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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Children's Rights: China

    China has ratified major international documents with regard to children’s rights protection. China’s domestic legislation also provides protection for a wide range of children’s rights. The reality, however, is disputable. Few accurate statistics could be obtained directly from the official source. In practice, enforcement of the treaty obligations and the legislative declarations remains a huge problem.

  2. Regional issues brief: rights of children and young people to access HIV-related services

    This Regional Issues Brief has been written to provide an overview of an area of enquiry that the Global Commission on HIV and the Law is examining – issues of law and HIV pertaining to young people. It has been undertaken through a literature review of laws and documentation of their enforcement in the context of Asia and the Pacific. It serves as an information resource and complements the report of the Regional Dialogue for Asia and the Pacific that was held under the auspices of the Global Commission on HIV and the Law in Bangkok on 16 and 17 February 2011.

  3. High income countries issue brief: rights of children and young people to access HIV-related services

    This brief focuses on the rights of children (minors under the age of 18 years) in high-income countries to access health services related to HIV prevention – in particular sexual and reproductive health services, and harm reduction services and drug treatment services. …

  4. Child Protection Support for Orphans and Vulnerable Children and Their Families in Côte d'Ivoire

    This case study examines Legal Units in Côte d'Ivoire, a network of individuals and resources that can be tapped as needed to protect the rights of children and their families. Their mission is to help resolve legal problems for OVC and their families either by mediation or prosecution, and to raise awareness about children's rights among OVC and their communities.

  5. A situational analysis on the status of women's and children's rights in Zimbabwe 2005-2010: A call for reducing disparities and improving equity

    The purpose of the Situation Analysis of Children and Women in Zimbabwe is to consider the situation facing children and women in 2010 and analyse how this affects the realisation of their rights. This Situation Analysis takes into account statistical trends, policies and budgets relating to the rights and welfare of girls, boys and women. While the report provides a brief review of the historical background, its primary focus is an analysis of the present situation with a view to assessing the future prospects for supporting children and women's rights.

  6. Sexual risk among orphaned adolescents: is country-level HIV prevalence an important factor?

    Previous studies from sub-Saharan Africa have found that orphans experience increased sexual risk compared to non-orphans. This article developed a theoretical framework for the investigation of determinants of HIV risk and used it to generate specific hypotheses regarding the effect of country-level HIV prevalence on the sexual risk experience of orphans. It expected that countries with high HIV prevalence would experience a higher prevalence of orphanhood. …

  7. Facts for life: Fourth edition

    Facts for Life is a joint publication of UNICEF, WHO, UNESCO, UNFPA, UNDP, WFP, UNAIDS and the World Bank. It aims to provide families and communities with the information they need to save and improve the lives of children. This is the fourth edition of Facts for Life. It is based on the latest scientific findings by medical and child development experts around the world, and presented in simple language that can be understood and acted upon easily by people without a scientific background. The Facts for Life messages are also based on human rights.

  8. Adolescent sexual health in West Africa: rights, realities, responses

    This publication is addressed to people who work with adolescents in West Africa, be it as teachers, nurses or social workers, as activists, politicians or bureaucrats, in national institutions or in international organisations. It draws attention to the rights and needs of a demographic group that is often neglected in social development initiatives. The publication is part of Plan's effort to refocus the lens used to view the African continent. …

  9. USAID Project Profiles: Children affected by HIV/AIDS

    This document describes projects that aim at combine HIV/AIDS prevention with care and support for affected children and their families. This report, which updates the first and second editions (published October 2001 and July 2002 respectively), presents projects profiles for 83 country specific and 16 regional or global projects currently funded by USAID. …

  10. Orphans and other vulnerable children in Namibia - their right to education and holistic support and development

    The author describes exploratory studies on children's rights in Namibia and the services provided to children affected and infected by HIV/AIDS and makes some recommendations on the need for education and provision of support for their holistic development.

  11. Kenya: In the Shadow of Death: HIV/AIDS and Children's Rights in Kenya

    Depicted as an economic, social and development crisis, HIV/AIDS is less well understood as a human rights crisis, though the rights of persons living with and at risk of AIDS have figured in AIDS policy development from the beginning. Exploring these ideas, the document compares the treatment of the epidemic with the policies for the treatment of sexually transmitted infections and other stigmatized illnesses. The group hardest hit is children, due to their inability to provide for themselves and in many cases, the lack of education. …

  12. HIV/AIDS and young people: hope for tomorrow

    This booklet examines the impact of HIV/AIDS on young people, looking at why they are being hit by the epidemic. It puts forward some ideas for HIV/AIDS prevention education and lists some principles for working with young people.

  13. Children and young people in a world of AIDS

    "Les enfants et les jeunes dans un monde frappé par le SIDA" examine la "Déclaration d'engagement sur le VIH/SIDA" adopté par l'Assemblée des Nations Unies en sa Session extraordinaire du 21 juin 2001. Il étudie aussi les engagements relatifs à la prévention de la transmission verticale, les soins et soutiens à apporter aux enfants affectés par le VIH/SIDA, la protection des jeunes contre l'épidémie et le calendrier d'exécution de ces objectifs.

  14. Rights based Approach to the Care and Protection of Orphans

    This paper discusses the rights of children particularly in a world with HIV/AIDS. It explores how the way children affects the lives that they live. The thrust is on how to ensure that a child's rights are actually accessible to him/her through particular policies.

  15. Discussion Paper: Principals to Guide Programming for Orphans and other Vulnerable Children

    This document aims to accelerate a process to build consensus on guiding principles for an expanded response to children and adolescents affected by HIV/AIDS. This effort is grounded in and driven by the firm conviction that children living in AIDS-affected communities have the right to protect themselves from becoming infected with HIV, and must not be forced into situations where they face risks of infection with HIV or other sexually transmitted diseases. …

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