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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Microfinance and Households Coping with HIV/AIDS in Zimbabwe: An Exploratory Study

    Describes findings from a study that investigated the effects of chronic illness and health on micro-entrepeneurs and their households. Examines how HIV/AIDS affects the operations of microfinance institutions. Research summary (2002) also available.

  2. Impact of HIV/AIDS in Botswana and on the Education Workforce

    This paper discusses the impact of HIV/AIDS in Botswana with particular reference to the education sector.

  3. HIV/AIDS, Lagging Policy Response and Impact on Children: the case of Côte d'Ivoire

    The broad objective of this study is to determine the impact of HIV/AIDS on the child's well-being with a view to identifying the appropriate methods for mitigating these effects and finding objective arguments for making a case for urgent action.These objectives will be met by collecting secondary data though a review of existing documents on the subject on one part and by collecting primary data by a series of field interviews on the other hand. …

  4. HIV/AIDS in Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States. Reversing the epidemic: facts and policy options

    This report details the available data on HIV/AIDS in Central and Eastern Europe and the CIS. It explains the causes of the epidemic in this region and offers policy options to halt the spread of the disease. …

  5. HIV/AIDS: What about very young children?

    Young children impacted by HIV/AIDS often seem to be almost invisible in the wider HIV/AIDS field. Yet no affected group is more vulnerable, more deserving or has greater potential to benefit from proper programming. The third in a dedicated sub-series of working papers devoted to young children and HIV/AIDS, this paper presents the results of research into the question of how to include very young children in programming and policy responses in HIV/AIDS affected communities.

  6. From single parents to child-headed households: the case of children orphaned by AIDS in Kisumu and Siaya districts in Kenya

    The socio-economic consequences of the HIV/AIDS epidemic are felt in a growing number of countries and increasing mortality rates among adults are threatening economic and social well-being.This study looks at the status, needs and skills of orphans, especially those orphaned by AIDS and shows that: when a husband dies of AIDS in a family, the mother is also often living with HIV/AIDS and dies shortly thereafter, leaving children as orphans most parents, even if they are aware of their terminal illness, do not attempt to make any alternative living arrangements for their children before their  …

  7. Expanding the Care Continuum for HIV/AIDS: Bringing Carers into Focus

    Explores the specific issues that cluster around the provision of "care" in the context of the global HIV/AIDS pandemic.

  8. Education access and retention for educationally marginalised children: innovations in social protection

    A review of social protection mechanisms for orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) in the education sector in the Eastern and Southern Africa Region (ESAR) was commissioned by the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) in 2005. This review was conducted by the MTT, and is one of three components of UNICEF's review of social protection mechanisms in the ESAR region, including reviews of the role of public works and cash transfers. …

  9. Contrasting Primary School Outcomes of Paternal and Maternal Orphans in Manicaland, Zimbabwe

    Fewer orphans are enrolled in school than other children but the extent of disadvantage-after allowing for their older average age- is small in most countries. Crosscountry analyses show variation in the size and strength of associations between orphanhood and education according to the form of parental loss experienced. However, maternal death is usually more detrimental to children's education chances than paternal death and double orphans are typically the least likely to be in school. These differences are not fully accounted for by differences in household socio-economic circumstances. …

  10. Communities facing the HIV/AIDS challenge: From crisis to opportunity, from community vulnerability to community resilience

    Rural households are managing as best they can in a rapidly changing and often threatening world which makes them vulnerable to the risk of HIV infection and ill-equipped to cope with the effects of AIDS. Their chances of managing can be improved if they function in a supportive environment. …

  11. Children 'in need of care' or in need of cash? Questioning social security provisions for orphans in the context of the South African AIDS pandemic

    In the face of international pressure and local concern regarding the repercussions of the AIDS pandemic for children in South Africa, as well as the review underway of both social assistance and children's legislation in the country, there is much debate regarding appropriate social security provision for children in the context of HIV/AIDS. To date, the focus has primarily been on exploring different mechanisms for the provision of cash grants to children who have been orphaned. …

  12. Challenging the Challenger: Understanding and expanding the response of universities in Africa to HIV/AIDS

    This report commissioned by ADEA sets out to understand how HIV/AIDS affects African universities and to identify responses. Based on case studies at 7 universities in 6 countries (Benin, Ghana, Kenya, Namibia, South Africa and Zambia) it compares and analyses the findings.

  13. Africa's orphaned generations

    The HIV/AIDS epidemic in sub-Saharan Africa has already orphaned a generation of children - and now seems set to orphan generations more.Today, over 11 million children under the age of 15 living in sub-Saharan Africa have been robbed of one or both parents by HIV/AIDS. Seven years from now, the number is expected tp have grown to 20 million. At that point, anywhere from 15 per cent to over 25 per cent of the children in a dozen sub-Saharan African countries will be orphans - the vast majority of them will have been orphaned by HIV/AIDS. …

  14. AIDS treatment and intrahousehold resource allocations: children's nutrition and schooling in Kenya

    The provision of life-saving antiretroviral (ARV) treatment has emerged as a key component of the global response to HIV/AIDS, but very little is known about the impact of this intervention on the welfare of children in the households of treated persons. We estimate the impact of ARV treatment on children's schooling and nutrition outcomes using longitudinal household survey data collected in collaboration with a treatment program in western Kenya. …

  15. AIDS in the context of development

    This paper was commissioned by UNRISD, in collaboration with UNAIDS, to provide back-ground for new comparative research on HIV/AIDS as a problem of development. Moving away from an epidemiological or behavioural focus on the pandemic, the essay begins by considering AIDS in the context of widespread and worsening poverty. Paper courtesy of UNRISD and UNAIDS.

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