    La finalidad de este documento consiste en presentar los resultados del balance realizado por UNFPA de la Ley General de Salud de Perú y el Código Penal, el cual contiene el análisis de los obstáculos y vacíos que presenta el marco político normativo nacional e internacional, así como los avances y desafíos referidos al acceso de las y los adolescentes a estos servicios. Asimismo, se presentan las posibles rutas que se deben seguir para lograr los cambios deseados en la legislación vigente. …

  15. Linking Sexual and Reproductive Health and HIV/AIDS. Gateways to integration: a case study from Serbia

    The process of linking sexual and reproductive health and HIV/AIDS needs to work in both directions: traditional sexual and reproductive health services need to integrate HIV/AIDS interventions, and programmes set up to address the AIDS epidemic need to integrate more general services for sexual and reproductive health. The case studies featured in this series have been chosen to demonstrate this two-way flow and to reflect the diversity of integration models. …

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