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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Era como ir todos los días al matadero...: El bullying homofóbico en instituciones públicas de Chile, Guatemala y Perú. Documento de trabajo

    En los últimos años, el reconocimiento mundial del bullying homofóbico como un problema social se ha hecho cada vez más claro, así como el de su asociación a una serie de consecuencias en la salud y el bienestar de las y los afectados, incluyendo la depresión y el suicidio (UNESCO, 2011); sin embargo, la comprensión del probléma es aún insuficiente (Espelage et al., 2003). A pesar del conocimiento de la prominencia del sexismo y la homofobia en América Latina, una revisión regional reciente mostró que la información disponible es limitada (UNESCO, 2011). …

  2. A critical analysis of public policies on education and LGBT rights in Brazil

    This report presents an analysis of public education policies and considers where these policies intersect with programmes aimed at preventing and reducing discrimination and violence against LGBT people. The first part of the report details the current Brazilian social context focusing on: levels of inequality and poverty; educational indicators; data on homophobic violence; and an assessment of dogmatic religious discourses that are increasingly affecting policymaking and implementation in areas pertaining to sexuality. …

  3. Intersexuality and sexual rights in southern Brazil

    This paper reports of the socio‐medical management of intersexuality in a teaching hospital in southern Brazil. Findings reveal that the ‘search for sex’ in the body treats sex as a medical‐diagnostic category constructed during decision‐making negotiations. In the course of the various bodily ‘regulations’ and ‘corrections’ imposed, the insufficiency of a model in which categories are based around a sexual dichotomy is revealed. …

  4. Aprendiendo y educando con inclusión: guía de consulta sobre sexualidad, diversidad sexual y derechos humanos para docentes de educación básica regular

    Con esta guía, las y los docentes obtendrán información actualizada y científica para comprender una serie de aspectos sobre la sexualidad de las y los adolescentes y de jóvenes con orientaciones sexuales o identidades de género diferentes. Además, encontrarán información sobre el marco normativo internacional y nacional que ampara sus derechos, así como algunos recursos metodológicos para enfrentar situaciones de acoso escolar o bullying homofóbico, lesbofóbico y transfóbico, a nivel individual y al interior del aula.

  5. Model district policy on transgender and gender nonconforming students: model language, commentary and resources

    This document presents our Model District Policy on Transgender and Gender Nonconforming Students, which outlines best practices for schools to ensure that all students are safe, included and respected in school, regardless of their gender identity or expression — including transgender and gender nonconforming students. The model presents some policy objectives, key points and alternatives to consider. This model is meant to be adaptable to the specific needs of your school district, while keeping the original intent of the policy intact. …

  6. Model school district policy regarding transgender and gender nonconforming students

    California law and District policy require that all programs, activities, and employment practices be free from discrimination based on sex, sexual orientation, or gender identity. This policy is designed in keeping with these mandates to create a safe learning environment for all students and to ensure that every student has equal access to all school programs and activities. …

  7. Responding to harassment of LGBT youth in schools: snapshots from three trend-setting countries

    This report explores three countries’ responses to one aspect of LGBT marginalization—school harassment of LGBT youth. In particular, the authors studied the policies and programs of the United States, Germany and Brazil in an effort to identify lessons learned that could help ameliorate school harassment of LGBT youth and create the beginnings of a 3Rs movement to end homophobia and transphobia and the negative impact they have on young people. These countries where selected as snapshots of important, trend-setting work being done in different regions of the world. …

  8. Universal access from vulnerability to resilience: the Latin American and Caribbean strategic framework for strengthening national responses to HIV for gay men, other MSM and trans people

    This Regional Strategic Framework focuses on three core issues that are of utmost importance for the realization of the MDG 6 in Latin America and the Caribbean: evidence, human rights and capacity. Effective responses to HIV epidemics require robust and reliable information about who is affected by HIV and about what works in prevention and care. Effective responses also require attention to stigma and discrimination, which continue to undermine commitments and responses from both affected populations and community leaders. …

  9. Hatred in the hallways: violence and discrimination against Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender students in U.S. schools

    This publication discusses documented attacks on the human rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender youth who have been subjected to abuse by their peers, and in some cases by their teachers and school administrators. To date, these violations are compounded by the lack of legislation to protect these students from discrimination and violence. Youth around the world ages 12 through 21 were interviewed for this report. In addition, 130 youth service providers, teachers, counselors, and parents were surveyed. …

  10. La impunidad por homofobia y discriminación que sufre la comunidad GLBT en América Latina y Caribe: Ecuador

    Análisis comparativo entre la legislación ecuatoriana, que defiende explícitamente los derechos de las minorías sexuales, y la discriminación que aún siguen experimentando a nivel social.

  11. Análisis de la respuesta normativa para la prevención y atención de la población vulnerable (hsh, trans y ts) frente a las its y vih

    El presente análisis de la normatividad referente a las poblaciones vulnerables: Hombres que tienen Sexo con Hombres, Transgéneros, Transexuales, Travestis, Trabajadoras y Trabajadores Sexuales, tiene como objetivo establecer nuevos límites al marco normativo actual del Perú, impactando de manera clara en los mecanismos de promoción y protección de sus derechos en general. …

  12. Diversidad sexual, identidad y género

    El Seminario sobre Diversidad Sexual, Identidad y Género de las Altas Autoridades en Derechos Humanos del MERCOSUR, realizado en Montevideo, Uruguay, propone erradicar la discriminación por orientación sexual e identidad/expresión de género y reconocer los Derechos de la Diversidad Sexual como Derechos Humanos Fundamentales. …

  13. Visibilidad y participación social de las homosexualidades en Chile: la emergencia de una esfera pública subalterna

    Visibilidad y participación social de las homosexualidades en Chile: la emergencia de una esfera pública subalterna

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