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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Knowledge of HIV/AIDS and attitudes towards people living with HIV among the general staff of a public university in Malaysia

    Stigma and discrimination towards people living with HIV have been widely documented, and have extended their impact into the workplace. Stigmatising attitudes towards people living with HIV (PLHIV) in the workplace significantly hinder HIV prevention efforts and indirectly affect national development. This cross-sectional study was designed to determine the level of knowledge about HIV and AIDS and assess attitudes towards PLHIV among the general staff of Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), as well as to identify factors that are associated with it.

  2. This was my hell: the violence experienced by gender non-conforming youth in US high schools

    This paper explores the experiences of harassment and violence endured by seven gender nonconforming youth in US high schools. Based on a larger research project, it opens an inquiry into the school-based lives of gender-variant teens, a group heretofore ignored by most academics and educators. Breaking violence down into two main types (physical and sexual), this work uses informants' voices, along with 'doing gender' theory, to analyze the experiences of butch lesbian girls, trans teenagers, and genderqueer youth. …

  3. Gender differences in KAP related to HIV/AIDS among freshmen in Afghan universities

    This cross-sectional study aimed to describe the level of knowledge, perception/attitude, and practices related to HIV among 1,054 freshmen students in four Afghan universities differences between genders. A probability, two stage sampling method was used. Data were collected by a self administered structured questionnaire. SPSS software was used for data analysis. Descriptive and inferential statistics were performed. Most of respondents were male (72.1%), their average age was 20.1 ± 2 years, and most were unmarried (93.4%). …

  4. The HIV challenge to education: a collection of essays

    The 10 essays in this volume look at the many and complex relationships between HIV/AIDS and education. It is clear that education in an AIDS-affected world cannot be the same as that in an AIDS-free world. It is imperative to adapt educational planning and management principles, curriculum-development goals, and the provision of education itself, in order to take into account this pandemic which affects the very fabric of society. …

  5. Universities and HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa: University of Zambia

    This case study on the University of Zambia aimed at answering the following questions: In what ways has the University of Zambia been affected by HIV/AIDS? How has the university responded to these impacts? What steps is the university taking to control and limit the further spread of HIV/AIDS in its community? What HIV/AIDS-related teaching, research, publication, and advisory services has the university undertaken? How does the university propose to anticipate and address the larger impact of HIV/AIDS on the national labour market for university graduates? …

  6. Universities and HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa: a case study of the University of Ghana, Legon

    This study is in response to the ADEA Working Group on Higher Education's decision to undertake case studies on the way HIV/AIDS affects some individual universities in Africa, and to document the responses and coping mechanisms that these institutions have developed. The purpose of the exercise is to generate understanding of the way the disease is affecting universities and to identify responses of staff, students and management that might profitably be shared with sister institutions in similar circumstances. Essentially, the studies are designed to answer five questions: 1. …

  7. Diagnóstico. Educando a la población y organizando a la comunidad. Profesional, Estudiantil y Técnica para el manejo y Prevención del VIH/SIDA (y otras enfermedades que tengan carácter epidémico y pandémico)

    De la experiencia percibida a través de la Unión de Universidades de América Latina (UDUAL) y la Asociación Latinoamericana de Facultades y Escuelas de Medicina (ALAFEM), la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala, ante el avance del flagelo del Virus de Inmunodeficiencia Humana (VIH), promovió realizar un programa, cuya primera fase es un proceso de investigación en las facultades de medicina de América Latina y el Caribe, que permita contar con información y resultados, que puedan servir de base para tomar una posición en la formación del recurso humano de los estud …

  8. Percepción de estudiantes universitarios sobre la homo/lesbofobia en Costa Rica

    Estudio que pretende conocer las actitudes y pensamientos de los y las jóvenes universitarios de Costa Rica hacia la población gay y lésbica, además de los mitos y estereotipos aún vigentes respecto a este último grupo. La investigación se aplicó a 500 jóvenes universitarios/as, hombres y mujeres de la Universidad de Costa Rica, Universidad Nacional e Instituto Tecnológico de Costa Rica.

  9. The roles of educators in mitigating the impact of the HIV/AIDS pandemic on the education system in South Africa. Full report

    The purpose of the study summarised in this document was to determine the roles of educators in mitigating the impact of the HIV/AIDS pandemic, and to ascertain the skills and knowledge required by them to play such roles effectively. Recognising that educators have a crucial role to play in all education subsectors, the study investigated the current and possible future roles of educators in schools and further education and training (FET) colleges as well as those of educators working in the higher education (HE) subsector.

  10. HIV prevalence and related factors - higher education sector study, South Africa, 2008-2009

    The broad objectives of this study are to obtain HIV prevalence statistics and HIV behavioural response profiles of staff and students in higher education in South Africa. The results should inform the sector response in a meaningful way, particularly with regard to policy, funding and implementation of prevention, treatment, care and support interventions. …

  11. ICT as the new red ribbon: hot or not? Results of the BELSPO research into digital strategies for HIV and AIDS campaigning in a South African university context

    This research conducted at the University of the Western Cape (UWC) aimed to gain insights into the way in which new technologies could be employed in the fight against HIV and AIDS in a tertiary education context. The overall research question for this case study was: Are new technologies, with their unique characteristics like interactivity and anonymity, appropriate media for innovative HIV and AIDS campaigns in a university context? In other words, are new technologies, computers and the internet in particular, appropriate media for stimulating dialogue and fighting the AIDS fatigue?

  12. A Study of the Education Sector's Response to HIV and AIDS in Ghana

    The Study of the Education Sector Response to HIV and AIDS in Ghana provides a case study of how the challenges of the HIV and AIDS epidemic are being met by the Government of Ghana, through the Education Strategic Plan, which seeks to promote and apply multiple interventions in the formal education system in response to the epidemic and it's impact. The study shows best practices in gathering information and assessing it in order to "know your epidemic". …

  13. HIV and AIDS and higher education in Africa: a review of best practice models and trends

    This study, commissioned by the Association of African Universities, was conducted to identify the strengths, constraints and opportunities for addressing the human resource and policy challenges occassioned by the HIV and AIDS pandemic. A sample of between 12 and 15 institutions which exemplified best practices in the response to HIV and AIDS in Africa was identified. In documenting and disseminating these examples, it is hoped that other institutions will benefit from the sharing of new knowledge and contribute to the overall strengthening of the response to the epidemic. …

  14. The impact of HIV and AIDS on higher education institutions in Uganda

    This book examines ways in which HIV and AIDS affect higher education institutions in Uganda. A review of literature and a nationwide survey among staff and teachers in such institutions was undertaken in order to identify some of the predisposing factors to HIV-infection, and measures are proposed to help mitigate ist spread. While the study aims to gather details, facts and opinions from the different actors involved, its is hoped that their voices will be heard by those who have the power to take action in response to the problems and issues surrounding HIV and AIDS.

  15. Universities and HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa: the case of Benin

    Between July and September 2000, the first study of the impact of HIV/AIDS on the Universite Nationale du Benin (UNB) was conducted. In the course of the study, more than one hundred people were interviewed, including the Director of Higher Education and the Rector of the University. The study took place on the campuses at Abomey-Calavi, Cotonou and Porto-Novo, as well as in NGOs and public service departments that were not associated with the University or the Ministry of Education and Scientific Research (MENRS). …

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