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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Kenya's cash transfer program: protecting the health and human rights of orphans and vulnerable children

    In Kenya, as in other countries of sub-Saharan Africa heavily burdened by HIV/ AIDS, orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) face poverty and despair. There is an urgent need to provide a comprehensive response that supports families and communities in their efforts to care for children and safeguard their rights. The government of Kenya has established a cash transfer program that delivers financial and social support directly to the poorest households containing OVC, with special concern for those children with or affected by HIV/AIDS. …

  2. Exclaim! Young people's guide to 'Sexual rights: an IPPF declaration'

    Young people are sexual beings. All young people should be able to explore, experience and express their sexualities in healthy, positive, pleasurable and safe ways. This can only happen when young people's sexual rights are understood, recognized and guaranteed. Exclaim! seeks to increase awareness and understanding about young people's sexual rights. This youth guide explores what sexual rights are and how they relate to young people. It also examines strategies to translate sexual rights into actions for and by young people around the world.

  3. Child Protection Support for Orphans and Vulnerable Children and Their Families in Côte d'Ivoire

    This case study examines Legal Units in Côte d'Ivoire, a network of individuals and resources that can be tapped as needed to protect the rights of children and their families. Their mission is to help resolve legal problems for OVC and their families either by mediation or prosecution, and to raise awareness about children's rights among OVC and their communities.

  4. A situational analysis on the status of women's and children's rights in Zimbabwe 2005-2010: A call for reducing disparities and improving equity

    The purpose of the Situation Analysis of Children and Women in Zimbabwe is to consider the situation facing children and women in 2010 and analyse how this affects the realisation of their rights. This Situation Analysis takes into account statistical trends, policies and budgets relating to the rights and welfare of girls, boys and women. While the report provides a brief review of the historical background, its primary focus is an analysis of the present situation with a view to assessing the future prospects for supporting children and women's rights.

  5. National strategic framework on the health and development of adolescents and young people in Nigeria 2007-2011

    The goal of this strategic framework is to facilitate the implementation of the National Adolescent Health Policy that aims to improve the quality of life of young persons in Nigeria. …

  6. Sexual and reproductive health rights of adolescents living with HIV

    The International HIV/AIDS Alliance have carried out a literature review of the sexual and reproductive health rights of adolescents living with HIV. The study found that adolescents living with HIV have largely been left out of the national responses to HIV/AIDS in low-income settings. Their needs differ from those of adults living with HIV and they face many challenges, including serious service access barriers that require greater attention and advocacy. In most low-income countries health systems have not been designed and do not have the capacity to meet their specific needs. …

  7. Global Consultation on Strengthening the Health Sector Response to Care, Support, Treatment and Prevention for Young People Living with HIV

    The overarching objective of the consultation was to review and synthesize the experiences of young people living with HIV and health workers responsible for providing services for them, including the identification of gaps and obstacles in the provision and use of services, in order to offer practical recommendations on how to improve the health sector response. …

  8. Sexual risk among orphaned adolescents: is country-level HIV prevalence an important factor?

    Previous studies from sub-Saharan Africa have found that orphans experience increased sexual risk compared to non-orphans. This article developed a theoretical framework for the investigation of determinants of HIV risk and used it to generate specific hypotheses regarding the effect of country-level HIV prevalence on the sexual risk experience of orphans. It expected that countries with high HIV prevalence would experience a higher prevalence of orphanhood. …

  9. We can empower young people to protect themselves from HIV. Joint Action for Results, UNAIDS Outcome Framework: Business Case 2009-2011

    The Joint Action for Results: UNAIDS Outcome Framework, 2009-2011 represents a new and more focused commitment to the HIV response and serves as a platform to move towards UNAIDS' vision of zero new HIV-infections, zero discrimination, and zero AIDS-related deaths. It commits the UNAIDS Secretariat and Cosponsors to leverage their respective organizational mandates and resources to work collectively to deliver results.The Outcome Framework focuses on ten priority areas, each of which represents a pivotal component of the AIDS response. …

  10. Children to the fore! An easy-to-use training handbook that promotes child rights and cultural issues in the face of HIV in southern Africa

    The aim of this handbook is to ensure that children's rights are known, recognised and respected in communities, especially in situations where they may be compromised by cultural and traditional practices - or when their realisation is threatened by the circumstances of the HIV epidemic. It offers trainers, community-based volunteers, and others working with, or on behalf of, children the knowledge and skills to integrate child rights into their programme work, so that they become effective trainers or advocates for child rights. …

  11. Care for children affected by HIV/AIDS: the urgent need for international standards

    This paper is one of a series that deal in greater depth with selected complex issues broached in the Working Paper prepared by UNICEF and International Social Service on Improving Protection for Children without Parental Care: a Call for International Standards. The purpose of this paper is to identify the particular concerns which would need to be addressed by these standards in light of the HIV pandemic. It is also intended to highlight how the growing impact of HIV on children contributes to the urgency for these standards to be developed and applied.

  12. Facts for life: Fourth edition

    Facts for Life is a joint publication of UNICEF, WHO, UNESCO, UNFPA, UNDP, WFP, UNAIDS and the World Bank. It aims to provide families and communities with the information they need to save and improve the lives of children. This is the fourth edition of Facts for Life. It is based on the latest scientific findings by medical and child development experts around the world, and presented in simple language that can be understood and acted upon easily by people without a scientific background. The Facts for Life messages are also based on human rights.

  13. Young Adolescents' Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights: Sub-Saharan Africa

    Ce dossier a été réalisé dans le cadre de la série de l'International Women's Health Coalition (IWHC) consacrée aux jeunes adolescents. Il se fonde sur des données factuelles et des statistiques sur leur niveau de connaissance et sur leurs comportements sexuels et reproductifs. Il permet de démontrer la nécessité de politiques et de programmes plus sensibles à leurs besoins en Afrique subsaharienne.

  14. The way we care: a guide for managers of programs serving vulnerable children and youth

    The Way We Care was written by FHI staff for all readers, including those for whom English is a second language. The manual aims to improve the knowledge and skills of people who implement or support services for vulnerable children, youth, and families affected by disease, poverty, and trauma. It outlines child-focused, family centered activities; promotes the integration of care, prevention, and treatment; and offers practical information on program design and project management. …

  15. Youth-led organizations and SRHR: a step by step guide to creating sustainable youth-led organizations working on sexual and reproductive health and rights

    This is a step-by-step guide to creating a sustainable youth-led organization on sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR). This guide intends to: Provide steps that you can take while building a sustainable youth-led SRHR organization; Examine key lessons learned related to ensuring the sustainability of youth-led SRHR organizations and delineate challenges and strategies to overcome them; Highlight a few additional resources for young people interested in creating, maintaining or strengthening youth-led SRHR organizations.

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