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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Montenegrin educational policy and sexual orientation: representation of LGBT topics in school curricula and textbooks

    The analysis focuses on treatment of LGBT (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender) phenomenon in Montenegrin course curricula and textbooks for primary and secondary schools. Objectives of the analysis: 1. Quantitatively and qualitatively, through the method of content analysis, determine treatment of LGBT phenomena in established and approved course curricula and textbooks. 2. Examine democratic features of the educational system through an overview of strategic regulations and documents governing education and textbook policy. 3. …

  2. LGBTI rights: an activity pack for teachers of children and young people

    This resource enables teachers to explore the human rights of sexual minority groups with children and young people. LGBTI stands for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Intersex people. These activities are designed to enable young people to use language positively, to celebrate diversity and tolerance. Teachers of primary, secondary and FE students can look at the suggested age-range of each activity and select appropriately for their students. Activities meet statutory curricular requirements across the UK.

  3. Being LGBT in Asia: Nepal country report. A participatory review and analysis of the legal and social environment for lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) persons and civil society

    This report reviews the legal and social environment for LGBT people and organizations in Nepal alongside the discussions and findings from the Nepal National LGBTI Community Dialogue held in Kathmandu in April 2014. It provides an overview of LGBT rights as related broadly to human rights conventions and laws, the legal environment and socio-cultural environment, and religion; and more specifically to education, employment, family affairs, health, media, political affairs and the capacity of LGBT organizations. …

  4. Eliminating discrimination against children and parents based on sexual orientation and/or gender identity

    This position paper is based on UNICEF’s mandate to promote and protect the rights of all children. UNICEF will continue working to protect all children from discrimination, including those who identify as LGBT.

  5. Guidelines for supporting sexual and gender diversity in schools. Sexuality discrimination and homophobic bullying

    It is a fundamental right of every child and young person to feel safe in their school environment. Western Australian schools pride themselves on being safe and effective learning environments that cater for the diverse needs of all students, including those who are (LGBTI) lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, intersex and other sexuality, sex and gender diverse people. Recognising LGBTI students and staff as an everyday part of the social mix of the school community is important in responding appropriately to their needs. …

  6. Era como ir todos los días al matadero...: El bullying homofóbico en instituciones públicas de Chile, Guatemala y Perú. Documento de trabajo

    En los últimos años, el reconocimiento mundial del bullying homofóbico como un problema social se ha hecho cada vez más claro, así como el de su asociación a una serie de consecuencias en la salud y el bienestar de las y los afectados, incluyendo la depresión y el suicidio (UNESCO, 2011); sin embargo, la comprensión del probléma es aún insuficiente (Espelage et al., 2003). A pesar del conocimiento de la prominencia del sexismo y la homofobia en América Latina, una revisión regional reciente mostró que la información disponible es limitada (UNESCO, 2011). …

  7. Minimum standards to combat homophobic and transphobic bullying

    This document addresses a particularly troubling form of discrimination: homophobic and transphobic bullying in formal education settings This document is primarily aimed at educational institutions and authorities, including schools and ministries of education. Other stakeholders include youth and student organisations, LGBTQ-focused NGOs, and other advocacy groups.

  8. A Brief on school bullying on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity: LGBT-friendly Thailand?

    The analysis presented here is from a study commissioned by UNESCO Bangkok and Plan International Thailand, and conducted by Mahidol University. There has been research on school bullying in Thailand, but only anecdotal evidence on bullying specifically targetting students who are, or are perceived to be, LGBT, or mechanisms to counter it in Thai schools. This study aimed to fill this gap in evidence, and to identify policy and programme implications. It is the first systematic study on the issue in Thailand.

  9. An overview of gay, lesbian and bisexual issues in Botswana

    In Botswana, homosexuality is criminalized, stigmatized, and considered by some to be “un-African.” Unsurprisingly in this context there has been scant research on lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) issues. This paper reviews what research has been done in the areas of HIV risk, substance abuse, and mental health; explores the issues facing LGBs in Botswana; and offers recommendations for policy and future research. …

  10. Advocate for sexual diversity education: A guide to advocate for enhanced quality of education dealing with sexual diversity

    This guide is a follow-up of the UNESCO consultation on homophobic bullying in educational institutions during 2011-2012. On 16 May 2012, a UNESCO report on homophobic bullying in educational institutions was published. GALE, which is a formal cooperating partner of UNESCO, assisted the consultation process by pointing the way to research, good practices and NGO partners, and by providing input in the publication. The UNESCO report contains an analysis and general suggestions. …

  11. Model district policy on transgender and gender nonconforming students: model language, commentary and resources

    This document presents our Model District Policy on Transgender and Gender Nonconforming Students, which outlines best practices for schools to ensure that all students are safe, included and respected in school, regardless of their gender identity or expression — including transgender and gender nonconforming students. The model presents some policy objectives, key points and alternatives to consider. This model is meant to be adaptable to the specific needs of your school district, while keeping the original intent of the policy intact. …

  12. Responding to harassment of LGBT youth in schools: snapshots from three trend-setting countries

    This report explores three countries’ responses to one aspect of LGBT marginalization—school harassment of LGBT youth. In particular, the authors studied the policies and programs of the United States, Germany and Brazil in an effort to identify lessons learned that could help ameliorate school harassment of LGBT youth and create the beginnings of a 3Rs movement to end homophobia and transphobia and the negative impact they have on young people. These countries where selected as snapshots of important, trend-setting work being done in different regions of the world. …

  13. Hatred in the hallways: violence and discrimination against Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender students in U.S. schools

    This publication discusses documented attacks on the human rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender youth who have been subjected to abuse by their peers, and in some cases by their teachers and school administrators. To date, these violations are compounded by the lack of legislation to protect these students from discrimination and violence. Youth around the world ages 12 through 21 were interviewed for this report. In addition, 130 youth service providers, teachers, counselors, and parents were surveyed. …

  14. Educar para a diversidade. Um guia para professores sobre orientação sexual e identidade de género

    Educar Para a Diversidade. Um Guia para Professores sobre Orientação Sexual e Identidade de Género é uma brochura elaborada pelo Projecto Educação LGBT da Rede ex aequo, associação de jovens lésbicas, gays, bissexuais, transgéneros e simpatizantes com o apoio financeiro dela Fundação Europeia da Juventude do Conselho da Europa. Esta brochura foi concebida não só para oferecer recursos adequados aos agentes educativos, mas também para oferecer sugestões práticas para a redução da homofobia e da transfobia nas escolas. O objectivo final é garantir a segurança e bem-estar de todos os estudantes. …

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