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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Study of African universities' response to HIV/AIDS: case of Kenya

    Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is a tragedy of devastating proportions in sub-Saharan Africa. In Kenya, the cumulative number of deaths due to HIV/AIDS may rise to 2.6 million by the end of 2005 if no interventions are introduced. Most AIDS death occur between the ages of 25 and 35. This has resulted into serious socio-economic impact, particularly in Universities. …

  2. The significance of HIV/AIDS for universities in Africa

    Almost a quarter of a century on into the AIDS epidemic, many universities have not fully grasped the fact of their HIV/AIDS condition and its implications for their continued effective functioning. In the naïve belief that they were responding to the epidemic they have regarded it as essentially a health problem and a student problem, and hence have concentrated on the traditional services offered on campuses through the campus health clinics and student support services. …

  3. Where has all the education gone in Africa? Employment outcomes among secondary school and university leavers.

    This report presents the main findings of an international research project that has evaluated the education and employment experiences of secondary school leavers and university graduates in four African countries - Malawi, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zimbabwe. The four countries were also selected because they have or have had very high HIV prevalence rates. …

  4. UNESCO review of higher education institutions' responses to HIV and AIDS. Viet Nam: the case of the Hanoi University of Education

    This study is a part of the global UNESCO Review of Universities' Response to HIV/AIDS. The study aims to draw lessons learned and recommendations for strengthening higher education's response to HIV/AIDS. Hanoi University of Education, a leading Teacher Training University in Viet Nam, was selected for this study due to its achievements in HIV/AIDS prevention and its potential contributions to the objective of the study.

  5. UNESCO review of higher education institutions' responses to HIV and AIDS. The West Indies: the case of the University of the West Indies

    UNESCO has undertaken a study of the response of Universities to the HIV/AIDS epidemic and the University of The West Indies (UWI) was selected as one of these. When reviewed against the general overview of the response of the tertiary sector internationally, the UWI shows a strong commitment to HIV and AIDS management and to the development of a comprehensive and innovative programme. The existing UWI response is summarised followed by some of the interesting observations and lessons learned and some suggestions for expanding the programme and the development of new initiatives. …

  6. UNESCO review of higher education institutions' responses to HIV and AIDS. Thailand: the case of the University of Chiang Mai

    The overall objective of this review is to identify promising approaches undertaken by higher education institutions worldwide to prevent the further spread of HIV, to manage the impact of HIV/AIDS on the higher education sector, and to mitigate the effects of HIV/AIDS on individuals and communities. These approaches will be analysed to formulate lessons learned and recommendations for higher education institutions to respond sensitively, appropriately, and effectively to the HIV/AIDS epidemic.

  7. UNESCO review of higher education institutions' responses to HIV and AIDS. Suriname: the case of Anton de Kon University of Suriname (ADEKUS) and the Institute for Advanced Teacher Training (IOL)

    This case study is one of 12 undertaken by UNESCO to deepen the understanding of the impact of HIV/AIDS on tertiary education institutions and the response of these institutions to HIV/AIDS in different social and cultural contexts, at varying stages of the epidemic, and in different regions of the world. Institutions of higher learning have the possibility of reaching young people in the age group, 15-24 years, considered by UNAIDS to be the most threatened by HIV/AIDS. …

  8. UNESCO review of higher education institutions' responses to HIV and AIDS. People's Republic of China: the case of Renmin University of China

    Although overall HIV prevalence in China remains relatively low since the first AIDS case was reported in 1985, there are clusters of high prevalence among former blood and plasma sellers in several central provinces and injecting drug users (IDU) in the southern and southwestern parts of the country. Case reports indicate that the epidemic continues to grow at a steady rate, and is spreading into the general population, with the proportion of sexually transmitted HIV infections continuing to increase. …

  9. UNESCO review of higher education institutions' responses to HIV and AIDS. Lesotho: the case of the National University of Lesotho

    HIV/AIDS is having a devastating impact on the health and livelihoods of Basotho. The country is estimated to have the third highest infection rate in Sub-Saharan Africa, with increasing numbers of HIV/AIDS orphans. The National University of Lesotho (NUL) can play an important role in combating the challenges posed by HIV/AIDS. It is the only university in the country and as such educates the future leaders and policy makers of the nation. It is also a major producer of research knowledge. …

  10. UNESCO review of higher education institutions' responses to HIV and AIDS. Lebanon: the case of the American University of Beirut, Lebanese University, and the University of Saint Joseph

    The first AIDS case was identified in Lebanon in 1984, followed by a steady increase in the number of cases of people living with HIV/AIDS. This increase in conjunction with existing social, cultural and economic factors in the country (conservative segments of society, religiosity, open tourism, migrant labour) renders the situation more critical. HIV prevalence remains low with the cumulative number of reported cases by December 2004 at 808, although data remain inconsistent due to under-reporting. …

  11. UNESCO review of higher education institutions' responses to HIV and AIDS. Dominican Republic: the case of Pontificia Universidad Católica Madre y Maestra, Santiago campus

    Dominican Republic has a notably young population-61% of the population is aged from 15 to 24 years. The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) reports that more than half of new HIV infections occur in this age range, which makes the promotion of preventive measures include risk-reductive behaviours important at the national level and, in particular, in places where youngsters interact on a daily basis, such as university campuses.There is evidence that college students in the Dominican Republic have heard about sexually transmitted diseases (STIs), HIV and AIDS. …

  12. UNESCO review of higher education institutions' responses to HIV and AIDS: Democratic Republic of the Congo: the case of the University of Kinshasa

    This study is part of a UNESCO review in 12 countries to identify promising approaches undertaken by higher education institutions to prevent the spread of HIV, to manage the impact of HIV/AIDS on the higher education sector and to mitigate the effects of HIV/AIDS on individuals, campuses and communities. These approaches will be analysed to identify lessons learned and to make recommendations to higher education institutions to respond appropriately and effectively to HIV/AIDS. …

  13. UNESCO review of higher education institutions' responses to HIV and AIDS. Brazil: the case of the University of Brasilia

    The University of Brasilia (UnB) lacks an institutional policy towards the HIV/AIDS epidemic, be it directed to its own university community or to the community beyond its invisible walls. Nevertheless, various initiatives have been developed and implemented since 1996, especially in its Medical, Social Services and Psychology schools. Furthermore, the University's Hospital (HUB) is a reference centre for treatment and care of people living with HIV/AIDS in Brasilia and its surrounding towns. …

  14. Towards health promoting schools in Africa: an examination of selected health issues in African universities and schools

    This paper will provide an overview of the HIV/AIDS situation globally and in Africa. It will then provide the present status of HIV/AIDS in higher education institutions and schools in Africa, including examples of good practice with respect to teaching, research and community service, and present barriers and challenges. The section entitled "where do we go from here?" deals with how higher education institutions might dramatically increase their efforts to comprehensively "Challenge the Challenger", the HIV/AIDS epidemic. …

  15. The universities' response to HIV/AIDS: selected examples from Africa

    This paper summarises the present situation in terms of African universities and their response to HIV/AIDS and lists examples of good practice.

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