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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Sexual identity, sex of sexual contacts, and health-risk behaviors among students in Grades 9-12: Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance, selected sites, United States, 2001-2009

    Sexual minority youths are youths who identify themselves as gay or lesbian, bisexual, or unsure of their sexual identity or youths who have only had sexual contact with persons of the same sex or with both sexes. …

  2. HIV/AIDS-Related Knowledge and Attitudes of Palestinian Women in the Occupied Palestinian Territory

    This document tries to explore Palestinian women's knowledge, perceptions, and attitudes towards HIV/ AIDS. Methods: Data used in this study were collected as a part of the Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) 2004 in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (OPT). Results: Most of the women in the OPT (93.4%) had heard of AIDS. They had fair general knowledge of HIV/AIDS prevention methods and transmission. TV was the main source of information about HIV/AIDS. Among the determinants of HIV/AIDS knowledge identified by this study were education, region, and locality. …

  3. Prevalências e freqüências relativas de Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis (DST) em populações selecionadas de seis capitais brasileiras, 2005

    Este estudo é o resultado de quatro anos de trabalho em populações selecionadas, realizado em seis capitais, nas cinco macrorregiões do país, envolvendo várias instituições das áreas de saúde no Brasil, incluindo o Programa Nacional de Doençasá Sexualmente Transmissíveis e Aids da Secretaria de Vigilância em Saúde do Ministério da Saúde (PN-DST/AIDS), Coordenações Estaduais e Municipais de DST e Aids, SESI, Universidades, LACEN e a Agência de Cooperação Técnica Alemã - GTZ. …

  4. HIV/AIDS epidemiology and prevention in China

    This article presents a review on HIV/AIDS epidemic history, current situation and prevention policy in China. HIV/AIDS epidemic groups and trends for HIV transmission were also discussed. In January 2006, 650 000 people were estimated to be living with HIV in China. The overall HIV/AIDS epidemic is at a low level (0.05%) and concentrated in several at risk populations. However, the data show that new cases of HIV infection are growing every year and spreading from at risk populations to the general population. …

  5. Evolution of Thailand's strategy to cope with the HIV/AIDS epidemic

    Evolution of Thailand's strategy to cope with the HIV/AIDS epidemic. HIV/AIDS has led to incalculable human suffering and social disruption, as well as huge economic costs. By acknowledging the problem early and creating a comprehensive strategy, Thailand has become the first country in the developing world where declines in HIV prevalence are seen nationally and the HIV epidemic has been successfully controlled through a prevention strategy. The multifaceted approach to prevent the spread of HIV and care for those who are affected is the focus of this article. …

  6. A Joint Assessment of HIV/AIDS Prevention, Treatment and Care in China

    To achieve the overall objective of the China's Action Plan for Reducing and Preventing the Spread of HIV/AIDS (2006-2010), the Chinese government strengthened leadership in the prevention and control of the HIV epidemic, developed comprehensive prevention, treatment, care and support initiatives, and monitored on-going progress. …

  7. AIDS-Related Knowledge, Attitudes, Behavior, and Practices: A Survey of 6 Chinese Cities

    This survey investigates knowledge, attitudes, behavior and practices (KAB/P) among different segments of society in six important Chinese cities Kunming, Shenzhen, Shanghai, Wuhan, Zhengzhou and Beijing. The survey was conducted by Renmin University with financial and technical support from UNAIDS, the Global Business Coalition on HIV/AIDS, TB and Malaria (GBC), and Ogilvy. …

  8. On the Right Track: Vietnam Adopts Rights-based Policies for HIV Prevention, Treatment and Care

    Due in part to U.S. assistance on the policy front, the Vietnamese National Assembly enacted a more progressive, health- and rights-oriented national law regarding HIV/AIDS in mid-2006. Significantly, the new law officially endorses an array of specific HIV prevention activities for groups with high-risk behaviors. Ultimately, the policy environment in which donors and NGOs operate appears to be improving dramatically and holds promise for managing the epidemic as long as there is improved coordination among all actors.

  9. Migration and HIV/AIDS in Thailand: Triangulation of Biological, Behavioral and Programmatic Response Data in Selected Provinces

    Thailand has been a hub for migration in the Greater Mekong Sub-Region, particularly for labor migrants from the three neighboring countries namely Myanmar, Cambodia, and Lao PDR. It is estimated that over two million migrants are living and working in Thailand, in addition to some 150,000 displaced persons and asylum seekers who seek refuge in nine temporary shelters along the border. …

  10. Economic Inequality and HIV in Malawi

    The relationship between economic inequality and HIV infection among young Malawian women is estimated with multi-level logit models of the individual probability of being infected. Two community levels are considered: the immediate neighbourhood, and Malawi's districts. We find a strong positive association between communal inequality and the risk of HIV infection. The relationship between economic status and HIV status, at communal and individual levels, is less clear-cut, but individual absolute poverty does not increase the risk of HIV infection. …

  11. National poverty reduction strategies and HIV/AIDS governance in Malawi: a preliminary study of shared health governance

    The public health and development communities understand clearly the need to integrate anti-poverty efforts with HIV/AIDS programs. This article reports findings about the impact of the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) process on Malawi's National HIV/AIDS Strategic Framework (NSF). How does the PRSP process support NSF accountability, participation, access to information, funding, resource planning and allocation, monitoring, and evaluation? …

  12. Objetivos comunes, respuestas compartidas. Un estudio de la Asociación Pancaribeña contra el VIH/SIDA (PANCAP)

    El presente estudio, en el que el ONUSIDA se complace de haber colaborado con la CARICOM - La comunidad del Caribe, documenta la experiencia de la Asociación Pancaribeña contra el VIH/SIDA (PANCAP) para movilizar la respuesta al SIDA en la región. Subraya tanto los éxitos de la Asociación como los retos a los que sigue enfrentándose para apoyar una acción eficaz contra el SIDA en la totalidad de sus 29 países. …

  13. Vietnam demographic and health survey 2002

    The report summarizes the findings of the 2002 Vietnam Demographic and Health Survey carried out by the General Statistical Office with regard to demographic conditions, family planning, infant and child mortality, and health-related information about breastfeeding, antenatal care, child immunizations, common children's diseases, and HIV/AIDS.

  14. Status and trends of STI, HIV and AIDS at the end of the millennium: Western Pacific Region

    The book presents the status and trends of STI, HIV and AIDS in the Western Pacific Region based on the cumulative number of cases of HIV diagnoses in all countries of the Region. Analysis of the trend of the relative proportion in HIV risk exposure suggests that there have been three waves - first, sexual contact among men; second, widespread sharing of equipment among injecting drug users; and finally, the steady increase in the proportion of reported cases with heterosexual contact.

  15. Strategic directions for improving the health and development of children and adolescents

    The document summarizes priority areas for WHO action based on global evidence. Improving the health and development of children and adolescents means that WHO will need to shape its implementation of the strategy to the epidemiological needs of specific regions and countries. The strategy document proposes a flexible, country-specific approach that reflects and respects differences in epidemiology. In addition, it outlines a strategic framework that is based on equity, the life course, and a public health approach. It defines principles to guide the implementation. …

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