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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Sexual behaviour and knowledge regarding sexually transmitted infections among undergraduate students in Durban, South Africa

    The objective of this cross-sectional study was to identify the sexual behavior and knowledge of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) amongst 752 undergraduate university students in South Africa, using self-administered questionnaires. More than half reported presently being sexually active, the majority used contraceptives and especially used condoms. Almost a third of the sample, had multiple sexual partners, and more than a quarter of them reported to have sex under the influence of alcohol. …

  2. Faculty views of HIV and AIDS education in the curriculum at tertiary level

    Although much has been written on the need to integrate HIV into tertiary education programmes, very little research has been done in terms of how it should be done. This article will report on the first phase of a larger action research project designed to research, develop and evaluate best practices for the transformation of the curricula of higher education programmes to make them more relevant and responsive to the realities of living and working in the age of AIDS. …

  3. Third degree. AIDS Review

    This Review is a collaboration between HAICU, based at the University of Cape Town, and the CSA, based at the University of Pretoria. These two organisations are committed to finding ways to understand and explain the HIV and AIDS epidemics, and to determining how tertiary institutions and the wider society may come to address and act on the many complex and fascinating social, moral, political, economic and educational issues that the epidemics raise.

  4. Assessing knowledge, attitude, and practice of emergency contraception: a cross-sectional study among Ethiopian undergraduate female students

    The importance of Emergency contraception (EC) is evident in preventing unintended pregnancies and its ill consequences like unintended child delivery or unsafe abortion, which are the most common causes of maternal mortality. Knowing that Ethiopia is one of the countries with highest maternal mortality rate, this study aimed to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of EC, and to further elucidate the relationship between these factors and some socioeconomic and demographic characteristics among female undergraduate students of Addis Ababa University. …

  5. University students and HIV in Namibia: an HIV prevalence survey and a knowledge and attitude survey

    With an overall adult HIV prevalence of 15.3%, Namibia is facing one of the largest HIV epidemics in Africa. Young people aged 20 to 34 years constitute one of the groups at highest risk of HIV infection in Namibia. However, little is known about the impact of HIV on this group and its access to healthcare. The purpose of this study was to estimate HIV prevalence, to assess the knowledge of and attitudes towards HIV/AIDS, and to assess access to healthcare among university students in Namibia.

  6. Enabling journalism educators to support comprehensive governance responses to HIV/AIDS and other development challenges through journalism education: assessment of the current status of HIV/AIDS teaching in four journalism schools in South Africa

    This report provides: 1. Analysis and reflection of current approaches to include HIV/AIDS and other development issues in journalism education at participating institutions. 2. Teaching approaches at the participating institutions with potential to prepare journalism students for their roles in democratic process. 3. Recommendations, based on the assessment results, on how HIV/AIDS can form part of curricula. 4. An outline of a proposed curriculum that uses HIV and AIDS issues as a basis for exploring civic-minded approaches to journalistic practice based on the assessment findings.

  7. Peer education as a HIV prevention strategy: Perceptions of college students in Durban, South Africa

    This one page document summarizes a study conducted looking at views of peer education of university students in Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa. Key findings include: peer educators also benefit from the programme, there are many positive attitudes towards peer education, yet there are barriers that impede participation in such programs and often poor attendance at peer education activities. …

  8. Revue des stratégies de communication lors des séances d'IEC VIH-sida en milieu scolaire et/ou universitaire au Bénin : méthodes, messages, impacts et perspectives

    L'objectif principal de cette recherche est d'étudier et d'analyser l'adaptabilité et les impacts des campagnes ou stratégies de communication des séances d'information, d'éducation et de communication (IEC-VIH-SIDA) en milieu scolaire et/ou universitaire en rapport avec le contexte socioculturel béninois Dans cette optique, l'accent sera surtout mis sur la revue des différentes séances d'IEC en matière de VIH/SIDA effectuées en présentant les stratégies étudiées, les supports utilisés et les messages transmis et en procédant par la suite à une analyse des données recueillies.

  9. Perceptions, attitudes et pratiques face au VIH/SIDA dans les universités de Ouagadougou, de Bobo-Dioulasso et de Koudougou : la réponse de l'intelligentsia burkinabe est-elle adéquate ?

    La présente recherche réalisée au sein des universités de Ouagadougou, de Bobo-Dioulasso et de Koudougou, analyse les perceptions, les attitudes et les pratiques des universitaires face au VIH/Sida et leur réponse en matière de lutte contre ce phénomène.

  10. VIH/SIDA et l'enseignement supérieur: programmes, pratiques institutionnelles, gestion/formation du corps enseignants /étudiants à l'Université de Lomé (Togo)

    De nos jours la pandémie du VIH/SIDA a atteint toutes les couches socioprofessionnelles. Ainsi, l'organisation des campagnes de sensibilisation et d'éducation devrait être un facteur important dans la prise de conscience des acteurs sociaux. Malheureusement les réalités du terrain sont en déphasage avec les politiques et programmes des associations des institutions et des ONG militant en faveur de l'éradication du mal. …

  11. Experience of sexual coercion and risky sexual behavior among Ugandan university students

    The aim of this study was to assess the association between the experience of sexual coercion and risky sexual behavior among university students of both sexes in Uganda. In 2005, 980 (80%) out of a total of 1,220 students enrolled in Mbarara University of Science and Technology in Uganda participated in a self-administered questionnaire covering sociodemographic and religious factors, social capital, mental health, alcohol use, and sexual behavior. A validated scale of six items was used to assess the experience of sexual coercion. …

  12. The response of higher education institutions in Africa to the HIV and AIDS epidemic: synthesis of four sub-regional surveys in sub-Saharan Africa

    The Association of African Universities (AAU) runs an HIV and AIDS Programme dubbed 'African Universities Responding to HIV and AIDS' which aims at ensuring that the higher education community in Africa uses all available means to prevent the spread, mitigate the impact and manage the HIV and AIDS epidemic. …

  13. Percepción de estudiantes universitarios sobre la homo/lesbofobia en Costa Rica para diagnóstico, con enfoque de género, sobre la situación del estigma, la discriminación y la homofobia en Costa Rica

    Este estudio pretende ayudarnos a identificar los conocimientos, las actitudes y las prácticas que un sector de la población tiene con respecto a los gay y lesbianas en Costa Rica, que aunque no necesariamente es el punto de partida de un análisis profundo de estos comportamientos, sí nos refleja parte la cotidianidad de sus expresiones, tanto homofóbicas, como respetuosas. Ambas expresiones son solo un resultado de un sistema social, educativo e institucionalizado en construcción. …

  14. Représentations de l'homosexualité en milieu étudiant : synthèse de l'enquête SOS homophobie - CAELIF

    Cette enquête menée au printemps 2010 permet de dresser un premier panorama des perceptions de l'homosexualité et de l'homophobie dans un milieu ciblé : celui des étudiant-e-s des grandes écoles et universités d'Île-de-France. L'administration de ce questionnaire et l'analyse des résultats sont le fruit d'une collaboration entre SOS homophobie et le Caélif, fédération qui rassemble un certain nombre d'associations LGBT des grandes écoles et des universités franciliennes (et limitrophes). …

  15. Stonewall's legacy

    Contemporary American colleges are increasingly queer places, where significant steps toward inclusion of BGLT students have been made. Tracing the journey of BGLT students' emergence, which parallels the modern gay rights movement in America, this monograph provides an overview of data and theory derived from studying BGLT students and student movements in higher education. …

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