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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. A review of generalist and specialist community health workers for delivering adolescent health services in sub-Saharan Africa

    The health of adolescents is increasingly seen as an important international priority because the world’s one point eight billion young people (aged 10 to 24 years) accounts for 15.5% of the global burden of disease and are disproportionately located in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Furthermore, an estimated 70% of premature adult deaths are attributable to unhealthy behaviors often initiated in adolescence (such as smoking, obesity, and physical inactivity). …

  2. Cross-sectional study assessing HIV related knowledge, attitudes and behavior in Namibian public sector employees in capital and regional settings

    The study objective was to assess the current status of HIV knowledge, attitudes and behavior (KAB) among employees of Namibian ministries. As most HIV campaigning takes place in the capital of Windhoek, an additional aim was to compare Windhoek to four regions (Hardap, Erongo, Oshana, and Caprivi). Between January and March 2011 a cross-sectional survey was conducted in two Namibian ministries, with participants selected randomly from the workforce. Data collection was based on questionnaires. 832 participants were included in the study (51.6% male). …

  3. Situation assessment of the HIV response among young people in Zambia

    The main objective of this situational assessment is to compile and synthesize existing recent information on HIV and young people together with the current AIDS response for young people in Zambia, including programmes, policies, and key partners, and to document gaps and challenges in the response. In this document young people refers to individuals aged 10 to 24 years. It analyzes existing strategic information on HIV and young people and identifies gaps in the evidence and in the current HIV response.

  4. The HIV challenge to education: a collection of essays

    The 10 essays in this volume look at the many and complex relationships between HIV/AIDS and education. It is clear that education in an AIDS-affected world cannot be the same as that in an AIDS-free world. It is imperative to adapt educational planning and management principles, curriculum-development goals, and the provision of education itself, in order to take into account this pandemic which affects the very fabric of society. …

  5. Diagnóstico. Educando a la población y organizando a la comunidad. Profesional, Estudiantil y Técnica para el manejo y Prevención del VIH/SIDA (y otras enfermedades que tengan carácter epidémico y pandémico)

    De la experiencia percibida a través de la Unión de Universidades de América Latina (UDUAL) y la Asociación Latinoamericana de Facultades y Escuelas de Medicina (ALAFEM), la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala, ante el avance del flagelo del Virus de Inmunodeficiencia Humana (VIH), promovió realizar un programa, cuya primera fase es un proceso de investigación en las facultades de medicina de América Latina y el Caribe, que permita contar con información y resultados, que puedan servir de base para tomar una posición en la formación del recurso humano de los estud …

  6. Sistematización sobre el impacto y el abordaje del VIH/SIDA en el ámbito laboral en Nicaragua

    Informe de la OIT sobre el impacto del VIH/sida en el ámbito laboral en Nicaragua. Se describe la situación general de la epidemia a nivel nacional, su impacto en la fuerza laboral y la economía. También se detalla el marco legal que protege a los trabajadores y la respuesta gubernamental al problema. En la última parte se describen las prioridades para acciones futuras.

  7. Paper on the impact of HIV/AIDS on public sector human resources in Africa

    The public service is the biggest single employee in most of the African countries. In South Africa the public service is the single biggest employer, employing 1.037 million public servants in approximately 140 government departments at national and provincial level. The majority of departments and public servants (70%) are at provincial level and deal with service delivery at grass roots level. It follows that a very high number of the country's population are also dependants of public servants. …

  8. Estrés Laboral y Burn Out en los Servicios de Salud

    El estado de agotamiento emocional y estrés producido por el trabajo constituye en la actualidad un problema de salud mental que afecta a muchas personas. Entre los profesionales afectados con mayor frecuencia se encuentran los trabajadores de la salud, profesores y policías. Una de las dificultades esenciales en el enfrentamiento del burnout y del estrés es el hecho que en la mayoría de los casos, ni los afectados ni quienes los rodean reconocen a tiempo esta situación como un problema en su salud mental. …

  9. AIDS and the accumulation and utilization of human capital in Africa

    Education is among the most prominent of the great challenges of development. This paper outlines the likely effects of the AIDS pandemic in Africa on the continent's ability to produce education and use it effectively for growth and poverty reduction. Four channels are explored. First, a supply effect: The deaths of millions of adults, and among them hundreds of thousands of teachers, will bring an increase in Africa's already relatively high fiscal burden of teacher salaries or the need to reduce the educational requirements of teachers. …

  10. HIV/AIDS, human resources and sustainable development. World summit on sustainable development, Johannesburg, 2002

    In two decades, AIDS has killed more than 20 million people. By 2020, another 68 million face premature death in the 45 most affected countries, unless concerted and effective action is taken now. Sustainable development implies a balance between environmental and economic and social development. The devastation of the AIDS epidemic is draining the human and institutional capacities that fuel sustainable development. Prevention works. Treatment and care save lives. An effective, long-term response to the epidemic hinges on recognizing and protecting people's rights. …

  11. Report on the identification of critical areas for capacity replenishment in the public service

    This report presents the outcome of the study on the identification of critical areas for capacity replenishment in the public service. This report outlines the background to the assignment, its objectives, key challenges facing the Public Service in the delivery of core services and the main findings, observations and recommendations as well as the way forward. The study covered five selected institutions, namely; Ministries of Agriculture, Irrigation, and Food Security Education, Science and Technology, Health and Population, Water Development and the Malawi Police Service. …

  12. The impact of HIV/AIDS on public sector human resources in Africa

    The public service is the biggest single employee in most of the African countries. In South Africa the public service is the single biggest employer, employing 1.037 million public servants in approximately 140 government departments at national and provincial level. The majority of departments and public servants (70%) are at provincial level and deal with service delivery at grass roots level.1 It follows that a very high number of the country's population are also dependants of public servants. …

  13. Turbulence or orderly change? Teacher supply and demand in the age of AIDS

    Turbulence or orderly change? Teacher supply and demand in the age of AIDS

  14. The impact of HIV/AIDS on the education sector in Uganda: Study 2. Examining the impact of HIV/AIDS on governance in the education sector

    Despite the evident effects of the epidemic on the education sector, there has been no systematic research to look at its impact on education governance in Uganda, in terms of the performance of the descriptive and prescriptive roles of the different actors in the sector. There is still a paucity of data that quantitatively and qualitatively describe and analyse the impact of HIV/AIDS on education sector governance in respect to staff attrition, absenteeism, expenditure, financial planning, human resource planning and management. …

  15. The impact of HIV/AIDS on education in Botswana

    Since independence, Botswana has made great strides in economic and human development. In education, almost 100% of children now enrol in primary school, over 90% start secondary school and girls have enrollment rates similar to those of boys. However, Botswana's HIV epidemic is one of the world's most severe. The 2000 national antenatal survey of pregnant women found that 38.5% were HIV-positive and it is estimated that around one third of the adult population is infected. This presents a major challenge to further development and improvement in the accessibility and quality of education. …

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