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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Short-term effects of a rights-based sexuality education curriculum for high-school students: a cluster-randomized trial

    An emerging model for sexuality education is the rights-based approach, which unifies discussions of sexuality, gender norms, and sexual rights to promote the healthy sexual development of adolescents. A rigorous evaluation of a rights-based intervention for a broad population of adolescents in the U.S. has not previously been published. This paper evaluates the immediate effects of the Sexuality Education Initiative (SEI) on hypothesized psychosocial determinants of sexual behavior.

  2. Sexual politics and sexual rights in Brazil: An overview

    The objective of this text is to survey the political construction of sexual rights in Brazil working on themes that are especially relevant to the configuration of these rights (reproduction/abortion, STDs/AIDS and sexual diversity), and mapping the main actors, the legal instruments now in place or still being discussed and, lastly, the public policies that have been adopted in the last two decades. …

  3. Intersexuality and sexual rights in southern Brazil

    This paper reports of the socio‐medical management of intersexuality in a teaching hospital in southern Brazil. Findings reveal that the ‘search for sex’ in the body treats sex as a medical‐diagnostic category constructed during decision‐making negotiations. In the course of the various bodily ‘regulations’ and ‘corrections’ imposed, the insufficiency of a model in which categories are based around a sexual dichotomy is revealed. …

  4. Aprendiendo y educando con inclusión: guía de consulta sobre sexualidad, diversidad sexual y derechos humanos para docentes de educación básica regular

    Con esta guía, las y los docentes obtendrán información actualizada y científica para comprender una serie de aspectos sobre la sexualidad de las y los adolescentes y de jóvenes con orientaciones sexuales o identidades de género diferentes. Además, encontrarán información sobre el marco normativo internacional y nacional que ampara sus derechos, así como algunos recursos metodológicos para enfrentar situaciones de acoso escolar o bullying homofóbico, lesbofóbico y transfóbico, a nivel individual y al interior del aula.

  5. Educación sexual integral: Derecho humano y contribución a la formación integral

    El documento que presentamos es un resumen del trabajo conjunto elaborado por le Dirección de Tutoría y Orientación Educativa del Ministerio de Educación y la Representación de la UNESCO en Perú, cuyo propósito es proveer información y argumentación con respecto a la necesidad e importancia de la educación sexual integral en la formación de los niños, la niñas y los/as adolescentes, así como proporcionar elementos de juicio orientados a fortalecer los lineamientos de política educativa en materia de educación sexual. …

  6. Model school district policy regarding transgender and gender nonconforming students

    California law and District policy require that all programs, activities, and employment practices be free from discrimination based on sex, sexual orientation, or gender identity. This policy is designed in keeping with these mandates to create a safe learning environment for all students and to ensure that every student has equal access to all school programs and activities. …

  7. Barbados national HIV policy: a framework for action

    The objective of the Policy is to achieve positive and sustained behavioural change, not only among the vulnerable and marginalized groups, but also across the entire population through evidencebased planning and targeted interventions guided by operational research. This Policy is supported by data collection, sound analysis, and monitoring and evaluation to ensure that the interventions are well informed and effective.

  8. Práticas educativas e prevenção de HIV/Aids: lições aprendidas e desafios atuais

    A prevenção tem sido uma questão crucial para os programas de controle da Aids. Os enormes progressos doá conhecimento e da técnica nesse campo não chegaram a alterar substantivamente os determinantes fundamentais da infecção e adoecimento de significativos contingentes populacionais. Neste ensaio busca-se sistematizar as lições que aprendemos no campo da prevenção nessas duas décadas de epidemia, tomando como base, em especial, a experiência brasileira. …

  9. Variáveis culturais e psicossociais associadas à vulnerabilidade étnica ao HIV/AIDS: estudo comparativo entre Brasil e França

    Esta pesquisa teve por objetivo identificar aspectos culturais e psicossociais associados às vulnerabilidades de jovens afrodescendentes e brancos, no Brasil e na França, ao HIV/Aids. A pesquisa foi realizada em duas etapas: a primeira, qualitativa, com 36 entrevistas a estudantes do ensino médio no Brasil com o objetivo de fornecer elementos indicadores sobre a vulnerabilidade, conhecimentos e Representações Sociais da aids dos jovens brasileiros, além de indicar elementos para a elaboração de um questionário a ser aplicado na segunda etapa. …

  10. Overlooked and Uninformed: Young Adolescents' Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights

    Overlooked and Uninformed: Young Adolescents' Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights is a short informational brief focusing on young adolescents across the world and their needs to know about their bodies and their sexual rights and responsibilities. It aims to inform policymaking on the importance to include 10-14 years old adolescents in programs and policy regarding sexual and reproductive health and rights. The document states that all young people need information and skills to protect themselves from harm and to make free, informed, and responsible sexual and reproductive decisions. …

  11. Sexual and Reproductive Health Needs of Women and Adolescent Girls living with HIV. Research Report on Qualitative Findings from Brazil, Ethiopia and the Ukraine

    Sexual and Reproductive Health Needs of Women and Adolescent Girls living with HIV. Research Report on Qualitative Findings from Brazil, Ethiopia and the Ukraine is a document developed by EngenderHealth with the support of UNFPA. This research identified some interesting trends across the three countries and some issues unique to each setting that need to be considered in strategic planning efforts to improve HIV-positive women's and adolescent girl's access and utilization of sexual and reproductive health services. …

  12. Reality Counts. Focusing on Sexuality and Rights in the Fight against HIV/AIDS

    Reality Counts. Focusing on Sexuality and Rights in the Fight against HIV/AIDS is the third in a series of publications presented by the Swedish Association for Sexuality Education (RFSU) in 2004, in conjunction with the 10th anniversary of the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD), held in Cairo in 1994. This book consists of a collection of articles about HIV/AIDS around the world. …

  13. Prevenção da Aids com adolescentes encarcerados em São Paulo, SP

    OBJETIVOS: Descrever o perfil de adolescentes quanto ao apoio social e familiar, ao uso de drogas e os conhecimentos, as práticas e atitudes relacionadas à Aids e sua prevenção. MÉTODOS: Foram estudados 275 jovens internos, do sexo masculino, de um centro de internação da Fundação Estadual do Bem Estar do Menor (Febem), em São Paulo, SP. …

  14. Promoción de la salud sexual. Recomendaciones para la acción

    El surgimiento de nuevos problemas, en particular la pandemia del VIH/SIDA, ha intensificado nuestra percepción en relación con la urgente necesidad de mejorar los programas de capacitación en sexualidad y de adoptar un enfoque mucho más concertado e integral de los problemas relativos a la misma. …

  15. Plan estratégico multisectorial de la respuesta nacional al VIH/SIDA 2007-2015

    Primera parte: caracterización del país que determina los rasgos geográficos, étnicos y demográficos de la epidemia; condiciones socio-culturales, económicas y políticas que contextualizan la respuesta nacional y justifican la selección de los sectores prioritarios para la acción; marco jurídico sobre el que se ampara la respuesta al VIHSIDA; características y la evolución tanto de la epidemia como de la respuesta y su impacto macro y micro económico. …

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