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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Sex Between Men in Your City. A situational analysis of community rsponses to sexual health and HIV among men who have sex with men and transgender populations in six metrepolitan cities in developed Asia

    While developed countries in Asia are experiencing a low-level HIV epidemic prevalence is much higher in specific populations such as men who have sex with men, sex workers, and people who use drugs. Many MSM and transgender people report discrimination which limits their access to health services and many other areas such as education, employment and legal services. …

  2. Piecing it together for women and girls. The gender dimensions of HIV-related stigma: evidence from Bangladesh, the Dominican Republic and Ethiopia

    This report focuses on the gender dimensions of HIV-related stigma. It aims to fill a gap and advance a more nuanced understanding and more effective advocacy on how stigma affects women and girls living with HIV more, less or differently to men and boys. This is an advocacy tool for use by relevant stakeholders - from international donors to global policy makers, national governments, programme managers, civil society and people living with HIV. …

  3. Left without a choice. Barriers to reproductive health in Indonesia

    This report reflects Amnesty International's recent analysis on the extent to which certain Indonesian laws have incorporated international human rights law and standards, including provisions contained in CEDAW, to which Indonesia is a state party. In particular, it builds on a series of open letters addressed to Indonesian authorities in late 2009 and early 2010, which highlighted some of the shortcomings of certain laws in guaranteeing non-discrimination and sexual and reproductive rights. …

  4. Do you know how it is to live in the shadow? report on the state of human rights of people living with HIV/AIDS and most at risk groups

    This report is structured in several chapters which approach the issue of human rights and people living with HIV/AIDS in Croatia. The introductory chapters are followed by several texts on most at risk groups included in this project. These include overviews on men who have sex with men; injecting drug users; women and HIV; and young people. The problems met by the members of these groups regarding HIV/AIDS, as well as their position in the Republic of Croatia are explained in detail in the texts. …

  5. Epidemic of Inequality. Women's Rights and HIV/AIDS in Botswana and Swaziland. An Evidence-Based Report on the Effects of Gender Inequity, Stigma and Discrimination

    Deeply entrenched gender inequities perpetuate the AIDS pandemic in Botswana and Swaziland, the two countries with the highest HIV prevalence in the world. The legal systems in both countries grant women lesser status than men, restricting property, inheritance and other rights. Social, economic and cultural practices create, enforce and perpetuate legalized gender inequalities and discrimination in all aspects of women's lives. …

  6. HIV-related stigma, discrimination and human rights violations. Case studies of successful programmes

    From the start of the AIDS epidemic, stigma and discrimination have fuelled the transmission of HIV and have greatly increased the negative impact associated with the epidemic. HIV-related stigma and discrimination continue to be manifest in every country and region of the world, creating major barriers to preventing further infection, alleviating impact and providing adequate care, support and treatment. Projects, programmes and activities in a range of countries have innovatively challenged HIV-related stigma, discrimination and human rights violations. …

  7. Siyam'kela Research Report: A report on the fieldwork leading up to the development of HIV/AIDS stigma indicators and guidelines

    The focus of this report is on:the findings that informed the development of indicators for internal and external stigmathe findings that informed the development of guidelines to assist those who wish to develop interventions to reduce HIV/AIDS stigmathe qualitative exploration of stigma experiences and perceptions in focus groups.The collection of HIV/AIDS stigma experiences and perceptions involved a group of 182 participants who participated in 23 focus groups (conducted across all nine provinces of South Africa) and 11 in-depth interviews. …

  8. Righting Stigma: Exploring a rights-based approach to addressing stigma

    This report summarises the findings from the Tswelopele Research Project from the AIDS and Human Rights Research Unit at the University of Pretoria. In an attempt to delve deeper into the data and research, authors were commissioned to focus on the human rights aspects arrising from the original project report and to further explore their implications. The report focuses on the following:the initial Tswelopele Report;gender;diclosure in the context of stigma;Voluntary counselling and testingsocial grants; andaccess to health care.

  9. Promoting young people's sexual and reproductive health: stigma, discrimination and human rights

    In 1999, the UK Department for International Development (DfID) funded a major programme of research into young people's sexual and reproductive health in poorer country settings.Coordinated jointly by the Centre for Sexual Health Research at the University of Southampton, the Thomas Coram Research Unit at the Institute of Education, University of London and the Centre for Population Studies at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, the principal objectives of the Safe Passages to Adulthood programme are to: - fill key knowledge gaps relating to the nature, magnitude and consequen …

  10. HIV/AIDS stigma and human rights: a localised investigation of Hammanskraal communities. A report of the Tswelopele Research Project of the Centre for the Study of AIDS

    The link between HIV/AIDS and human rights became apparent early on in the HIV/AIDS epidemic through the increased vulnerability of infection of some groups. HIV/AIDS is a human rights issue because groups that are already vulnerable to human rights violations - such as women, children, sex workers, and those living in poverty - are unable to realise their rights. …

  11. Disentangling HIV and AIDS Stigma in Ethiopia, Tanzania and Zambia

    The International Center for Research on Women (ICRW), in partnership with organizations in Ethiopia, Tanzania, and Zambia, led a study of HIV and AIDS-related stigma and discrimination in these three countries. This project, conducted from April 2001 to September 2003, unraveled the complexities around stigma by investigating the causes, manifestations and consequences of HIV and AIDS-related stigma and discrimination in sub-Saharan Africa. …

  12. Comparative analysis: research studies from India and Uganda: HIV and AIDS-related discrimination, stigmatisation and denial

    Discrimination, stigmatisation and denial have been recognized as important issues to be addressed in the context of HIV/AIDS. Discrimination against those living with HIV/AIDS, or presumed to be infected, is a violation of human rights. All individuals deserve equal respect and dignity, whatever their situation and whatever their status. This key Material succinctly describes and compares findings from studies, conducted in India and Uganda, of the nature, determinants and effects of HIV/AIDS-related discrimination, stigmatisation and denial. …

  13. India: HIV and AIDS-related discrimination, stigmatisation and denial

    Discrimination, stigmatisation and denial have been recognized as important issues to be addressed in the context of HIV/AIDS. Discrimination against those living with HIV/AIDS, or presumed to be infected, is a violation of human rights. All individuals deserve equal respect and dignity, whatever their situation and whatever their status. This key Material describes the findings from a study of the nature, determinants and the effects of HIV/AIDS-related discrimination, stigmatization and denial in India. …

  14. The role of stigma and discrimination in increasing the vulnerability of children and youth with and affected by HIV/AIDS

    This report clearly illustrates the powerful and negative effects of stigma on those affected by HIV/AIDS. The stories from children are particularly powerful and impacting. This report aims to put across the message that combating HIV/AIDS requires a strong and coordinated reponse from all sectors of society.

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