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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Human Rights Protections for Sexual Minorities in Insular Southeast Asia: Issues and Implications for Effective HIV Prevention

    This desk review examines the human rights situation for sexual minorities in six countries in insular Southeast Asia, namely Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore and Timor-Leste. It considers domestic laws and practices, as well as the international human rights instruments and obligations that each country is signatory. It concludes with recommendations to improve the rights framework in the sub-region so that HIV prevention and health programmes can be more accessible and responsive to the needs of sexual minorities.

  2. Toward Universal Access: Examples of municipal HIV programming for men who have sex with men and transgender people is six Asian cities

    This report analyzes current city-level responses in Manila, Bangkok, Jakarta, Yangon, Ho Chi Minh City and Chengdu to highlight innovate responses and underlines that city-based responses will have a critical impact on tackling HIV among MSM and transgender persons. The study also confirms that progress continues to be hampered by the existence of restrictive legal environment and policies, selective enforcement practices and the lack of local coordination between health, law enforcement officials and community based organizations. …

  3. Issue without Boundaries: HIV/AIDS in Southeast Asia

    The purpose of the project was to analyse the relationship between global, regional, national and local strategies to combat HIV/AIDS in the light of increasing globalisation, and to discuss changing (health) governance and the role of the state.

  4. On the Right Track: Vietnam Adopts Rights-based Policies for HIV Prevention, Treatment and Care

    Due in part to U.S. assistance on the policy front, the Vietnamese National Assembly enacted a more progressive, health- and rights-oriented national law regarding HIV/AIDS in mid-2006. Significantly, the new law officially endorses an array of specific HIV prevention activities for groups with high-risk behaviors. Ultimately, the policy environment in which donors and NGOs operate appears to be improving dramatically and holds promise for managing the epidemic as long as there is improved coordination among all actors.

  5. HIV/AIDS in Latin America from social point of view

    This study on HIV/AIDS-related legislation and public policies developed by the Latin American Social Sciences Institute (FLACSO) between March and June 2008 aims not only to identify specific policies and laws on HIV and AIDS but also to broaden the scope so as to include those that guarantee or obstruct the rights of key populations. …

  6. HIV/AIDS in the legislation of the Republic of Croatia: the analysis with propositions of modifications of current legislation and strengthening of human rights of people living with HIV

    The Analysis with Propositions of Modifications of Current Legislation and Strengthening of Human Rights of People Living with HIV provides answers to following questions: Is the current legislation sufficient to protect people living with HIV from any form of discrimination in all areas of life, ranging from access to labour market to access to services? Are the particular legal provisions in accordance with international recommendations, and to what extent they foster human rights based approaches? …

  7. Strategic directions for improving the health and development of children and adolescents

    The document summarizes priority areas for WHO action based on global evidence. Improving the health and development of children and adolescents means that WHO will need to shape its implementation of the strategy to the epidemiological needs of specific regions and countries. The strategy document proposes a flexible, country-specific approach that reflects and respects differences in epidemiology. In addition, it outlines a strategic framework that is based on equity, the life course, and a public health approach. It defines principles to guide the implementation. …

  8. HIV/AIDS and Human Rights in Nigeria. Background Paper for HIV/AIDS Policy Review in Nigeria

    The paper provides in-depth information on the inextricable relationship between HIV/AIDS and human rights, including issues relating to testing, confidentiality, access to treatment/drugs, gender, the workplace, health worker/patient interaction and HIV/AIDS in the family and community and among vulnerable populations such as prisoners and sex workers. It draws extensively from material prepared by UNAIDS and the United Nations Centre for Human Rights (UNCHR), and the International Guidelines on Human Rights.

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