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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Levels and spread of HIV seroprevalence and associated factors: evidence from national household surveys

    This report summarizes HIV prevalence and the associations between HIV serostatus and key characteristics and behaviors of adult women and men in 22 developing countries, primarily in sub- Saharan Africa. Data come from Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and AIDS Indicator Surveys (AIS) conducted between 2001 and 2006. In most of these surveys, nationally representative samples of women age 15-49 and men age 15-59 were tested for HIV. …

  2. The effect of HIV/AIDS on educational attainment

    Using data from Demographic and Health Surveys for eleven countries in sub-Saharan Africa,the authorestimates the effect of local HIV prevalence on individual human capital investment. The authorfinds that the HIV/AIDS epidemic has reduced human capital investment: living in an area with higher HIV prevalence is associated with lower levels of completed schooling and slower progress through school. These results are consistent with a model of human capital investment in which parents and children respond to changes in the expected return to schooling driven by mortality risk.

  3. Le VIH/SIDA dans le secteur de l'éducation au Mali

    L'approche sectorielle de l'épidémie du VIH /SIDA a amené les acteurs du système éducatif dans différents pays à aborder la question de son incidence sur l'école. L'UNESCO dans le cadre de son programme régional en Afrique a développé de nombreuses interventions. Les jeunes, en particulier les filles et les jeunes femmes âgées de 15 à 24 ans sont les plus vulnérables à l'infection au VIH. Cette tranche d'âge est celle qui constitue également la population scolaire. Elle est en outre le groupe qui doit assurer la relève pour le développement des pays africains. …

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