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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. A study of the association of HIV infection with wealth in sub-Saharan Africa

    This study examines the association between wealth and HIV serostatus to identify what specific characteristics and behaviors of the wealthier are associated with HIV infection, and to what extent confounding factors such as place of residence and other risk factors mediate this association. This study finds that, contrary to evidence for other infectious diseases and theoretical expectations, in sub-Saharan Africa HIV prevalence is not disproportionately higher among adults living in poorer households. …

  2. Demographic and socioeconomic patterns of HIV/AIDS prevalence in Africa

    Understanding the demographic and socioeconomic patterns of the prevalence and incidence of HIV/AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa is crucial for developing programs and policies to combat HIV/AIDS. This paper looks critically at the methods and analytical challenges to study the links between socioeconomic and demographic status and HIV/AIDS. Some of the misconceptions about the HIV/AIDS epidemic are discussed and unusual empirical evidence from the existing body of work is presented. Several important messages emerge from the results. …

  3. Orphanhood and the living arrangements of children in Sub-Saharan Africa

    Increasing adult mortality due to AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa raises considerable concerns about the welfare of surviving children. Studies have found substantial variability across countries in the negative impacts of orphanhood on child health and education. One hypothesis for this variability is the resilience of the extended family network in some countries to care for orphans - networks under increasing pressure by the sheer number of orphans in many settings. …

  4. AIDS and the accumulation and utilization of human capital in Africa

    Education is among the most prominent of the great challenges of development. This paper outlines the likely effects of the AIDS pandemic in Africa on the continent's ability to produce education and use it effectively for growth and poverty reduction. Four channels are explored. First, a supply effect: The deaths of millions of adults, and among them hundreds of thousands of teachers, will bring an increase in Africa's already relatively high fiscal burden of teacher salaries or the need to reduce the educational requirements of teachers. …

  5. Assessment of the socio-economic impact of HIV and AIDS on key sectors in Kenya

    The report shows that HIV and AIDS has varied and far reaching socio-economic impacts to the persons infected and affected and to the economy in general. These effects cannot be ignored in any of the sectors and the economy as a whole, if national and millennium development goals are to be achieved. HIV and AIDS has the greatest effect on people in their prime years of economic productivity, and is uniquely devastating as it increases poverty and reverses human development achievements. …

  6. Levels and spread of HIV seroprevalence and associated factors: evidence from national household surveys

    This report summarizes HIV prevalence and the associations between HIV serostatus and key characteristics and behaviors of adult women and men in 22 developing countries, primarily in sub- Saharan Africa. Data come from Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and AIDS Indicator Surveys (AIS) conducted between 2001 and 2006. In most of these surveys, nationally representative samples of women age 15-49 and men age 15-59 were tested for HIV. …

  7. National human development report 2006 : Lesotho. The challenges of HIV and AIDS, poverty and food insecurity

    This Report discusses the state of human development in Lesotho at the turn of this new millennium. Almost seven years into this century, Lesotho has been faced with a combination of problems that do not seem to be amenable to easy solution, and that threaten to hold back, even reverse, its socio -economic progress. The nexus of the mutually reinforcing effects of chronic poverty, inequality and food insecurity is being compounded by the impact of the pervasive and growing HIV epidemic.

  8. 2007 Zambia human development report. Enhancing household capacity to respond to HIV and AIDS

    Currently, most effective responses to HIV/AIDS have been community and national driven. Now it has become apparent that people play a key role as individuals and as members of social systems such as families in effectively responding to the HIV/AIDS pandemic. As such the Report will focus on enhancing the capacity of households to fight HIV/AIDS at the household level. …

  9. Mortality, mobility, and schooling outcomes among orphans. Evidence from Malawi

    More than 30 percent of school-aged children have lost at least one parent in Malawi. Lack of investments in human capital and adverse conditions during childhood are often associated with lower living standards in the future. Therefore, if orphans face an increased risk of poverty, exploitation, malnutrition, and poorer access to health care and schooling, early intervention is critical so as to avoid the potential poverty trap. …

  10. HIV/AIDS, human resources and sustainable development. World summit on sustainable development, Johannesburg, 2002

    In two decades, AIDS has killed more than 20 million people. By 2020, another 68 million face premature death in the 45 most affected countries, unless concerted and effective action is taken now. Sustainable development implies a balance between environmental and economic and social development. The devastation of the AIDS epidemic is draining the human and institutional capacities that fuel sustainable development. Prevention works. Treatment and care save lives. An effective, long-term response to the epidemic hinges on recognizing and protecting people's rights. …

  11. Vietnam demographic and health survey 2002

    The report summarizes the findings of the 2002 Vietnam Demographic and Health Survey carried out by the General Statistical Office with regard to demographic conditions, family planning, infant and child mortality, and health-related information about breastfeeding, antenatal care, child immunizations, common children's diseases, and HIV/AIDS.

  12. HIV/AIDS and poverty: the impact of HIV/AIDS in the ESCAP region

    Chapter in: Fifth Asian and Pacific Population Conference Selected Papers.

  13. Conveying concerns: women report on families in transition

    Many features of modern life are changing the structure of house-holds and the nature of family life. More women are seeking paid employment, and the number of single-parent and two-earner families is growing. At the same time, family members are more dispersed as those who might normally share a home leave their villages, towns, and even their countries to find work. In many parts of the world, people are living longer, and increasing numbers of older people are facing questions of where to live and how to support themselves. …

  14. National health survey 1998

    The objective of the Cambodian National Health Survey (NHS) is to provide the Ministry of Health of Cambodia with population-based, nationally representative data on infant/child mortality, fertility, and related health service indicators.

  15. Cambodian household male behavioral surveillance survey, IV 2000

    The objectives of the BSS IV are to: describe sexual behaviour of general population of Cambodian men; compare risk for HIV/AIDS between urban and rural Cambodian men; and compare male sentinel groups to general population.

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