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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Short-term effects of a rights-based sexuality education curriculum for high-school students: a cluster-randomized trial

    An emerging model for sexuality education is the rights-based approach, which unifies discussions of sexuality, gender norms, and sexual rights to promote the healthy sexual development of adolescents. A rigorous evaluation of a rights-based intervention for a broad population of adolescents in the U.S. has not previously been published. This paper evaluates the immediate effects of the Sexuality Education Initiative (SEI) on hypothesized psychosocial determinants of sexual behavior.

  2. Seminário educação em sexualidade e relações de gênero na formação inicial docente no ensino superior, Fundação Carlos Chagas, São Paulo, 9 de outubro de 2013: relatório final

    Esse documento apresenta a narrativa do seminário intitulado Educaçăo em Sexualidade e Relaçőes de Gęnero na Formaçăo Inicial Docente no Ensino Superior, promovido pela UNESCO, realizado em 9 de outubro de 2013, nas dependęncias da Fundaçăo Carlos Chagas, na cidade de Săo Paulo. Esse evento contou com a participaçăo das cátedras da UNESCO e da Fundaçăo Carlos Chagas, bem como de pesquisadores acadęmicos de várias instituiçőes de ensino superior do país, membros da UNESCO, da ECOS – Comunicaçăo em Sexualidade e membros da Fundaçăo Carlos Chagas. …

  3. Investigating the use of social networking sites and their implications for HIV/Aids communication amongst Rhodes University students

    The rise and dominance of social networking sites has generated increasing interest amongst scholars, mainly to understand their nature and the activities supported by these social sites. Studies conducted on social networking sites have generated information on the potential of such sites in boosting revenue-generating businesses, with limited research on how online sites can be used to address the social challenges faced by societies today. This article maintains that online social sites, in particular HIV/Aids-related sites, can possibly be used for HIV/Aids communication. …

  4. High HIV sero-prevalence among students of institutions of higher education in Southeast Nigeria

    Objective: To investigate the prevalence and sexual behavioural dynamics of HIV infection in students of institutions of higher education (IHEs) as a guide to the design of a tailor-made HIV intervention programmes. Methods: A total of 9 709 sexually matured students from five IHEs in Southeast Nigeria aged 19–24 years were recruited to obtain representative data from the institutionalised student population. HIV status was confirmed using enzyme based immuno-assay technique. Demographic and behavioural information were obtained through a structured questionnaire. …

  5. HIV prevention on youth: final report

    This report covers a focus group discussion on HIV and AIDS information needs among university students in Jakarta and Papua as well as the report of the establishment of an HIV Prevention for youth E-learning course using video conference and webinar for the university students.

  6. Integrating a youth-based stigma and discrimination reduction curriculum in higher education: St Xavier’s College

    Stigmatizing attitudes towards people living with HIV (PLHIV) are common among young people. Yet there are few opportunities for youth to be exposed to interventions that address the key drivers of stigma and discrimination, namely lack of awareness of stigma and its harmful consequences, social judgment and fear of infection through casual contact. This project demonstrated that higher education can be an effective entry point for stigma reduction, by working with several groups and environments, in this case the faculty, students and college. …

  7. Imagined futures III: positive futures. Conference report

    This document is a report of the third in the series of Imagined Futures conferences. The debates and discussions concerned coping with stigma and disclosure on campus, and treatment options at universities.

  8. Imagined futures VI: checks and balances. Conference report

    This document is a report of a two days conference, "Checks and balances", aimed to explore mechanisms ensuring the balancing of power and the accountability by the stakeholders – the institutions and students. The sessions included: changing dynamics of HIV/AIDS in a university setting, teenage pregnancy at institutions of higher learning, and service provider accountability. The conference closed with a partnership statement on sexual and reproductive rights and health.

  9. Imagined futures I: student leadership in a time of AIDS. Conference report

    This document is a report of a two days conference on student leadership in a time of AIDS. The debates focused on youth taking leadership and embracing the opportunities to address HIV and AIDS. The sessions included: methodologies in working with students, monitoring and evaluation and peer education, and institutionalising HIV and AIDS programmes.

  10. Applying the Research / Researching the Applied

    The conference programme was driven by the presentation of applied case experiences on the following topics: 1. Evaluating HIV/TB/STI prevention projects (e.g. Peer Education, HIV and TB testing, treatment), 2. Approaching HIV as an issue of transformation, diversity and inclusivity (including stigma, sexual orientation and gender), 3. Integrating HIV and AIDS into socially responsive core curricula: Lessons from innovative collaborations in Higher Education, 4. …

  11. Sexual behaviour and knowledge regarding sexually transmitted infections among undergraduate students in Durban, South Africa

    The objective of this cross-sectional study was to identify the sexual behavior and knowledge of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) amongst 752 undergraduate university students in South Africa, using self-administered questionnaires. More than half reported presently being sexually active, the majority used contraceptives and especially used condoms. Almost a third of the sample, had multiple sexual partners, and more than a quarter of them reported to have sex under the influence of alcohol. …

  12. The effects of peer education on reduction of the HIV/sexually transmitted infection risk behaviors among Turkish university students

    This study investigated how HIV/sexually transmitted infection peer education (PE) affected HIV knowledge, perceived prevention self-efficacy, and risky sexual behaviors among Turkish university students (N = 118) who were sexually active but did not use condoms. A methodological and pre-/posttest controlled study design was used, with data collected before PE, just after PE, 3 months after PE, and 6 months after PE. …

  13. Représentations de l'homosexualité en milieu étudiant : synthèse de l'enquête SOS homophobie - CAELIF

    Cette enquête menée au printemps 2010 permet de dresser un premier panorama des perceptions de l'homosexualité et de l'homophobie dans un milieu ciblé : celui des étudiant-e-s des grandes écoles et universités d'Île-de-France. L'administration de ce questionnaire et l'analyse des résultats sont le fruit d'une collaboration entre SOS homophobie et le Caélif, fédération qui rassemble un certain nombre d'associations LGBT des grandes écoles et des universités franciliennes (et limitrophes). …

  14. This was my hell: the violence experienced by gender non-conforming youth in US high schools

    This paper explores the experiences of harassment and violence endured by seven gender nonconforming youth in US high schools. Based on a larger research project, it opens an inquiry into the school-based lives of gender-variant teens, a group heretofore ignored by most academics and educators. Breaking violence down into two main types (physical and sexual), this work uses informants' voices, along with 'doing gender' theory, to analyze the experiences of butch lesbian girls, trans teenagers, and genderqueer youth. …

  15. Percepción de estudiantes universitarios sobre la homo/lesbofobia en Costa Rica

    Estudio que pretende conocer las actitudes y pensamientos de los y las jóvenes universitarios de Costa Rica hacia la población gay y lésbica, además de los mitos y estereotipos aún vigentes respecto a este último grupo. La investigación se aplicó a 500 jóvenes universitarios/as, hombres y mujeres de la Universidad de Costa Rica, Universidad Nacional e Instituto Tecnológico de Costa Rica.

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