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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Short-term effects of a rights-based sexuality education curriculum for high-school students: a cluster-randomized trial

    An emerging model for sexuality education is the rights-based approach, which unifies discussions of sexuality, gender norms, and sexual rights to promote the healthy sexual development of adolescents. A rigorous evaluation of a rights-based intervention for a broad population of adolescents in the U.S. has not previously been published. This paper evaluates the immediate effects of the Sexuality Education Initiative (SEI) on hypothesized psychosocial determinants of sexual behavior.

  2. Investigating the use of social networking sites and their implications for HIV/Aids communication amongst Rhodes University students

    The rise and dominance of social networking sites has generated increasing interest amongst scholars, mainly to understand their nature and the activities supported by these social sites. Studies conducted on social networking sites have generated information on the potential of such sites in boosting revenue-generating businesses, with limited research on how online sites can be used to address the social challenges faced by societies today. This article maintains that online social sites, in particular HIV/Aids-related sites, can possibly be used for HIV/Aids communication. …

  3. High HIV sero-prevalence among students of institutions of higher education in Southeast Nigeria

    Objective: To investigate the prevalence and sexual behavioural dynamics of HIV infection in students of institutions of higher education (IHEs) as a guide to the design of a tailor-made HIV intervention programmes. Methods: A total of 9 709 sexually matured students from five IHEs in Southeast Nigeria aged 19–24 years were recruited to obtain representative data from the institutionalised student population. HIV status was confirmed using enzyme based immuno-assay technique. Demographic and behavioural information were obtained through a structured questionnaire. …

  4. Integrating a youth-based stigma and discrimination reduction curriculum in higher education: St Xavier’s College

    Stigmatizing attitudes towards people living with HIV (PLHIV) are common among young people. Yet there are few opportunities for youth to be exposed to interventions that address the key drivers of stigma and discrimination, namely lack of awareness of stigma and its harmful consequences, social judgment and fear of infection through casual contact. This project demonstrated that higher education can be an effective entry point for stigma reduction, by working with several groups and environments, in this case the faculty, students and college. …

  5. Sexual behaviour and knowledge regarding sexually transmitted infections among undergraduate students in Durban, South Africa

    The objective of this cross-sectional study was to identify the sexual behavior and knowledge of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) amongst 752 undergraduate university students in South Africa, using self-administered questionnaires. More than half reported presently being sexually active, the majority used contraceptives and especially used condoms. Almost a third of the sample, had multiple sexual partners, and more than a quarter of them reported to have sex under the influence of alcohol. …

  6. Représentations de l'homosexualité en milieu étudiant : synthèse de l'enquête SOS homophobie - CAELIF

    Cette enquête menée au printemps 2010 permet de dresser un premier panorama des perceptions de l'homosexualité et de l'homophobie dans un milieu ciblé : celui des étudiant-e-s des grandes écoles et universités d'Île-de-France. L'administration de ce questionnaire et l'analyse des résultats sont le fruit d'une collaboration entre SOS homophobie et le Caélif, fédération qui rassemble un certain nombre d'associations LGBT des grandes écoles et des universités franciliennes (et limitrophes). …

  7. This was my hell: the violence experienced by gender non-conforming youth in US high schools

    This paper explores the experiences of harassment and violence endured by seven gender nonconforming youth in US high schools. Based on a larger research project, it opens an inquiry into the school-based lives of gender-variant teens, a group heretofore ignored by most academics and educators. Breaking violence down into two main types (physical and sexual), this work uses informants' voices, along with 'doing gender' theory, to analyze the experiences of butch lesbian girls, trans teenagers, and genderqueer youth. …

  8. Percepción de estudiantes universitarios sobre la homo/lesbofobia en Costa Rica

    Estudio que pretende conocer las actitudes y pensamientos de los y las jóvenes universitarios de Costa Rica hacia la población gay y lésbica, además de los mitos y estereotipos aún vigentes respecto a este último grupo. La investigación se aplicó a 500 jóvenes universitarios/as, hombres y mujeres de la Universidad de Costa Rica, Universidad Nacional e Instituto Tecnológico de Costa Rica.

  9. The Impact of HIV/AIDS on Education in Namibia

    The Impact of HIV/AIDS on Education in Namibia has been published to provide empirical information on the impact of this epidemic on the education sector in Namibia to all those who find it relevant. …

  10. Sexual and Reproductive Health Behaviour of Students of Tertiary Institutions in Nigeria

    This study uses both quantitative and qualitative approaches to obtain data from 1448 students equally selected from six tertiary institutions from Nigeria's three main divisions.The main objectives were to investigate the sexulal behaviour of students and highlight aspects likely to increase vulnerability to HIV infection. It is hoped that the information can used to underpin evidence-based interventions.

  11. Perception of and attitudes to HIV/AIDS among young adults at the University of Cape Town

    Given the exponential rate of growth of HIV/AIDS in the Western Cape in recent years, and university concerns about the health of students and others, knowledge about young peoples' ideas and social constructs of the virus and syndrome is important. Medical anthropology lecturers Fiona Ross and Susan Levine present here their preliminary findings about University of Cape Town student perceptions regarding HIV/AIDS. …

  12. HIV/AIDS in Tertiary institutions in Ghana

    This draft report looks at the effects of HIV/AIDS in tertiary institutions in Ghana. The study investigates the manner in which HIV/AIDS has affected personnel, operations and use of resources at selected tertiary institutions in Ghana; how institutions have responded and measures they were taking to control and limit further infection; the developments in teaching, research, publications and advisory services which institutions have initiated because of the infection, and the extent to which institutions propose to respond to the negative impact of HIV/AIDS. …

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