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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. How reliable are reports of early adolescent reproductive and sexual health events in demographic and health surveys?

    CONTEXT: Age at sexual debut, age at first marriage or first union and age at first birth are among the most widely used indicators of health and well-being for female adolescents. However, the accuracy of estimates for these indicators, particularly for younger adolescents, is poorly understood. METHODS: For each of nine countries in Africa and Latin America, Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) data from two surveys conducted five years apart were used to examine women’s reports of age at sexual debut, marriage or first union, and first birth. …

  2. Sexual and reproductive health and rights for the next decades: What's been achieved? What lies ahead?

    This Global Public Health Special Issue ‘SRHR for the next decades: What's been achieved? What lies ahead?’ assesses progress 20 years after the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD), which established the sexual and reproductive health and rights framework for population and health policy (United Nations [UN], 1995). …

  3. 3Rs campaign kit: rights, respect, responsibility: the campaign

    Rights. Respect. Responsibility.® is Advocates for Youth’s national, long-term campaign giving voice to a new vision of adolescent sexual health. These core values underpin Advocates’ vision of a society where adolescents are valued, public health policy is driven by scientific research, and sexuality is viewed as a normal and healthy part of being human, of being a teen, of being alive.

  4. Salud de la población joven indígena en América Latina: un panorama general

    La presente publicación contiene antecedentes sociodemográficos y socioeconómicos generales, diferenciados entre poblaciones indígenas y no indígenas de 14 países de América Latina. …

  5. Improving the HIV response for women in Latin America: barriers to integrated advocacy for sexual and reproductive health and rights

    Civil society plays an important health governance role by influencing international sexual, reproductive health and HIV agendas as expressed in international conferences; monitoring and evaluating implementation; and holding governments accountable for their commitments. Integration of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and HIV services to achieve the health-related MDGs would seem to be a strategic joint advocacy agenda for the women's sexual and reproductive health movement and HIV activists, particularly women living with HIV. …

  6. Política nacional de salud sexual y reproductiva

    Este documento presenta la política nacional de salud sexual y reproductiva (SSR) para el periodo 2002 a 2006. Parte de una conceptualización de la SSR, de acuerdo con lo planteado en la Cuarta Conferencia Mundial sobre la Mujer (1995) y la Conferencia Internacional sobre Población y Desarrollo (1994) que, a su vez, incorporan la definición de salud de la Organización Mundial de la Salud. …

  7. The Journal of Sexual Medicine: Findings from the national survey of sexual health and behavior (NSSHB), Center for Sexual Health Promotion Indiana University

    Presentation of a series of nine papers from the National Survey of Sexual Health and Behavior (NSSHB), a nationally representative study of the sexual and sexual healthrelated behaviors of 5,865 adolescents and adults in the U.S. Our team, based at the Center for Sexual Health Promotion at Indiana University, and representing the disciplines of public health, psychology, medicine, and gender studies, sought to conduct a study that would provide a contemporary snapshot of sexual behaviors, condom and contraceptive use, and sexual health of the U.S. population. …

  8. Cultura y salud. Estrategias de promoción de la salud sexual y reproductiva y prevención del VIH/SIDA en población joven: Guía para promotores de la salud

    Guía para Promotores de Salud orientada al trabajo con adolescentes y jóvenes para fortalecer el entrenamiento en las problemáticas vinculadas al VIH/SIDA y a la salud sexual y reproductiva. Abarca las siguientes áreas: Derechos Humanos; Promoción y Prevención de la salud en adolescentes y jóvenes; Género y sexualidad; VIH/SIDA e infecciones de transmisión sexual; SIDA y Derechos Humanos; Estrategias de promoción de la salud sexual y reproductiva y prevención del VIH/SIDA en población joven.

  9. How Young is "too Young"? Comparative Perspective on Adolescent Sexual, Marital and Reproductive Transitions

    This study is an article extracted from "Studies in Family planning" published in December 2008 by Population Council. The aim of this article is to know if there is an age to start sexual intercourse, to marry or to bear a child. This study propose a division of adolescence into three age categories -early adolescence (ages 10-14), middle adolescence (15-17), and late adolescence (18-19) instead of using the customary 15-19 to better capture the age-specific variations in the trajectories of male and female sexual, marital and reproductive events. …

  10. Abstinence and delayed sexual initiation

    Promoting abstinence is an important strategy that can help delay sexual activity, but complementary messages are needed for those who are sexually active.

  11. Fertility levels, trends, and differentials 1995-1999

    The report shows fertility rates, trends, and differentials for 43 countries. Eight types of measures are presented including total anf age-specific fertility rates, general and crude birth rates, the mean number of children born of women, total marital fertility rates and marital duration fertility rates, age at first birth, parity progression ratios, and birth intervals. These indicators are presented for the total country and by women's residence, education, work status, and migration status, and by the education and occupation of their husband.

  12. Adolescents, social support and help-seeking behavior : an international literature review and program consultation with recommendations for action

    The document is part of WHO project to identify and define evidence-based strategies for influencing adolescent help-seeking and identify research questions and activities to promote improved help-seeking behaviour by adolescents. The document presents the findings from an international review on the topic; results of programme consultation with 35 adolescent health programmes; results of six key informant interviews; and recommendations for action, including brief outline for developing a set of guidelines for the rapid assessment of social supports to promote the help-seeking of adolescents.

  13. Making it work: linking youth reproductive health and livelihood

    The report presents the result of an analysis of linked programmes. The objectives of the analysis was to assess the challenges and potential effectiveness of programmes integrating adolescent reproductive health and livelihoods, highlight innovative approaches, and define gaps that exist in designing interventions. Assessment of selected programmes was carried out in India, Colombia and Kenya.

  14. Health reform, decentralization, and participation in Latin America: protecting sexual and reproductive health

    The publication is a collection of four case studies that examine the role of the participatory process in the content of decentralization to improve sexual and reproductive health in Latin America and the Caribbean. Case studies from Bolivia, Guatemala, Mexico, and Peru highlight the activities carried out by POLICY staff to promote local-level participation in improving the policy environment for sexual and reproductive health in Latin America as a whole.

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