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The Fifth South African National HIV Prevalence, Incidence, Behaviour and Communication Survey, (SABSSM V), a population-based cross-sectional survey of households in South Africa, was designed to assess the prevalence and trends of key HIV–related indicators. The survey was conducted between January and December 2017 by the Human Sciences Research Council (HSRC) and provides information on national and sub-national progress toward HIV epidemic control in the country. This report summarizes the HIV epidemic and impact of South Africa’s national HIV response.
Understanding the demographic and socioeconomic patterns of the prevalence and incidence of HIV/AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa is crucial for developing programs and policies to combat HIV/AIDS. This paper looks critically at the methods and analytical challenges to study the links between socioeconomic and demographic status and HIV/AIDS. Some of the misconceptions about the HIV/AIDS epidemic are discussed and unusual empirical evidence from the existing body of work is presented. Several important messages emerge from the results. …
This report summarizes HIV prevalence and the associations between HIV serostatus and key characteristics and behaviors of adult women and men in 22 developing countries, primarily in sub- Saharan Africa. Data come from Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and AIDS Indicator Surveys (AIS) conducted between 2001 and 2006. In most of these surveys, nationally representative samples of women age 15-49 and men age 15-59 were tested for HIV. …
The report summarizes the findings of the 2002 Vietnam Demographic and Health Survey carried out by the General Statistical Office with regard to demographic conditions, family planning, infant and child mortality, and health-related information about breastfeeding, antenatal care, child immunizations, common children's diseases, and HIV/AIDS.
Chapter in: Fifth Asian and Pacific Population Conference Selected Papers.
The objective of the Cambodian National Health Survey (NHS) is to provide the Ministry of Health of Cambodia with population-based, nationally representative data on infant/child mortality, fertility, and related health service indicators.
The objectives of the BSS IV are to: describe sexual behaviour of general population of Cambodian men; compare risk for HIV/AIDS between urban and rural Cambodian men; and compare male sentinel groups to general population.
Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices (KAP) survey was conducted in Chhlong Operational District of Kratie province, Cambodia to find out KAP of women of reproductive age (15-45) with regard to reproduction and pregnancy, contraceptive knowledge and use, fertility preferences, STDs and AIDS, and abortion. Information from the survey served as a baseline for the Northeast Cambodia Reproductive Health Program.
This report details the available data on HIV/AIDS in Central and Eastern Europe and the CIS. It explains the causes of the epidemic in this region and offers policy options to halt the spread of the disease. …