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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. The state of the world's children 2019: children, food and nutrition: growing well in a changing world

    UNICEF’s The State of the World’s Children examines the issue of children, food and nutrition. Despite progress in the past two decades, one third of children under 5 are malnourished – stunted, wasted or overweight – while two thirds are at risk of malnutrition and hidden hunger because of the poor quality of their diets. These patterns reflect a profound triple burden of malnutrition – undernutrition, hidden hunger and overweight – that threatens the survival, growth and development of children and of nations. …

  2. An overview of gay, lesbian and bisexual issues in Botswana

    In Botswana, homosexuality is criminalized, stigmatized, and considered by some to be “un-African.” Unsurprisingly in this context there has been scant research on lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) issues. This paper reviews what research has been done in the areas of HIV risk, substance abuse, and mental health; explores the issues facing LGBs in Botswana; and offers recommendations for policy and future research. …

  3. A review of generalist and specialist community health workers for delivering adolescent health services in sub-Saharan Africa

    The health of adolescents is increasingly seen as an important international priority because the world’s one point eight billion young people (aged 10 to 24 years) accounts for 15.5% of the global burden of disease and are disproportionately located in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Furthermore, an estimated 70% of premature adult deaths are attributable to unhealthy behaviors often initiated in adolescence (such as smoking, obesity, and physical inactivity). …

  4. Mujeres y vulnerabilidades ente el VIH/SIDA en la Región de Arica y Parinacota: Diálogos participativos 2011

    Este documento presenta los resultados de los diálogos participativos realizados en la ciudad de Arica entre octubre y noviembre del 2011. En éstos participaron cerca de 80 mujeres. Se convocó a mujeres de origen aymara; mujeres afrodescendientes; mujeres privadas de libertad; mujeres migrantes, refugiadas y solicitantes de la condición de refugio; mujeres adultas, jóvenes y adultas mayores. …

  5. Social and economic determinants of unequal HIV care access among people living with HIV in Peru

    Equity in access to health care among people living with HIV has not been extensively studied in Peru. This research aims to assess the extent to which health care provision for persons living with HIV was equitable and where there was lower access, and the factors associated with lower access. The study was conducted among adult PLHA in four cities in Peru. Between September 2008 and January 2009, 863 individuals from four cities in Peru were enrolled. The study found that transgender identity and age younger than 35 years old, were associated with lower access to health care. …

  6. Methadone maintenance treatment and mortality in HIV-positive people who inject opiods in China

    The objective of the study was to examine the effect of methadone maintenance treatement on mortality in people who inject opiods and who also recieve ART for the treatment of HIV in China. The study took place between December 3, 2002 and December 31, 2011. Mortality, disease and treatment characteristics were compared in patients who received either ART and MMT or only ART. Overall, mortaliy 6 months after starting ART was lwer with ART and MMT than with only ART. …

  7. New Treatment gives hope to East Africa's drug users

    This article is about the national methadone project launched in the United Republic of Tanzania -- the first mainland sub-Saharan country to launch such a program -- as part of a battle to fight heroin addiction and HIV infection. Heroin users contribute to the HIV pandemic in Tanzania by needle sharing, therefore, the idea behind the methadone project is to safely ween heroin users off of the drug. The program is funded by the US President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief, as a response to Tanzania's growing epidemic of people who inject drugs. …

  8. Premiers résultats de l’enquête « Les conditions de vie des personnes séropositives en Belgique francophone (Wallonie et Bruxelles) ». Rapport court

    L’enquête, coordonnée par la Plate-forme Prévention Sida (PPS) et l’Observatoire du sida et des sexualités (OSS), avec l’appui du Centre d’études sociologiques (CES) des Facultés universitaires Saint-Louis, avait pour objectif de : - préciser le profil socioéconomique des personnes vivant avec le VIH/sida, - connaître leurs principales difficultés et ressources dans leur vie quotidienne, - identifier l’ampleur, la forme et la récurrence des cas de stigmatisation et de discrimination dans différents domaines (professionnel, affectif, administratif, etc.). …

  9. The global HIV epidemics among people who inject drugs

    This publication addresses research questions related to an increase in the levels of access and utilization for four key interventions that have the potential to significantly reduce HIV infections among People Who Inject Drugs (PWID) and their sexual and injecting partners, and hence morbidity and mortality in low and middle-income countries (LMIC). These interventions are drawn from nine consensus interventions that comprise a 'comprehensive package' for PWID. …

  10. The health and wellbeing of young people in sub-Saharan Africa: an under-researched area?

    A third of sub-Saharan Africa’s (SSA) population comprises persons aged 10–24 years. These youth are growing up in a context marked by pervasive poverty, limited educational opportunities, high HIV/AIDS prevalence, widespread conflict, and weak social controls. Published research on the broad issues that affect youth health and wellbeing in SSA is limited and centers heavily on sexual and reproductive health. …

  11. Young People Living with HIV Around the World: Challenges to health and well-being persist

    Around the world, 5 million young people are living with HIV. Most live in the Global South in countries that lack the resources to meet their needs. They face widespread stigma in a world that still often misunderstands HIV and fears or blames those who have it – and the majority of HIV-positive youth are women, placing them at an even greater societal disadvantage in many countries. This brief provides an overview of HIV-positive youth: who is infected, treatment options and challenges, needs of positive youth, stigma and programs.

  12. Cambodia - addressing HIV vulnerabilities of indirect sex workers during the financial crisis: Situation analysis, strategies and entry points for HIV/AIDS workplace education

    This research paper is the first step towards developing a tailor-made, focused intervention on HIV/AIDS for indirect sex workers in Phnom Penh, using the structure of their formal entertainment sector workplaces. While this research does not provide a framework for interventions at all entertainment venues in Phnom Penh where sex work occurs, it does pinpoint where HIV workplace education is most needed, what sorts of approaches will most likely be effective and where it will have the biggest impact within the context of the recent financial crisis.

  13. Community Innovation: Achieving sexual and reproductive health and rights for women and girls through the HIV response

    Compiled by UNAIDS and the ATHENA Network, it presents case studies, from across sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia, Europe and Central Asia, Latin America and North America, pioneering community undertakings to advance women's sexual and reproductive health and rights through the HIV response and vice-versa, from different community perspectives. This report recognizes that women face unique challenges to access and fulfill their sexual and reproductive health and rights, including gender-based violence, and therefore have less access to HIV prevention, care and support services.

  14. Sudan country case study: child rights

    This report evaluates Norway's and Sweden's aid interventions with regards to the right of the child during the last ten years. Taking the cue from the Convention of the Rights of the Child (CRC) reports, the interventions are timely and filling gaps in the government's own efforts to implement the CRC. The main purpose of this evaluation is to assess both the results of interventions and the processes that lead to outcomes, including the efficacy of the procedures and tools that Norwegian and Swedish aid agencies employ in support of child rights. …

  15. A situational analysis on the status of women's and children's rights in Zimbabwe 2005-2010: A call for reducing disparities and improving equity

    The purpose of the Situation Analysis of Children and Women in Zimbabwe is to consider the situation facing children and women in 2010 and analyse how this affects the realisation of their rights. This Situation Analysis takes into account statistical trends, policies and budgets relating to the rights and welfare of girls, boys and women. While the report provides a brief review of the historical background, its primary focus is an analysis of the present situation with a view to assessing the future prospects for supporting children and women's rights.

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