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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Born free and equal: sexual orientation and gender identity in international human rights law

    The purpose of this booklet is to set out the core obligations that States have towards LGBT persons, and describe how United Nations mechanisms have applied international law in this context. For the past eighteen years, United Nations human rights treaty bodies and special procedures have documented violations of the human rights of LGBT people and analysed State compliance with international human rights law. …

  2. HIV and the law: Risks, rights and health

    The report "HIV and the Law: Risks, Rights and Health" presents public health, human rights and legal analysis and makes recommendations for law and policy makers, civil society, development partners and private sector actors involved in crafting a sustainable global response to HIV.

  3. Review of Legal Frameworks and the Situation of Human Rights related to Sexual Diversity in Low and Middle Income Countries

    This study sought to review published and unpublished data and information of policies, legal frameworks and regulations, homophobic practices (including violence) and related human rights violations, as well as stigma and discrimination with a pilot study to fill the most relevant knowledge gaps in sub-Saharan Africa, Asia, the Middle East and North Africa, Eastern Europe, and Latin America and the Caribbean.

  4. Enabling legal environments for effective HIV responses: a leadership challenge for the Commonwealth

    The purpose of this report is to define an agenda for action on HIV and the law in Commonwealth states. This agenda is intended to inform the work of legislators, officials and diplomats of Commonwealth states. It is also intended to assist civil society organisations to engage with governments of Commonwealth states on the legal dimensions of HIV responses. The report provides recommendations for governments, civil society organisations and Commonwealth institutions. …

  5. HIV/AIDS and human rights in Southern Africa

    This report is a guide to HIV/AIDS and human rights in the Southern African region. It seeks to describe the extent to which SADC countries have used and implemented selected guidelines from the International Guidelines on HIV/AIDS and Human Rights; describe good legal, policy and human rights practices in relation to HIV and AIDS and outline key human rights challenges facing People Living with HIV/AIDS in the SADC region. The first chapter describes the context for the report, including the most current statistics on HIV prevalence in the region. …

  6. Balancing acts: AIDS review 2008

    Balancing acts looks at the ways in which public health and human rights have often been pulled into tension in dealing with HIV and AIDS and other related health issues. As the HIV and AIDS epidemics have unfolded in South Africa and the epidemic has become a generalised one, increasing tensions have developed between what is called the public health approach and the human rights approach. …

  7. HIV-related stigma, discrimination and human rights violations. Case studies of successful programmes

    From the start of the AIDS epidemic, stigma and discrimination have fuelled the transmission of HIV and have greatly increased the negative impact associated with the epidemic. HIV-related stigma and discrimination continue to be manifest in every country and region of the world, creating major barriers to preventing further infection, alleviating impact and providing adequate care, support and treatment. Projects, programmes and activities in a range of countries have innovatively challenged HIV-related stigma, discrimination and human rights violations. …

  8. Whose right? AIDS Review 2002

    Review 2002 asks the question "Whose right?" This is both in question of whose interpretation is right in developing an AIDS response and understanding, and also whose rights are being addressed or abused. Review 2002 situates HIV/AIDS within the broader field of human rights and of stigma, prejudice and discrimination. The Review looks at what contitutes a rights-based approach to HIV and AIDS and the international guidelines on which such an approach can be based. …

  9. Human Rights Under Threat: Four perspectives on HIV, AIDS, and the law in Southern Africa

    Despite the fact that Southern Africa is the epicentre of the HIV epidemic, there is a shortage of research and reflection coming from the sub-region itself. With the support of the Open Society Initiative of Southern Africa (OSISA), the AIDS and Human Rights Research Unit, based at the Centre for the Study of AIDS and the Centre for Human Rights, University of Pretoria, in 2006 engaged in a research project to give a voice to Southern African perspectives on issues pertaining to HIV, AIDS, law and human rights. …

  10. Human Rights Protected? Nine Southern African country reports on HIV, AIDS and the law

    As its title indicates, 'Human rights protected? Nine Southern African country reports on HIV, AIDS and the law' charts the extent to which human rights are protected in the legal systems of the Southern African states with very high HIV prevalence rates. These countries are Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe. Issues that are covered in the publication include access to health care, privacy, non-discrimination, labour rights, women's rights, children's rights, prisoner's rights and the government's oversight function. …

  11. HIV/AIDS stigma and human rights: a localised investigation of Hammanskraal communities. A report of the Tswelopele Research Project of the Centre for the Study of AIDS

    The link between HIV/AIDS and human rights became apparent early on in the HIV/AIDS epidemic through the increased vulnerability of infection of some groups. HIV/AIDS is a human rights issue because groups that are already vulnerable to human rights violations - such as women, children, sex workers, and those living in poverty - are unable to realise their rights. …

  12. HIV/AIDS and Human Rights in Zimbabwe

    This country report on HIV/AIDS and human rights in Zimbabwe is the result of a one-year joint project between the Centre for the Study of AIDS and the Centre for Human Rights, both based at the University of Pretoria, South Africa. The research project was made possible through funds provided by the Open Society Foundation. This report is one of a series of eight reports focusing on HIV/AIDS and human rights in the following countries within the Southern African Development Community (SADC): Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe. …

  13. HIV/AIDS and Human Rights in Zambia

    This country report on HIV/AIDS and human rights in Zambia is the result of a one-year joint project between the Centre for the Study of AIDS and the Centre for Human Rights, both based at the University of Pretoria, South Africa. The research project was made possible through funds provided by the Open Society Foundation. This report is one of a series of eight reports focusing on HIV/AIDS and human rights in the following countries within the Southern African Development Community (SADC): Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe. …

  14. HIV/AIDS and Human Rights in Swaziland

    This country report on HIV/AIDS and human rights in Swaziland is the result of a one-year joint project between the Centre for the Study of AIDS and the Centre for Human Rights, both based at the University of Pretoria, South Africa. The research project was made possible through funds provided by the Open Society Foundation. This report is one of a series of eight reports focusing on HIV/AIDS and human rights in the following countries within the Southern African Development Community (SADC): Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe. …

  15. HIV/AIDS and Human Rights in South Africa

    This country report on HIV/AIDS and human rights in South Africa is the result of a one-year joint project between the Centre for the Study of AIDS and the Centre for Human Rights, both based at the University of Pretoria, South Africa. The research project was made possible through funds provided by the Open Society Foundation. This report is one of a series of eight reports focusing on HIV/AIDS and human rights in the following countries within the Southern African Development Community (SADC): Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe. …

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