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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. How reliable are reports of early adolescent reproductive and sexual health events in demographic and health surveys?

    CONTEXT: Age at sexual debut, age at first marriage or first union and age at first birth are among the most widely used indicators of health and well-being for female adolescents. However, the accuracy of estimates for these indicators, particularly for younger adolescents, is poorly understood. METHODS: For each of nine countries in Africa and Latin America, Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) data from two surveys conducted five years apart were used to examine women’s reports of age at sexual debut, marriage or first union, and first birth. …

  2. 3Rs campaign kit: rights, respect, responsibility: the campaign

    Rights. Respect. Responsibility.® is Advocates for Youth’s national, long-term campaign giving voice to a new vision of adolescent sexual health. These core values underpin Advocates’ vision of a society where adolescents are valued, public health policy is driven by scientific research, and sexuality is viewed as a normal and healthy part of being human, of being a teen, of being alive.

  3. Barbados national HIV policy: a framework for action

    The objective of the Policy is to achieve positive and sustained behavioural change, not only among the vulnerable and marginalized groups, but also across the entire population through evidencebased planning and targeted interventions guided by operational research. This Policy is supported by data collection, sound analysis, and monitoring and evaluation to ensure that the interventions are well informed and effective.

  4. Sexual identity, sex of sexual contacts, and health-risk behaviors among students in Grades 9-12: Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance, selected sites, United States, 2001-2009

    Sexual minority youths are youths who identify themselves as gay or lesbian, bisexual, or unsure of their sexual identity or youths who have only had sexual contact with persons of the same sex or with both sexes. …

  5. The Journal of Sexual Medicine: Findings from the national survey of sexual health and behavior (NSSHB), Center for Sexual Health Promotion Indiana University

    Presentation of a series of nine papers from the National Survey of Sexual Health and Behavior (NSSHB), a nationally representative study of the sexual and sexual healthrelated behaviors of 5,865 adolescents and adults in the U.S. Our team, based at the Center for Sexual Health Promotion at Indiana University, and representing the disciplines of public health, psychology, medicine, and gender studies, sought to conduct a study that would provide a contemporary snapshot of sexual behaviors, condom and contraceptive use, and sexual health of the U.S. population. …

  6. Caring for People Affected By HIV and AIDS (Level 2)

    This book is intended to help young people affected by HIV and AIDS to care for others while protecting and caring for themselves at the same time. It is also intended to promote understanding of the issues around caring for those with HIV and AIDS. It can be used across the curriculum: in literacy, social studies, life skills and science classes as well as in after-school or community clubs.

  7. How Young is "too Young"? Comparative Perspective on Adolescent Sexual, Marital and Reproductive Transitions

    This study is an article extracted from "Studies in Family planning" published in December 2008 by Population Council. The aim of this article is to know if there is an age to start sexual intercourse, to marry or to bear a child. This study propose a division of adolescence into three age categories -early adolescence (ages 10-14), middle adolescence (15-17), and late adolescence (18-19) instead of using the customary 15-19 to better capture the age-specific variations in the trajectories of male and female sexual, marital and reproductive events. …

  8. Abstinence and delayed sexual initiation

    Promoting abstinence is an important strategy that can help delay sexual activity, but complementary messages are needed for those who are sexually active.

  9. Adolescents, social support and help-seeking behavior : an international literature review and program consultation with recommendations for action

    The document is part of WHO project to identify and define evidence-based strategies for influencing adolescent help-seeking and identify research questions and activities to promote improved help-seeking behaviour by adolescents. The document presents the findings from an international review on the topic; results of programme consultation with 35 adolescent health programmes; results of six key informant interviews; and recommendations for action, including brief outline for developing a set of guidelines for the rapid assessment of social supports to promote the help-seeking of adolescents.

  10. Gender and HIV/AIDS: supporting resources collection

    This document contains: Summaries of key resources outlining why gender is so important in understanding the impact and spread of HIV/AIDS; Practical examples of approaches from around the world, aiming to strengthen capacity building, advocacy, service delivery, and research; Short summaries of operational toolkits and guides; Information about courses, web sites, networking and contact details for organisations from around the world specialising in gender and HIV/AIDS.

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