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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Our rights matter too: sexual and reproductive health and rights of young key populations in Asia and the Pacific

    This regional report for Asia and the Pacific, provides an overview of the sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) needs, issues, and priorities of young key populations (YKP), i.e. young men who have sex with men, young transgender people, young people injecting drugs, young people who sell sex, and young people living with HIV. The report addresses the gaps in knowledge on the SRHR needs of YKP in the region, offers recommendations based on a regional study, and contributes essential information for policy and advocacy efforts.

  2. No one left behind: understanding key populations, achieving triple zeros by 2030

    This book focuses on 6 key populations, i.e. sex workers, people who inject drugs, men who have sex with men, transgender individuals, beach boys and prisoners. It describes reasons why these key populations are at higher risk of acquiring HIV infections, the current situation of Sri Lankan laws and how discrimination and social stigma prevent these particular key population groups approaching health care services. …

  3. Human rights and the HIV response: a rapid assessment of human rights violations in the context of HIV, in the Eastern and Southern Africa region, and a review of current approaches to protecting and promoting human rights for an effective HIV response

    Key populations, specifically people who sell sex (PWSS), people who inject drugs (PWID) and lesbian, and gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) people experience significant human rights violations which underpin the continued high HIV incidence in these populations. This rapid assessment of human rights violations in Eastern and southern Africa focuses on three priority key populations – PWSS, LGBTI (including MSM), and PWID. The report outlines the normative international treaties that establish a basis for a human rights framework for the HIV response.

  4. Scan of law and policies affecting human rights, discrimination and access to HIV and health services by key populations in Pakistan

    The Scan of Laws and Policies Affecting Human Rights, Discrimination and Access to HIV and Health Services by Key Populations in Pakistan identifies the current status of legislation, policies, institutional frameworks in Pakistan that safeguard the universal human rights of the key affected populations with regard to the HIV prevention, care and treatment. …

  5. Policy analysis and advocacy decision model for services for key populations in Kenya

    From 2010–2012, the global Health Policy Project (funded by the United States Agency for International Development), in partnership with African Men for Sexual Health and Rights (AMSHeR), developed Policy Analysis and Advocacy Decision Model for HIV-Related Services: Males Who Have Sex with Males, Transgender People, and Sex Workers (Beardsley K., 2013), hereafter referred to as the Decision Model. …

  6. National strategic plan for HIV prevention, care and treatment for sex workers: Leveraging a public health and human rights approach for HIV and sex work programming in South Africa

    The key priorities to improve South Africa’s response to the HIV and STI epidemics among sex workers are: Scaling-up of a comprehensive prevention package to achieve significantly increased coverage, particularly of ‘hidden’ sex workers; Improving the quality of HIV, STIs and TB prevention services; Building the technical skills and organizational capacity of Community-Based Organisations (CBOs) and the National Sex Worker Network; Strengthening the involvement of sex workers in the HIV and AIDS response through community development and mobilization; Strengthening the partnership between Gove …

  7. National strategy on HIV preventative services for female sex worker in Pakistan

    The National Strategy for Female Sex Work in Pakistan is an elaboration of one of the identified priority areas of the National HIV & AIDS Strategic Framework 2007-2012. The objectives of the strategy are: 1. To improve the conduct of a) The mapping of the female sex trade in terms of location, categories of sex workers, estimation of numbers in each category, volume of sex work, and gatekeepers and b) Baseline assessments. 2. …

  8. The global HIV epidemics among sex workers

    Since the beginning of the epidemic sex workers have experienced a heightened burden of HIV across settings, despite their higher levels of HIV protective behaviors (UNAIDS, 2009). By gaining a deeper understanding of the epidemiologic and broader policy and social context within which sex work is set one begins to quickly gain a sense of the complex backdrop for increased risk to HIV among sex workers. …

  9. UNAIDS guidance note on HIV and sex work

    This Guidance Note has been developed to provide the UNAIDS Cosponsors and Secretariat with a coordinated human-rights-based approach to promoting universal access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support in the context of adult sex work. Sound, evidence-informed measures to address sex work constitute an integral component of an effective, comprehensive response to HIV. The Guidance Note provides clarification and direction regarding approaches by the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS to reduce HIV risk and vulnerability in the context of sex work. …

  10. Sex work and HIV in Namibia: Review of the literature and current programmes

    Namibia’s National Strategic Framework for HIV and AIDS 2010/11-2015/16 emphasises the importance of programmes aimed at most at risk populations, including sex workers. However, research aimed at understanding the realities faced by sex workers in Namibia and the effects of HIV on them, and HIV-related programming targeting sex workers, have been relatively limited to date. In order to contribute to strengthening HIV programming with sex workers, UNFPA Namibia has obtained Programme Acceleration Funding (PAF) from UNAIDS. …

  11. Documenting human rights Violations of sex workers in Kenya: a study conducted in Nairobi, Kisumu, Busia, Nanyuki, Mombasa and Malindi

    This study investigates the human rights violations experienced by women sex workers in Kenya. This research found that these women have no way to claim their individual human rights under the current operating laws and policy framework. They are unable to keep themselves safe as they seek to support themselves and their families because they are relentlessly subject to police harassment, arrest and abuse. Furthermore, because sex work is viewed as an 'immoral activity' rather than as a form of labour, many in society believe that sex workers deserve to be punished for what they do. …

  12. HIV Prevention Report Card for Sex Workers: Pakistan

    This Report Card is one in a series produced by the International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF) with the support of the Global Network of Sex Work Projects (NSWP) and the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA). Female, male and transgender sex workers are disproportionately affected by HIV. These communities are also often among the most marginalized and discriminated against in society. Laws that criminalize their occupation make it difficult for them to exercise their human rights, including accessing health services. …

  13. Human trafficking, HIV/AIDS, and the sex sector: human rights for all

    In March 2009, the American University Washington College of Law and the Center for Health and Gender Equity co-hosted a symposium, "Human Trafficking, HIV/AIDS, and the Sex Sector" to explore challenges and present examples of organizations that provide human-rightsbased approaches and partnerships with sex workers. …

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