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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Kenya fast-track plan to end HIV and AIDS along adolescents and young people

    Goal: To fast-track the HIV response to end new HIV infections, AIDS related deaths and stigma and discrimination in adolescents and young people. Objectives of this fast-track plan: 1. To reduce new HIV infections among adolescents and young people by 40%; 2. To reduce AIDS related deaths among adolescent and young people by 15%; 3. To reduce stigma and discrimination by 25%. Target beneficiaries: The target beneficiary populations are adolescent boys and girls aged 10 – 19 years and young people, particularly women, aged 20 – 24 years. …

  2. National guidelines for the management of HIV and AIDS

    This edition covers Adult and Paediatric HIV and AIDS management; Nutrition; Management of Opportunistic Infections; Home Based Care and the Continuum of Care; and Counselling for HIV Testing as well as ART adherence. Other areas covered include: health facility certification, standard precautions in care settings and laboratory services, post exposure prophylaxis, as well as ARV logistics and dosages.

  3. National guidelines for the management of HIV and AIDS

    This edition covers key areas of Adult and Paediatric HIV and AIDS management; Nutrition; Management of Opportunistic Infections; Home Based Care and the Continuum of Care; Counselling for HIV Testing, as well as, ART adherence. Other areas covered include, standard precautions in care settings and laboratory services, post exposure prophylaxis, as well as, ARV logistics and dosages. There is also an emphasis on Positive Health, Prevention and Dignity, a strategy that is meant to support PLHIV, so as to have a holistic care approach. …

  4. National HIV and AIDS health sector research and evaluation agenda (2011-2015)

    The Ministry of Health and Social Welfare (MoHSW) through the National AIDS Control Programme (NACP) has developed a National HIV and AIDS Health Sector Research and Evaluation Agenda (NHAREA) that outlines HIV and AIDS health research and evaluation priorities for the next 5 years (2011-2015). For the first time, this Agenda includes evaluation priorities aimed at objectively reviewing the different HIV interventions that are currently in place to establish those that are both efficacious and cost effective. …

  5. National guidelines for quality improvement of HIV and AIDS services

    These National Quality Improvement (QI) Guidelines for HIV and AIDS Services are arranged into seven sections. The first section provides background information, regarding HIV and AIDS services in Tanzania. The second section presents the rationale of having these guidelines. Section three explains the objective, target audience and content of the guidelines. The quality improvement concepts and definitions feature in section four, while section five presents the QI approaches used for HIV and AIDS and other health services in Tanzania. …

  6. The Global Fund in the MENA region: an Aidspan regional report 2015

    This is the first regional report published by Aidspan. These regional reports seek to provide a snapshot to country partners, advocates and other stakeholders of comparative information, to make it easier for them to assess their countries’ progress and performance and understand the regional picture of Global Fund programmes.

  7. Very young children affected and infected by HIV/AIDS: How are they living? A case study from Namibia

    This paper describes a recent study conducted jointly by the authors in the Khomas Region of Namibia. The study developed and trialled research and documentation methods regarding very young children who had been infected or affected by the HIV/AIDS pandemic. Because of the stigma attached to the disease, effective methods for assessing ‘real’ needs of the target population have been elusive in Namibia and elsewhere. …

  8. The intergenerational impact of the African orphans crisis: a cohort study from an HIV/AIDS affected area

    Background: In sub-Saharan Africa, the prevalence of orphanhood among children has been greatly exacerbated by the HIV/AIDS pandemic. If orphanhood harms a child’s development and these effects perpetuate into adult life, then the African orphan crisis could seriously jeopardize the continent’s future generations. Whether or not there exists an adverse, causal and intergenerational effect of HIV/AIDS on development is of crucial importance for setting medical priorities. …

  9. Local government responses to HIV/AIDS: a handbook. A Handbook to support local government authorities in addressing HIV/AIDS at the municipal level

    This handbook has been written for local government authorities (LGA) mayors, councilors, advisors and officials that are interested in developing or strengthening local responses to HIV/AIDS. It provides information, examples, and illustrative tools (surveys, checklists, modules, etc.) that guide users through the steps of recognizing and publicly acknowledging the importance of addressing HIV/AIDS, assessing the impact of HIV/AIDS on the locality, and identifying key stakeholders to initiate and coordinate a Local Government (LG) HIV/AIDS Response Strategy. …

  10. A review of generalist and specialist community health workers for delivering adolescent health services in sub-Saharan Africa

    The health of adolescents is increasingly seen as an important international priority because the world’s one point eight billion young people (aged 10 to 24 years) accounts for 15.5% of the global burden of disease and are disproportionately located in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Furthermore, an estimated 70% of premature adult deaths are attributable to unhealthy behaviors often initiated in adolescence (such as smoking, obesity, and physical inactivity). …

  11. Decision Point La Francophonie: No New HIV Infections, No one Denied Treatement

    In June 2011, world leaders unanimously adopted the UN General Assembly Political Declaration on AIDS that laid out ambitious targets for the global HIV response. While the International Organisation of La Francophonie (IOF) has made considerable progress towards these targets, its member countries are characterized by marked variations in access to treatment and prevention services as well as inadequate funding from both international and domestic sources. …

  12. On the cutting edge: improving the informed consent process for adolescents in Zambia undergoing male circumcision for HIV prevention

    The authors present data from operations research into the introduction of male circumcision (MC) in Zambia, assessing informed consent (IC) procedures for adolescent MC clients. They administered a comprehension test among adult (n=311) and adolescent (n=115) clients at 10 clinics around Lusaka between the counseling and IC process. They conducted semi-structured interviews with adolescent (1317 years) MC clients 1 week post-surgery (n=28) and 13 key informants (service providers and stakeholders). …

  13. Prognosis of patients with HIV-1 infection starting antiretroviral therapy in sub-Saharan Africa: a collaborative analysis of scale-up programmes

    Prognostic models have been developed for patients infected with HIV-1 who start combination antiretroviral therapy (ART) in high-income countries, but not for patients in sub-Saharan Africa. The article shows the development of two prognostic models to estimate the probability of death in patients starting ART in sub-Saharan Africa. Data for adult patients who started ART in four scale-up programmes in Côte d'Ivoire, South Africa, and Malawi from 2004 to 2007 are analised. Patients lost to follow-up in the first year were excluded. …

  14. Assessing Costing and Prioritization in National AIDS Strategic Plans

    This background paper examines costing practices, cost-effectiveness data and prioritization processes in national HIV/AIDS strategic plans. The first section is a literature review on costing and prioritization in the first generation of national strategic plans (NSPs). The second section uses the World Bank AIDS Strategy and Action Plan's Self-Assessment Tool Guidelines for costing and prioritization to provide a detailed assessment of seven current-generation NSP documents. Through a simple scoring scale, patterns across these documents become evident. …

  15. National Strategic Plan 2007-2011: Mid Term Review 2010

    The aim of the mid-term review was to: assess the implementation of the NSP through a forward looking review that will document achievements, lessons learnt, gaps, constraints, challenges and opportunities at provincial, sectoral and national levels in relation to the four priority areas of the NSP, and make recommendations for strengthening and improving the HIV response. …

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