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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Cost of homophobia: literature review of the economic impact of homophobia on Canada

    Research was reviewed related to the negative results of homophobia on gays, lesbians and bisexuals (GLB), and the economic impact of such negative effects. Homophobia was defined as the irrational fear of, or aversion to, homosexuals and homosexuality, while the related construct of heterosexism was defined as a belief system that values heterosexuality as superior to and/or more natural than homosexuality, and/or the assumption that all people are heterosexual. …

  2. Gender-based violence and HIV: technical brief

    The brief is informed by: 1) a review of the most recent research findings on the intersection of GBV and HIV; 2) promising practices documented in the program literature; and 3) telephone interviews with select program implementers.

  3. Sexual and reproductive health rights of adolescents living with HIV

    The International HIV/AIDS Alliance have carried out a literature review of the sexual and reproductive health rights of adolescents living with HIV. The study found that adolescents living with HIV have largely been left out of the national responses to HIV/AIDS in low-income settings. Their needs differ from those of adults living with HIV and they face many challenges, including serious service access barriers that require greater attention and advocacy. In most low-income countries health systems have not been designed and do not have the capacity to meet their specific needs. …

  4. International, African and country legal obligations on women's equality in relation to sexual and reproductive health including HIV and AIDS

    The lack of universal access to women's reproductive health services has contributed to the collective failure to be on target to achieve the MDGs by 2015. This is part and parcel of the failure to secure Universal Access by 2010 and is a major factor in the high burden of HIV and AIDS on the African continent. …

  5. Gender, sexuality, rights and HIV: an overview for community sector organizations

    This document is a resource for NGOs and CBOs to build greater understanding of how gender and sexuality determine vulnerability to HIV. The document also highlights major human rights declarations, treaties and recommendations that can be used by individuals and associations to advocate for their rights and hold decision makers accountable to their commitments. This document is a summary of a desk-based review of literature that examines the factors that contribute to the vulnerability and risk of HIV infection in men, women, and men who have sex with men (MSM). …

  6. Review of legislation, policies and practices: legal provision on access of adolescents to information and health services related to HIV/AIDS and STI in B&H

    The primary aim of this analysis is to make a cross section of the present legislation with respect to adolescents' access to health care, services and information related to the protection against HIV infection and other STIs. This document also analyses the practice with respect to the implementation of the present legislation in the territory of B&H. The analysis of legislation is structured according to the administrative division of the country into two entities (the Republika Srpska and the Federation of BiH, which is further divided into 10 Cantons) and the Brcko District. …

  7. Consultancy services for review of laws and policies relating to HIV/AIDS. Final report submitted to: NAC sector on ethics, law and human rights

    As part of its strategy to effectively tackle the HIV/AIDS pandemic and in particular to give effect to the Government declared objective of mainstreaming human rights into Botswana's approach to HIV/AIDS, the National AIDS Council, through its Ethics, Law and Human Rights Sector, commissioned a study to review all existing policies, laws, practices and directives with a bearing on HIV/AIDS to assess the compatibility of the current approach with the Constitution of Botswana, the extent to which Botswana approach to HIV/AIDS meets Botswana international human rights obligations as spelt out in …

  8. Assessing the Integration of gender and Human Rights in HIV Related Documents and Processes in Selected Southern African Countries. A rapid assessment

    This report presents the findings of a desk study undertaken to assess the integration of gender and human rights in HIV-related documents and processes in Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. It highlights best practices, lessons learned, and areas for future action. The report implies an urgency to move from the status quo, whereby the centrality of gender equality and human rights in the pandemic regionally is underestimated. …

  9. Compendium of key documents relating to human rights and HIV in eastern and southern Africa

    The Compendium of key documents relating to human rights and HIV in Eastern and Southern Africa is a collection, in five parts, of global, regional, sub-regional and national human rights instruments, policies, legislation and case law that are relevant to HIV and AIDS. Part A: The global documents include UN conventions, declarations, concluding observations and other relevant documents as well as instruments adopted by the World Trade Organisation. …

  10. What about boys? : a literature review on the health and development of adolescent boys

    The document presents a review of existing and available literature on adoelscent boys and their health development and analysis of this research for programme and policy implications. The document also describes what is special about adolescent boys and their developmental and health needs. Areas where additional research is needed was also highlighed.

  11. National and sector HIV/AIDS policies in the member states of the Southern Africa Development Community

    This report is a summary of the existing HIV/AIDS national policies and plans among countries in SADC. It is intended to provide a snapshot of the current status of policy formulation in the region and to suggest future steps to strengthen the policy environment for an effective response to the epidemic. Much of the information in this report is derived from national HIV/AIDS policies, strategic plans, HIV/AIDS policies for specific sectors and work plans. National consultants in each country collected these documents and commented on the final report.

  12. HIV/AIDS in Nigeria: bibliography report

    The contents of this bibliography have been classified into five main areas: Basic Science; Clinical Science; Epidemiology, Prevention and Public Health; Social Science; Rights, Policy, Commitment and Action. The production of this bibliography showed the existence of substantial information on various aspects of HIV/AIDS in Nigeria and that with proper planning such information could be collated. The collation of these materials is essential to help prevent duplication of research activities thus saving valuable time and resources, as well as provide relevant data and informtion on HIV/AIDS.

  13. HIV and conflict: a double emergency. "Without war, we could fight AIDS"

    In the decade ahead, HIV/AIDS is expected to kill ten times more people than conflict. In conflict situations, children and young people are most at risk from both HIV/AIDS infection and violence. In this report, Save the Children calls on governments, donors and humanitarian agencies to uphold children's rights and to channel resources into preventing what for many young people is already a double emergency.

  14. Gender and HIV/AIDS: supporting resources collection

    This document contains: Summaries of key resources outlining why gender is so important in understanding the impact and spread of HIV/AIDS; Practical examples of approaches from around the world, aiming to strengthen capacity building, advocacy, service delivery, and research; Short summaries of operational toolkits and guides; Information about courses, web sites, networking and contact details for organisations from around the world specialising in gender and HIV/AIDS.

  15. Education for the prevention and control of AIDS

    This bibliography includes a review of the literature on education for the prevention and control of HIV/AIDS. A range of topics are covered including: general information about HIV/AIDS; HIV/AIDS preventive education in schools; training educators in HIV/AIDS prevention and education; care and management of those living with HIV/AIDS; HIV/AIDS information for vulnerable groups; ethical, moral and legal aspects of HIV/AIDS. It also includes WHO guidelines for HIV/AIDS prevention and control.

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