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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Guatemalan school food environment: impact on schoolchildren's risk of both undernutrition and overweight/obesity

    Guatemala suffers the double burden of malnutrition with high rates of stunting alongside increasing childhood overweight/obesity. This study examines the school food environment (SFE) at low-income Guatemalan elementary schools and discusses its potential impact on undernutrition and overweight/obesity. From July through October 2013, direct observations, in-depth interviews with school principals (n = 4) and food kiosk vendors (n = 4, 2 interviews each) and also focus groups (FGs) with children (n = 48, 8 FGs) were conducted. …

  2. Essential conditions for the implementation of comprehensive school health to achieve changes in school culture and improvements in health behaviours of students

    Background: Comprehensive School Health (CSH) is an internationally recognized framework that holistically addresses school health by transforming the school culture. It has been shown to be effective in enhancing health behaviours among students while also improving educational outcomes. Despite this effectiveness, there is a need to focus on how CSH is implemented. …

  3. How reliable are reports of early adolescent reproductive and sexual health events in demographic and health surveys?

    CONTEXT: Age at sexual debut, age at first marriage or first union and age at first birth are among the most widely used indicators of health and well-being for female adolescents. However, the accuracy of estimates for these indicators, particularly for younger adolescents, is poorly understood. METHODS: For each of nine countries in Africa and Latin America, Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) data from two surveys conducted five years apart were used to examine women’s reports of age at sexual debut, marriage or first union, and first birth. …

  4. Sexual and reproductive health and rights for the next decades: What's been achieved? What lies ahead?

    This Global Public Health Special Issue ‘SRHR for the next decades: What's been achieved? What lies ahead?’ assesses progress 20 years after the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD), which established the sexual and reproductive health and rights framework for population and health policy (United Nations [UN], 1995). …

  5. Results from the School Health Policies and Practices Study 2012

    This report provides results from the School Health Policies and Practices Study (SHPPS) conducted in 2012. Chapter 1 provides background and introduction to the report. Chapter 2 provides an overview of the methods used in the study. Chapter 3 reports results on health education, Chapter 4 reports results on physical education and activity, Chapter 5 reports results on health services, Chapter 6 reports results on mental health and social services, and Chapter 7 reports results on nutrition services and the school nutrition environment. …

  6. Health and academic achievement

    Schools, health agencies, parents, and communities share a common goal of supporting the link between healthy eating, physical activity, and improved academic achievement of children and adolescents. Evidence shows that the health of students is linked to their academic achievement, so by working together, we can ensure that young people are healthy and ready to learn. …

  7. Children’s multidimensional health and medium-run cognitive skills in low- and middle-income countries

    This paper engages in the debate on the effects of children’s health on their education in later life stages in low- and middle-income countries. Using three rounds from the rich panel data of the Young Lives study in Ethiopia, India, Peru and Vietnam, it endorses a multidimensional approach to health (and poverty in general). …

  8. Improving the HIV response for women in Latin America: barriers to integrated advocacy for sexual and reproductive health and rights

    Civil society plays an important health governance role by influencing international sexual, reproductive health and HIV agendas as expressed in international conferences; monitoring and evaluating implementation; and holding governments accountable for their commitments. Integration of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and HIV services to achieve the health-related MDGs would seem to be a strategic joint advocacy agenda for the women's sexual and reproductive health movement and HIV activists, particularly women living with HIV. …

  9. Sexual identity, sex of sexual contacts, and health-risk behaviors among students in Grades 9-12: Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance, selected sites, United States, 2001-2009

    Sexual minority youths are youths who identify themselves as gay or lesbian, bisexual, or unsure of their sexual identity or youths who have only had sexual contact with persons of the same sex or with both sexes. …

  10. Piecing it together for women and girls. The gender dimensions of HIV-related stigma: evidence from Bangladesh, the Dominican Republic and Ethiopia

    This report focuses on the gender dimensions of HIV-related stigma. It aims to fill a gap and advance a more nuanced understanding and more effective advocacy on how stigma affects women and girls living with HIV more, less or differently to men and boys. This is an advocacy tool for use by relevant stakeholders - from international donors to global policy makers, national governments, programme managers, civil society and people living with HIV. …

  11. Making it work: linking youth reproductive health and livelihood

    The report presents the result of an analysis of linked programmes. The objectives of the analysis was to assess the challenges and potential effectiveness of programmes integrating adolescent reproductive health and livelihoods, highlight innovative approaches, and define gaps that exist in designing interventions. Assessment of selected programmes was carried out in India, Colombia and Kenya.

  12. Generation Rx.com : how young people use the internet for health information

    The report presents an analysis of the results of Generation Rx.com, a nationally representative, random dial telephone survey of 1209 young people ages 15-24, with an oversample 200 non-white respondents. The survey was designed to examine how young people use Internet for health information: are they turning to the Internet for information on their health and well-being; what types of issues are they researching online; how they go about finding the information they need; do they trust what they learn; does the information they find influence their behaviour.

  13. Health reform, decentralization, and participation in Latin America: protecting sexual and reproductive health

    The publication is a collection of four case studies that examine the role of the participatory process in the content of decentralization to improve sexual and reproductive health in Latin America and the Caribbean. Case studies from Bolivia, Guatemala, Mexico, and Peru highlight the activities carried out by POLICY staff to promote local-level participation in improving the policy environment for sexual and reproductive health in Latin America as a whole.

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